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Obuda town hall in Budapest.
Roman amphitheatre
Saint Peter and Paul church
Óbuda (sometimes written in English as Obuda) was a historical city in Hungarymarker. United with Buda and Pestmarker in 1873 it now forms part of District III of Budapestmarker. The name means Old Buda in Hungarian (in German, Alt-Ofen). The name in Croatian and Serbian for this city is Stari Budim, but the local Croat minority calls it Obuda (the name "Budim" they use for the fortress in Buda).

The island (Óbuda Island) next to this part of the city today hosts the Sziget Festivalmarker, a huge music and cultural festival.

Its centre is Fő tér (Main Square), connected to a small square with a sculpture of people waiting for the rain to stop. It is accessible by HÉV (Árpád hídmarker station).

History

Settlements dating from the stone age have been found in Óbuda. The Romans built Aquincummarker, the capital of Pannonia province here. Hungarians arrived after 900 and it served as an important settlement of major tribal leaders, later kings. Béla IV of Hungary built a new capital after the 1241-1242 Mongol invasion in Buda, somewhat south of Óbuda. On January 1, 1873 it was united with Buda and Pestmarker to form Budapestmarker.

The Obuda Jewish community, dated from the fifteenth century, was wiped out by the Ottoman conquest of 1526. Jews, not permitted to live in Buda, returned to Óbuda in 1712 under the protection of the counts Zilchy. In 1837, the Jewish community built a handsome classical-style synagogue entered via a portico whose high pediment is supported by six large Corinthian columns. This is still standing and now is used as a television studio. The Jewish community grew and prospered until the Shoah.

People

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