The 106th Infantry Division
was a division
of the United States Army,
formed for service during World War
The division's Headquarters and Headquarters Company was
constituted on paper on 5 May 1942 in the Army of the United States
actually activated on 15 March 1943 at Fort
Carolina with a cadre
from the 80th
Infantry Division. Following Basic and Advanced Infantry
Training, the Division moved on 28 March 1944 to Tennessee to participate in the Second Army #5
- The 422nd and 423rd Infantry Regiments were encircled and cut
off from the remainder of the Division by a junction of enemy
forces in the vicinity of Schonberg. They
regrouped for a counterattack but were blocked by the enemy and
lost to the Division, 18 December 1944. The two Regiments
surrendered to the Germans on 19 December 1944.
rest of the Division, reinforced by the 112th Infantry
Regiment of the 28th Infantry
Division, withdrew over the Our River, and joined other units at Saint Vith on the 20th. They all pulled back from St. Vith on the 21st,
under constant enemy fire, and pulled back over the Saint River at Vielsalm, 23 December
1944. On the 24th, the 424th Regiment, attached to
the 7th Armored
Division, fought a delaying action at Manhay until
ordered to an assembly area. From 25 December 1944 to 9 January 1945,
the Division received reinforcements and supplies at Anthisnes, Belgium, and returned to the struggle, securing
objectives along the Ennal-Logbierme line on the 15th after heavy
fighting. After being pinched out by advancing
divisions, the 106th assembled at Stavelot on the 18th for rehabilitation and training.
to the vicinity of Hunningen, 7 February 1945, for defensive patrols and
training. In March, the 424th advanced along the high ground
between Berk and the Simmer River and was again pinched out at
Olds on 7 March 1945. A period of training
and security patrolling along the Rhine River followed, until 15 March 1945 when the Division
moved to St. Quentin for rehabilitation
and the reconstruction of lost units.
- The division was reconstituted on 16 March 1945 when the
Regiment (the Old Guard) and the 159th Infantry
Regiment were attached to replace the two lost regiments. The
division then moved back to Germany on 25 April 1945, where, for
the remainder of its stay in Europe, the 106th handled POW
enclosures and engaged in occupational duties.
- In the meantime, the 422nd Infantry Regiment and the 423rd
Infantry Regiment were reconstituted from replacements in France on
15 April 1945, were attached to the 66th Infantry
Division in training status, and were still in this status when
the Germans surrendered on 8 May 1945.
At the end of the war the division had seen 63 days of combat. It
had suffered 417 Killed In Action, 1,278 Wounded In Action, and 53
Died Of Wounds. It lost 6,697 personnel taken prisoner. Of that
total, 6,500 POWs were eventually returned to American military
control after being captured in Ardennes-Alsace Campaign
remainder were listed Missing In Action.
to Camp Atterbury, Indiana, on 28 March 1944.
- Staged at Camp Miles Standish, Massachusetts on 10 October 1944.
- Departed Boston Port of
Embarkation on 10 November 1944.
- Arrived in England, 17 November 1944, and trained for 19
- Assigned 29 November 1944 to VIII
Corps, First United States
Army, 12th Army Group.
- Moved to France, 6 December 1944, where the Division entered
the on-going Rhineland
- 106th Infantry Division crossed into Belgium on 10 December
- Relieved from assignment to Rhineland Campaign on 16 December 1944,
and Assigned to Ardennes-Alsace
- Relieved from assignment to VIII Corps, and Assigned 20
December 1944 to XVIII Airborne
Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group, with attachment to the
21st Army Group.
- Relieved from attachment to 21st Army Group on 18 January 1945,
and returned to XVIII Airborne Corps, First Army, 12th Army
- Ardennes-Alsace Campaign terminated 25 January 1945. Division
resumed assignment to Rhineland
- On 6 February 1945, the 106th Infantry Division relieved from
assignment to XVIII Airborne Corps, and assigned to V Corps.
- On 10 March 1945, 106th Division relieved from assignment to V
Corps, and assigned to Fifteenth United States Army,
12th Army Group.
- 106th Infantry Division returned to France on 16 March
- Rhineland Campaign terminated
on 21 March 1945.
- Central Europe Campaign
started on 22 March 1945.
- On 15 April 1945, 106th Infantry Division was attached to the
Advanced Section, Communications Zone. Fifteenth Army directed the
establishment of the Frontier
Command segment of the Occupation of Germany.
- On 23 April 1945, the Frontier Command segment of the German
- 106th Infantry Division entered Germany on 25 April 1945.
- On 8 May 1945, Germany signed its surrender.
- With the termination of the Central Europe Campaign, German
hostilities ceased on 11 May 1945.
Infantry Division was located at Bad Ems, Germany on 14 August 1945.
- 106th Infantry Division returned to New York Port of
Embarkation on 1 October 1945.
- Inactivated 2 October 1945 at Camp
Shanks, New York.
- Headquarters Company allotted 25 March 1948 to the Organized Reserve Corps
- Activated 1 May 1948 at San Juan,
- Inactivated 12 October 1950 at San Juan, Puerto Rico.
Order Of Battle
- HHC, 106th Infantry Division
- 422nd Infantry Regiment.
- 423rd Infantry Regiment.
- 424th Infantry Regiment
- HHB, 106th Division Artillery
- 589th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm)
- 590th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm)
- 591st Field Artillery Battalion (105mm)
- 592nd Field Artillery Battalion (155mm)
- 106th Mechanized Reconnaissance Troop
- Hqs, Special Troops, 106th Infantry Division
- Military Police Platoon, 106th Infantry Division
- 81st Engineer Battalion (Combat)
- 331st Medical Battalion
- 106th Counter Intelligence Corps Detachment
- 806th Ordnance Company (Light Maintenance)
- 106th Quartermaster Company
- 106th Signal Company
|Stanton, Order of Battle, U.
S. Army World War II
- 820th Tank Destroyer Battalion (Self-Propelled)(M-18): 8
December 1944—4 January 1945.
- 444th Anti Aircraft Artillery Battalion (Auto Weapons): 17
December 1944—25 December 1944.
- 563rd Anti Aircraft Artillery Battalion (Auto Weapons): 9
December 1944—18 December 1944.
- 634th Anti Aircraft Artillery Battalion (Auto Weapons): 8
December 1944—18 December 1944.
Campaign Participation Credit
- Rhineland Campaign
- Central Europe
- Distinguished Unit Citations: 1.
- Distinguished Service Cross-6;
- Distinguished Service Medals-1;
- Silver Stars-77;
- Legion of Merit -9;
- Soldiers Medals -26;
- Bronze Star Medals -352;
- Air Medals -10.
Shoulder Sleeve Insignia
- Description. On a blue disc within a white edge, a gold lion's
face all within a red border.
- The blue is for infantry, while the red represents artillery
- The lion's face represents strength and power.