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 is a city and municipality in Møre og Romsdalmarker county, Norwaymarker. It is part of the Sunnmøremarker region. It is a sea port, and is noted for its unique concentration of Jugendstil architecture.


Ålesund was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). Borgund was merged with Ålesund on 1 January 1968. Sulamarker was separated from Ålesund on 1 January 1977. Ålesund received city rights in 1848. It is the administrative center of the municipality as well as the principal shipping city of the Sunnmøre district. Ålesund municipality has a population of 41,385 as of 2007, while the Ålesund agglomeration has a population of 45,299.

History

Legend has it that Gangerolf (outside of Norway better known as Rollo), the 10th century founder of the dynasty of the dukes of Normandy, hailed from the community of Giskemarker, north-west of Ålesund. At least three statues of Rolle exist: in the town park in Ålesund, in the city of Rouen, Francemarker, and in Fargo, North Dakota, United Statesmarker.

In the night of 23 January 1904, the town was the scene of the Ålesund Fire, one of the most terrible of the many conflagrations to which Norwegian towns, once built largely of wood, have been subjected. Practically the entire town was destroyed during the night, a gale aiding the flames, and the population had to leave the town in the middle of the night with only a few minutes' notice . Only one person died in the fire, the 76-year old Ane Heen, but more than 10,000 people were left without shelter.

Kaiser Wilhelm of Germanymarker had often gone on vacation to Sunnmøre. After the fire, he sent 4 warships with materials to build temporary shelters and barracks. After a period of planning, the town was rebuilt in stone, brick and mortar in Jugendstil (Art Nouveau), the architectural style of the time. The structures were designed by approximately 20 master builders and 30 Norwegian architects, most of them educated in Trondheimmarker and Charlottenburg, Berlinmarker, drawing inspiration from all over Europe. To honor Wilhelm, one of the most frequented streets of the city is named after him. The town has an unusually consistent architecture, most of the buildings having been built between 1904 and 1907. Jugendstilsenteretmarker is a national interpretation centre, visitors can learn more about the town fire, the rebuilding of the town and the Art Nouveau style. Ålesund is a partner city of the Art nouveau network, a European network of co-operation created in 1999 for the study, safeguards and development of the Art nouveau.

Toponomy

Ålesund was originally known as Kaupangen Borgund, kaupang being the Old Norse word for marketplace or town. The West Norse form of the current name was Álasund. The first element is (probably) the plural genitive case of áll which means "eel" and the last element is sund which means "strait" or "sound". Before 1921, the name was written Aalesund.

Coat-of-arms

The coat-of-arms was granted on 1 April 1898. The arms symbolize the importance of fishing for the city. The type of ship was typical for the ships used in the 18th and 19th century and is taken from a drawing made in 1762. The waves and fish were added to the drawing in the arms.

The arms are shown in the Kaffe Hag album with the boat sailing right instead of sailing left.

Geography



Ålesund municipality occupies seven of the outer islands in the county of Møre og Romsdalmarker: Hessamarker, Aspøymarker, Nørvøyamarker, Oksnøy, Ellingsøymarker, Humlamarker and Tørlamarker. The city centre is located on the islands Aspøy and Nørvøy, while Hessa and Oksnøy contain residential areas. The second largest island, Elingsøy, used to be accessible only by boat or by road via Skodjemarker municipality, but a subsea tunnel was built in 1987 to make travelling between the island and the city centre more convenient. The tunnel is 3,481 metres long, and is currently being upgraded. Situated 236 km north northeast of Bergenmarker, Ålesund is adjacent to the Hjørundmarker and Geirangermarker fjords, the latter being on UNESCO'smarker list of World Heritage Sites.

The municipality covers an area of 93 km2. The population is 41,385, making the population density 430 people per km2. The population of the agglomeration, which includes parts of the neighbouring municipality Sulamarker, is 45,299. The municipality also contains three small, separate urban areas — Hoffland, Årset and Myklebost — with a total population of 1217.

The city has a pronounced maritime climate with mild and windy winters; the coldest month of the year, January, has a mean temperature of 1.3 °C. The lowest temperature ever recorded at Ålesund Airport, Vigramarker is a mere -11 °C.

Cityscape

Economy

View from Aksla onto Ålesund.
Ålesund has one of the largest and most important fishing harbors in Norway. The town's fishing fleet is one of the most modern in Europe. Ålesund and surroundings also has a large furniture industry. Some well-known household items are manufactured here. In the 1950s and 1960s, Ålesund was one of the chief stations of the herring fishery business.

To the east of Ålesund lies the village of Sykkylven. The Ekornes factory, producing furniture such as the StressLess chair. Håhjem, another village near Ålesund, contains the headquarters of the Stokke company. Ålesund is also one of the harbours at which the Hurtigruten arrives two times per day.

MS Polarlys in Ålesund (December 2005).


Transportation

From Øye at the head of Hjørundfjord a road strikes south to the Nordfjordmarker, and from Maråk on Geirangerfjordmarker another strikes inland to Otta. The railway line Raumabanen starts at Åndalsnesmarker, 120 km east of Ålesund, going to Dombåsmarker, then southwards on the Dovrebanen railway to Lillehammermarker and Oslomarker. Ålesund is a port of call for passenger and freight vessels travelling between Bergenmarker, Kingston upon Hullmarker, Newcastlemarker, Hamburgmarker, and Trondheimmarker, including the Hurtigruta (Norwegian Coastal Express) cruise ships, which arrive in Ålesund twice a day.

The city's airport, Ålesund Airport, Vigramarker, has several daily flights to/from Oslo, Bergen, Trondheim and Copenhagen.

Two weekly flights to/from Rigamarker (Riga International Airportmarker) (AirBaltic).

Culture

The inner harbour in winter.
The Norwegian Centre of Art Nouveau Architecture, Jugendstilsenteretmarker, is situated in Ålesund. Its a museum and competence center with exhibitions telling the story of the city fire and Art Nouveu/Jugendstil in Norway and Europe.

The local football team, Aalesunds Fotballklubb (AaFK) was founded in 1914. The team played in the Norwegian premier league for the first time in the 2003 season. The club won it's first Norwegian FA cup in 2009. The team's new arena, Color Line Stadionmarker, opened 16 April 2005 and is located approximately 1 km outside the town centre. Aafk's supporter club is called "Stormen" and has about 2,000 members.

The local newspaper is Sunnmørsposten, founded in 1882 and published six days a week. Ålesund is the site of the annual Norwegian Food Festival.

Education

Ålesund has a university college, Ålesund University College (Norwegian: Høgskolen i Ålesund, with approximately 1800 students and 150 employees. The Ålesund School of Art (Norwegian: Ålesund Kunstskole) is a school for visual arts located in Ålesund. The Norwegian School of Managementmarker has a campus in Ålesund, but it will close 1 August 2008.

Ålesund videregående skole, also known as Latinskolen, formerly Aalesund Lærd- og Realskole, is the oldest secondary school in Ålesund, having been established in 1863. Of the six upper secondary schools in Ålesund, including Latinskolen, Fagerlia videregående skole is the largest with room for approximately 1000 students.

Famous residents



International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Ålesund is twinned with several towns:

In addition, the city has good relations with the town of Eumarker, Francemarker.

References



External links




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