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10th United States Congress: Map

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The Tenth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C.marker from March 4 1807 to March 3 1809, during the seventh and eighth years of Thomas Jefferson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Second Census of the United States in 1800. Both chambers had a Democratic-Republican majority.

Major events



Major legislation



Territories organized



Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

TOTAL members: 34

House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 142

Leadership

Senate



House of Representatives





Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 Senators' terms ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1808; Class 2 Senators' terms began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1810; and Class 3 Senators' terms began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1812.

Connecticut



Delaware



Georgia



Kentucky



Maryland



Massachusetts



New Hampshire



New Jersey



New York



North Carolina



Ohio



Pennsylvania



Rhode Island



South Carolina



Tennessee



Vermont



Virginia





House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide on the general ticket or otherwise at-large, are preceded by an "At-large," and the names of those elected from districts, whether plural or single member, are preceded by their district numbers.

Connecticut

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Delaware



Georgia



Kentucky



Maryland

The 5th district was a plural district with two representatives.

Massachusetts



New Hampshire

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

New Jersey

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

New York

The 2nd and 3rd district was one area with two representatives elected at-large from both.

North Carolina



Ohio



Pennsylvania

There were four plural districts, the 1st, 2nd, & 3rd had three representatives each, the 4th had two representatives.

Rhode Island

Both representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

South Carolina



Tennessee



Vermont



Virginia



Non-voting members



Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate



State Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of Successor's Installation
Georgia
class 2
Abraham Baldwin (DR) Died March 4, 1807 George Jones (DR) Appointed August 27, 1807
Connecticut
class 3
Uriah Tracy (F) Died July 19, 1807 Chauncey Goodrich (F) Seated October 25, 1807
Rhode Island
class 2
James Fenner (DR) Resigned September, 1807 to become Governor of Rhode Island Elisha Mathewson (DR) Seated October 26, 1807
Vermont
class 1
Israel Smith (DR) Resigned October 1, 1807 to become Governor of Vermont Jonathan Robinson (DR) Seated October 10, 1807
Georgia
class 2
George Jones (DR) Successor elected November 7, 1807 William H. Crawford (DR) Seated November 7, 1807
Ohio
class 1
John Smith (DR) Resigned April 25, 1808 Return J. Meigs, Jr. (DR) Seated December 12, 1808
Massachusetts
class 1
John Quincy Adams (F) Resigned June 8, 1808 James Lloyd (F) Seated June 9, 1808
Pennsylvania
class 1
Samuel Maclay (DR) Resigned January 4, 1809 Michael Leib (DR) Seated January 9, 1809


House of Representatives



  • deaths: 4
  • resignations: 5
  • contested election: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 10


District Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of Successor's Installation
Vacant Levi Casey (DR) died before the end of the preceding Congress Joseph Calhoun (DR) Seated June 2, 1807
Vacant James M. Broom (F) resigned before the beginning of this Congress Nicholas Van Dyke (F) Seated October 6, 1807
Barnabas Bidwell (DR) Resigned July 13, 1807 after becoming Attorney General of Massachusetts Ezekiel Bacon (DR) Seated September 16, 1807
John Culpepper (F) Seat declared vacant January 2, 1808 John Culpepper (F) Seated February 23, 1808
Ezra Darby (DR) Died January 27, 1808 Adam Boyd (DR) Seated March 8, 1808
Benjamin Parke
Non-voting Delegate
Resigned March 1, 1808 Jesse B. Thomas
Non-voting Delgate
October 22, 1808
Joseph Clay (DR) Resigned March 28, 1808 Benjamin Say (DR) Seated November 16, 1808
Jacob Crowninshield (DR) Died April 15, 1808 Joseph Story (DR) Seated May 23, 1808
David Thomas (DR) Resigned May 1, 1808 after becoming New York State Treasurer Nathan Wilson (DR) Seated June 3, 1808
James Witherell (DR) Resigned May 1, 1808 after becoming judge of Supreme Court for Michigan Territory Samuel Shaw (DR) Seated September 6, 1808
Nehemiah Knight (DR) Died June 13, 1808 Richard Jackson, Jr. (F) Seated November 11, 1808
John Claiborne (DR) Died October 9, 1808 Thomas Gholson, Jr. (DR) Seated November 7, 1808


Employees



Senate



House of Representatives



References



External links




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