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Çengelköy is a neighborhood in the Üsküdarmarker municipality on the Asian shore of the Bosphorusmarker, in Istanbulmarker, Turkeymarker, between the neighborhoods of Beylerbeyimarker and Kuleli. It is mainly a residential district. Many mansions were built there in the Ottoman period.

From the 6th century, the port of Çengelköy was called Sophianai because of the palace Justin II built nearby for his consort Sophia.

The name Çengelköy means "hook village," but the origin of the name is uncertain. One story put forward is that a 19th-century Ottoman admiral named Çengeloğlu Tahir Pasha had a seaside mansion built there (and there is a Çengeloğlu Street in Çengelköy). Another story derives the name from the Persian word çenkar, "crab," because of the abundance of seafood in the Bosphorus there. A 16th-century Ottoman document apparently refers to the place as "Çenger köyü."

Çengelköy is world-famous for the small cucumbers once grown there (now grown in Kandıramarker).

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