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The One Hundred Tenth United States Congress was the meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, between January 3, 2007, and January 3, 2009, during the last two years of the second term of President George W. Bush. It was composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The apportionment of seats in the House was based on the 2000 U.S. census.

The Democratic Party controlled a majority in both chambers for the first time since the end of the 103rd Congress in 1995. Although the Democrats held fewer than 50 Senate seats, they had an operational majority because the two independent senators caucused with the Democrats for organizational purposes. No Democratic-held seats had fallen to the Republican Party in the 2006 elections. Democrat Nancy Pelosi became the first woman Speaker of the House. The House also received the first Muslims and Buddhists in Congress.

Major events

Members debated initiatives such as the Democrats' 100-Hour Plan and the Iraq War troop surge of 2007.

Support for the Iraq War

Following President Bush's 2007 State of the Union Address, Congress debated his proposal to create a troop surge to increase security in Iraq. The House of Representatives passed a non-binding measure opposing the surge and then a $124 billion emergency spending measure to fund the war, which included language that dictated troop levels and withdrawal schedules. President Bush, however, vetoed the bill as promised, making this his second veto while in office. Both houses of Congress subsequently passed a bill funding the war without timelines, but with benchmarks for the Iraqi government and money for other spending projects like disaster relief.

Other events



Major legislation

Contents: EnactedPending or failedVetoed
These are partial lists of prominent enacted legislation and pending bills.
See also: , Resume of Congressional Activity


Enacted



More information: Public Laws for the 110th Congress and Complete index of Public and Private Laws for 110th Congress at GPO

Proposed, but not enacted

in (alphabetical order)


Vetoed





Treaties ratified

  • 110-1: Land-Based Sources Protocol to Cartagena Convention (September 25, 2008)
  • 110-2: Singapore Treaty on the Law of Trademarks (December 07, 2007)
  • 110-3: Tax Convention with Belgium (December 14, 2007)
  • 110-4: International Convention for Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism (September 25, 2008)
  • 110-6: Amendment to Convention on Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (September 25, 2008)
  • 110-8: Protocols of 2005 to the Convention concerning Safety of Maritime Navigation and to the Protocol concerning Safety of Fixed Platforms on the Continental Shelf (September 25, 2008)
  • 110-9: Protocol of Amendments to Convention on International Hydrographic Organization (July 21, 2008)
  • 110-11: Extradition Treaty with Romania and Protocol to the Treaty on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters with Romania (September 23, 2008)
  • 110-12: Extradition Treaty with Bulgaria and an Agreement on Certain Aspects of Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters with Bulgaria (September 23, 2008)
  • 110-13: International Convention on Control of Harmful Anti-Fouling Systems on Ships, 2001 (September 26, 2008)
  • 110-14: International Convention Against Doping in Sport (July 21, 2008)
  • 110-15: Protocol Amending 1980 Tax Convention with Canada (September 23, 2008)
  • 110-16: Amendments to the Constitution and Convention of the International Telecommunication Union (Geneva, 1992) (September 25, 2008)
  • 110-17: Tax Convention with Iceland (September 23, 2008)
  • 110-18: Tax Convention with Bulgaria with Proposed Protocol of Amendment (September 23, 2008)
  • 110-20: Protocols to the North Atlantic Treaty of 1949 on Accession of Albania and Croatia (September 25, 2008)


Select committees



Hearings



Party summary

Senate

Senators in the 110th Congress


Membership changed with one death and two resignations.

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic Independent Republican Vacant
End of previous Congress 44 1 55 100 0
Begin 49 2 49 100 0
June 4, 2007 48 99 1
June 25, 2007 49 100 0
December 18, 2007 48 99 1
December 31, 2007 49 100 0
November 16, 2008 48 99 1
Final voting share 50.5% 49.5%
Beginning of the next Congress 55 2 41 98 2


House of Representatives

Membership at the beginning of the 110th Congress:

Membership fluctuated with seven deaths and eight resignations. Democrats achieved a net gain of three seats as a result of their victories in special elections. See Changes in membership, below.
Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic Republican Vacant
End of previous Congress 203 229 432 3



