Östergötland is a one of the
traditional provinces of Sweden
(landskap in Swedish) in
the south of Sweden.
Småland, Västergötland, Närke, Södermanland, and the Baltic Sea.
In older English literature one may also
encounter the Latinized version Ostrogothia
The provinces of Sweden
administrative functions. However, the corresponding administrative
county, Östergötland County covers the entire province and parts of
From 1560 Östergötland was represented with two separate arms until
1884 when the current one was granted. The arms is represented with
a dukal coronet. Blazon: "Gules a Griffin with Dragon Wings, Tail
and Tongue rampant Or armed, beaked, langued and membered Azure
between four Roses Argent."
Typical Östgöta plains
From west to east, in the middle parts, extends the Östgöta Plain
). It is largely agricultural
. In the southern part of the
province, the terrain becomes marked by the south-Swedish highlands
, with hills and countless
lakes. The northern parts are also hilly, and are otherwise
dominated by forests.
Outside the eastern shore of Östergötland lies an archipelago, the
islands and islets of which cover an area of 118 km². The
bay continues further into
the country. Some of the more notable islands are Korsö
and Stora Ålö
Traditionally, the region is divided into two
halves, east and west of the river Stångån, which flows from the south into
lake Roxen at Linköping.
eastern part of Göta Canal traverses
the province from the Baltic
sea at Mem to lake Vättern at Motala.
- Highest mountain: Stenabohöjden 327 meters
- Largest lake: Vättern (Second
largest lake of Sweden)
Cities and the year of their now defunct royal charter
Today, the largest city in the province is Linköping, with
Norrköping second. Skänninge is of virtually no importance; Mjölby and
Åtvidaberg is also small. An additional town without a royal
charter that has emerged in the 20th century is Finspång.
The earliest mention of Östergötland (the Ostrogoths of Scandza
) appears in the Getica
by the Goth
The traditions of Östergötland date back into the viking age
, the undocumented Iron Age
, and earlier, when this region had its own
laws and kings (see Geatish kings
). The region kept its own laws, the
, into the Middle
. Östergötland belonged to the Christian heartland of late
Iron Age and early medieval Sweden. The Sverker
dynasties played pivotal roles in the
The province has about 50,000 ancient remains of different kinds.
1,749 are for instance grave fields.
was formerly most significant in the cities of Norrköping (industries include Ericsson), Linköping (where SAAB have air craft
industries where the Gripen fighter is produced) Finspång (metal works), and Motala (mechanical
Dukes of Östergötland
Swedish Princes have been created Dukes of various provinces. In
English, the title "Duke of Östergötland" is sometimes given as
Duke of Ostrogothia
. This is solely a nominal
Formerly the östgöta [IPA: øɧːøta or
spectrum were considered true göta dialects, but is nowadays
considered being a transition area between true göta dialects and
svea dialects. The dialects are still used in rural areas, but in
the cities, the Standard Swedish is spoken with a certain östgöta
[IPA: øɧːøtska] can be distinguished from
Standard Swedish just by accent and pronunciation of vowels ad sje-
and tje- sounds, which makes Östgöta accent an eastern variety of
accent. In some parts
bordering to Södermanland, a variety of the Svealand
accent is spoken.
Castle, one of the best preserved renaissance castles in Sweden, has belonged to
the families Sture and Banér. Löfstad
Castle has its origin in the early 17th century having
belonged to the von Fersen
family. Vadstena Castle, built by the Vasa
dynasty 1545–1620, is combined fortress and renaissance
Vreta Abbey was the first convent to be established in Sweden,
dating from the early 12th century, while Vadstena Abbey was the dominant convent in Medieval Sweden.
is also the ruins of the Alvastra Abbey near Omberg and Tåkern.
Linköping is the second largest church in Sweden and is very
well-preserved from the Middle Age.
The Göta Canal
crosses the province
with several locks and the Kinda Canal
connects the lakes in the southern parts of the province with the
Övralid Manor was the last home of Nobel
Prize laureate Verner von
several museums in all parts of the province, for example the
Broadcasting Museum and the Motala Motor Museum.
The Hundreds of Sweden
jurisdictional divisions in effect until early 20th century.
- Nordisk Familjebok, see below