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See River Sile for the river in Italy
Síle is also a girl's name in Irish, usually anglicized as Sheila.
Panoramic view on Şile


Şile ( ) is a small holiday town on the Black Seamarker, 70 km from the city of Istanbulmarker, Turkeymarker. In 2000 the population was 32,923, of which 10,571 lived in the town of Şile, and the remainder lived in surrounding villages, including Ağva (Yeşilçay). However, between June and September, the population rapidly increases because of the many residents of Istanbul who have summer houses in Şile.

History

Şile Lighthouse


There has been a fishing village here since 700 BC and a lighthouse since the Ottoman period. Today, Şile is a beach resort, popular with people who want a resort atmosphere without having to go to the expense of travelling to the Mediterranean Seamarker. Şile is about an hour's drive from the city and was always a retreat from the city. During Turkey's economic boom of the 1990s, a great many summer homes and holiday villages were built for the city's middle class, especially after the 1999 earthquake damaged the Marmaramarker coast. There is a small but sandy beach, a little harbour of fishing boats, dense forest behind and a quiet pleasant atmosphere during the week. At weekends though, and especially on a hot summer Sunday Şile is crowded with day-trippers from the poorer districts of the city, who come packed into minibuses and vans to picnic and play football. There are a number of bars and restaurants with sea views, especially in the little park around the lighthouse.

Features

Hüseyin Keçici Mosque


Şile however, is on the northernmost point of Istanbul and thus, shares the same sea conditions as other Black Seamarker towns where strong sea undercurrent can be dangerous to inexperienced swimmers. There is insufficient danger warning and people drown here regularly. The north-facing Black Sea has a much shorter holiday season than the Aegeanmarker, the Mediterranean or even the Marmara, due to the cold winters.

The tomb of a Muslim saint, Kum baba, is on a tree-covered hill above Şile. Along the coast near Şile in the village of Kızılcaköy is a cave said to be the scene of events in the Anabasis of Xenephon, although this is probably untrue.

Şile bezi is a crimpled-looking light see-through cotton fabric, made here on this coast, and sold in many shops in the town, and sent to the bazaars of Istanbul also. There is a fair to promote Şile bezi in the town every summer.

Işık University is located in Şile.

Şile is an ancient Greek word meaning "Wild Flower".

Şile district is famous for its beaches and Şile cloth. Neighbours of Şile are: The boundaries of Şile were expanded by the addition of the village of Esenceli from Beykoz district in 1987. Şile consists of Merkez, Ağva (has a municipality), Yeşilvadi and Teke subdistricts, and 58 villages.

Transport

Şile is a part of Istanbul public transport system (İETT). There is a bus from Harem via Üsküdarmarker (located at the Anatolian side of Istanbul) to Şile (İETT Lines 139 and 139A).

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Şile is twinned with:



External links




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