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The One Hundred Fourth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DCmarker from January 3, 1995 to January 3, 1997, during the third and fourth years of Bill Clinton's presidency. Apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the 1990 United States census. Both chambers had Republican majorities for the first time since the 1950s. Major events included passage of elements of the Contract with America and a budget impasse between Congress and the Clinton Administration that resulted in the Federal government shutdown of 1995.

Major events

  • January 3, 1995: Republicans gained control of both houses for the first time since the 1950s.
  • January 31, 1995: President Clinton invoked emergency powers to extend a $20 billion loan to help Mexico avert financial collapse.
  • May 23, 1995: Oklahoma City bombingmarker
  • August 30, 1995: NATO begins Operation Deliberate Force against Serbs in Bosnia and Herzegovinamarker
  • November 14 – November 19, 1995: U.S. government shutdown
  • December 16, 1995 – January 6, 1996: U.S. government shutdown
  • November 5, 1996: Re-election of President Bill Clinton and Vice President Al Gore; Democrats gained 8 seats in House; Republicans gained 2 seats in Senate.


Major legislation



Party summary

Senate

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Republican Democratic Vacant
End of the previous Congress 44 56 100 0
Begin 53 47 100 0
March 3, 1995 54 46 100 0
October 1, 1995 53 99 1
February 6, 1996 47 100 0
Final voting share 53.0% 47.0%
Beginning of the next Congress 55 45 100 0


House of Representatives

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Republican Democratic Independent Vacant
End of the previous Congress 176 258 1 435 0
Begin 230 204 1 435 0
April 1995 231 203
October 1, 1995 202 434 1
December 15, 1995 203 435 0
February 15, 1996 202 434 1
April 16, 1996 203 435 0
Final voting share 53.1% 46.7% 0.2%
Non-voting members 1 4 0 5 0
Beginning of the next Congress 228 206 1 435 0


Officers

Senate

Office Officer Party State

President of the Senate Al Gore Democratic Tennesseemarker


Majority

Office Officer Party State Notes

President pro tempore Strom Thurmond Republican South Carolinamarker

Majority Leader Bob Dole Kansasmarker Resigned June 11, 1996

Trent Lott Mississippimarker June 12, 1996–end

Majority Whip Trent Lott Mississippimarker Until June 11, 1996

Don Nickles Oklahomamarker June 12, 1996–end


Minority

Office Officer Party State Notes

Minority Leader Tom Daschle Democratic South Dakotamarker

Minority Whip Wendell Ford Kentuckymarker


House of Representatives

Majority

Office Officer Party State

Speaker Newt Gingrich Republican Georgiamarker

Majority Leader Dick Armey Texasmarker

Majority Whip Tom DeLay Texasmarker


Minority

Office Officer Party State

Minority Leader Dick Gephardt Democratic Missourimarker

Minority Whip David Bonior Michiganmarker


Senators' party membership by state.


Members

Skip to House of Representatives, below


Senate

Alabama



Alaska



Arizona



Arkansas



California



Colorado



Connecticut



Delaware



Florida



Georgia



Hawaii



Idaho



Illinois



Indiana



Iowa



Kansas

*Sheila Frahm (R), June 11, 1996 - November 6, 1996
:*Sam Brownback (R), November 6, 1996 - End


Kentucky



Louisiana



Maine



Maryland



Massachusetts



Michigan



Minnesota



Mississippi



Missouri



Montana



Nebraska



Nevada



New Hampshire



New Jersey



New Mexico



New York



North Carolina



North Dakota



Ohio



Oklahoma



Oregon

*Ron Wyden (D), February 6, 1996 - End


Pennsylvania



Rhode Island



South Carolina



South Dakota



Tennessee



Texas



Utah



Vermont



Virginia



Washington



West Virginia



Wisconsin



Wyoming



House of Representatives

Percent of members of the House of Representatives from each party by state.
The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide at-large, are denoted "At-large," and the names of those elected from districts are preceded by their district numbers.

Alabama



Alaska



Arizona



Arkansas



California



Colorado



Connecticut



Delaware



Florida



Georgia



Hawaii



Idaho



Illinois

:Jesse L. Jackson, Jr. (D), December 15, 1995 – End


Indiana



Iowa



Kansas



Kentucky



Louisiana



Maine



Maryland

:Elijah Cummings (D), April 16, 1996 – End

Massachusetts



Michigan



Minnesota



Mississippi



Missouri



Montana



Nebraska



Nevada



New Hampshire



New Jersey



New Mexico



New York



North Carolina



North Dakota



Ohio



Oklahoma



Oregon



Pennsylvania



Rhode Island



South Carolina



South Dakota



Tennessee



Texas



Utah



Vermont



Virginia



Washington



West Virginia



Wisconsin



Wyoming



Non-voting members



Changes in membership

Senate

Date seat became vacant or otherwise affected State

(class)
Previous Reason for change Subsequent Date of successor's taking seat

March 3, 1995 Colorado

(3)
Ben Nighthorse Campbell (D) Changed party Ben Nighthorse Campbell (R) March 3, 1995
October 5, 1995 Oregon

(3)
Bob Packwood (R) Resigned Ron Wyden (D) Seated February 6, 1996
June 11, 1996 Kansas

(3)
Bob Dole (R) Resigned to campaign for the Presidency Sheila Frahm (R) June 11, 1996
November 6, 1996 Kansas

(3)
Sheila Frahm (R) Successor elected Sam Brownback (R) November 6, 1996


House of Representatives

Date seat became vacant District Previous Reason for change Subsequent Date of successor's taking office
April 10, 1995 Georgia 9th Nathan Deal (D) Changed party Nathan Deal (R) April 10, 1995
June 26, 1995 Texas 14th Greg Laughlin (D) Changed party Greg Laughlin (R) June 26, 1995
August 8, 1995 Louisiana 3rd Billy Tauzin (D) Changed party Billy Tauzin (R) August 8, 1995
October 1, 1995 Illinois 2nd Mel Reynolds (D) Resigned Jesse Jackson, Jr. (D) December 15, 1995
November 10, 1995 Mississippi 4th Mike Parker (D) Changed party Mike Parker (R) November 10, 1995
December 1, 1995 Louisiana 7th Jimmy Hayes (D) Changed party Jimmy Hayes (R) December 1, 1995
February 15, 1996 Maryland's 7th Kweisi Mfume (D) Resigned to become CEO of the NAACP Elijah Cummings (D) April 16, 1996


Employees



Senate



House of Representatives



See also

Elections



External links




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