Begin 233 202 435 0
February 13, 2007 201 434 1
April 22, 2007 232 433 2
July 1, 2007 231 432 3
July 25, 2007 202 433 2
September 4, 2007 232 434 1
September 5, 2007 201 433 2
October 10, 2007 200 432 3
October 18, 2007 233 433 2
November 26, 2007 199 432 3
December 13, 2007 201 434 1
December 15, 2007 232 433 2
December 31, 2007 200 432 3
January 14, 2008 199 431 4
February 2, 2008 198 430 5
February 11, 2008 231 429 6
March 11, 2008 232 430 5
March 13, 2008 233 431 4
April 10, 2008 234 432 3
May 6, 2008 235 433 2
May 7, 2008 199 434 1
May 20, 2008 236 435 0
May 31, 2008 235 434 1
June 19, 2008 236 435 0
August 20, 2008 235 434 1
November 19, 2008 236 435 0
November 24, 2008 198 434 1
January 2, 2009 235 433 2
Final voting share 54.3% 45.7%
Non-voting members 4 1 5 0
Beginning of next Congress 256 178 434 1


Leadership

Senate



Majority (Democratic) leadership



Minority (Republican) leadership



House of Representatives



Majority (Democratic) leadership



Senators' party membership by state at the opening of the 110th Congress in January 2007

Minority (Republican) leadership



Members



Senate

Alabama



Alaska



Arizona



Arkansas



California



Colorado



Connecticut



Delaware



Florida



Georgia



Hawaii



Idaho



Illinois



Indiana



Iowa



Kansas



Kentucky



Louisiana



Maine



Maryland



Massachusetts



Michigan



Minnesota



Mississippi



Missouri



Montana



Nebraska



Nevada



New Hampshire



New Jersey



New Mexico



New York



North Carolina



North Dakota



Ohio



Oklahoma



Oregon



Pennsylvania



Rhode Island



South Carolina



South Dakota



Tennessee



Texas



Utah



Vermont



Virginia



Washington



West Virginia



Wisconsin



Wyoming



House of Representatives

 for maps of congressional districts.


Initial percentage of members of the House of Representatives from each party by state at the opening of the 110th Congress in January 2007.
Percentage of members of the House of Representatives (as of May 13, 2008) from each party by state.


Alabama

(5-2 Republican)

Alaska

(1 Republican)

Arizona

(4–4 split)

Arkansas

(3-1 Democratic)

California

(34-19 Democratic)

Colorado

(4-3 Democratic)

Connecticut

(4-1 Democratic)

Delaware

(1 Republican)

Florida

(16-9 Republican)

Georgia

(7-6 Republican)

Hawaii

(2 Democrats)

Idaho

(2 Republicans)

Illinois

(10-9 Democratic, then 11-8 Democratic)

Indiana

(5-4 Democratic)

Iowa

(3-2 Democratic)

Kansas

(2–2 split)

Kentucky

(4-2 Republican)

Louisiana

(5-2 Republican, then 4-3 Republican)

Maine

(2 Democrats)

Maryland

(6-2 Democratic)

Massachusetts

(10 Democrats)

Michigan

(9-6 Republican)

Minnesota

(5-3 Democratic)

Mississippi

(2–2 split, then 3-1 Democratic)

Missouri

(5-4 Republican)

Montana

(1 Republican)

Nebraska

(3 Republicans)

Nevada

(2-1 Republican)

New Hampshire

(2 Democrats)

New Jersey

(7-6 Democratic)

New Mexico

(2-1 Republican)

New York

(23-6 Democratic)

North Carolina

(7-6 Democratic)

North Dakota

(1 Democrat)

Ohio

(11-7 Republican)

Oklahoma

(4-1 Republican)

Oregon

(4-1 Democratic)

Pennsylvania

(11-8 Democratic)

Rhode Island

(2 Democrats)

South Carolina

(4-2 Republican)

South Dakota

(1 Democrat)

Tennessee

(5-4 Democratic)

Texas

(19-13 Republican)

Utah

(2-1 Republican)

Vermont

(1 Democrat)

Virginia

(8-3 Republican, then 7-3 Republican)

Washington

(6-3 Democratic)

West Virginia

(2-1 Democratic)

Wisconsin

(5-3 Democratic)

Wyoming

(1 Republican)

Non-voting members



Changes in membership

Senate

There were two deaths and one resignation.

State Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of successor's taking office
Wyoming Craig Thomas (R) Died June 4, 2007 John Barrasso (R) June 22, 2007
Mississippi Trent Lott (R) Resigned December 18, 2007 Roger Wicker (R) December 31, 2007
Illinois Barack Obama (D) Resigned November 16, 2008 to focus on his transition as President-elect of the United States Vacant until the next Congress


House of Representatives

District Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of successor's taking office
Georgia 10th Charlie Norwood (R) Died February 13, 2007 Paul Broun (R) July 25, 2007
California 37th Juanita Millender-McDonald (D) Died April 22, 2007 Laura Richardson (D) September 4, 2007
Massachusetts 5th Marty Meehan (D) Resigned July 1, 2007, to become Chancellor of University of Massachusetts Lowellmarker Niki Tsongas (D) October 18, 2007
Ohio 5th Paul Gillmor (R) Died September 5, 2007 Bob Latta (R) December 13, 2007
Virginia 1st Jo Ann Davis (R) Died October 6, 2007 Rob Wittman (R) December 13, 2007
Illinois 14th Dennis Hastert (R) Resigned November 26, 2007 Bill Foster (D) March 11, 2008
Indiana 7th Julia Carson (D) Died December 15, 2007 André Carson (D) March 13, 2008
Mississippi 1st Roger Wicker (R) Resigned December 31, 2007, when appointed U.S. Senator Travis Childers (D) May 20, 2008
Louisiana 1st Bobby Jindal (R) Resigned January 14, 2008 to become Governor of Louisiana Steve Scalise (R) May 7, 2008
Louisiana 6th Richard Baker (R) Resigned February 2, 2008 to become President of the Managed Funds Association Don Cazayoux (D) May 6, 2008
California 12th Tom Lantos (D) Died February 11, 2008 Jackie Speier (D) April 10, 2008
Maryland 4th Albert Wynn (D) Resigned May 31, 2008, having lost re-nomination Donna Edwards (D) June 19, 2008
Ohio 11th Stephanie Tubbs Jones (D) Died August 20, 2008 Marcia Fudge (D) November 19, 2008
Virginia 11th Thomas M. Davis (R) Resigned November 24, 2008 in advance of his retirement Vacant until the next Congress
Illinois's 5th Rahm Emanuel (D) Resigned January 2, 2009 to become White House Chief of Staff
Puerto Rico Luis Fortuño (R and PNP) Resigned January 2, 2009 to become Governor of Puerto Rico


Employees



Senate



House of Representatives



See also: Rules of the House: "Other officers and officials"

See also

Elections



Membership lists



References

  1. CBS News, Voters Usher Out Republicans
  2. ruthholladay.com - Andre Carson on identity and belief
  3. DAWN (Newspaper)
  4. Leader Staff Dennis Kucinich's Response To President Bush's Speech January 11, 2007 Cleveland Leader. Retrieved January 13, 2007
  5. ;
  6. Senators of the 110th Congress "Lieberman, Joseph I." United States Senate. Retrieved January 8, 2007
  7. Including one Independent who caucused with the Democrats
  8. The Vice President of the United States serves as the President of the Senate. See U.S. Constitution, Article I, Section 3, Clause 4
  9. The Democratic Senate Majority Leader also serves as the Chairman of the Democratic Conference.
  10. Senators of the United States 1789–2007: A Chronological list of Senators from the First Congress to the 111th Congress
  11. Rep. Millender-McDonald Dies of Cancer. Washington Post, April 22, 2007
  12. List of Vacancies, via Clerk.House.gov
  13. , Electing Lula Johnson Davis Secretary for the Majority of the Senate
  14. Election of Clerk of the House and Chief Administrative Officer


External links




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