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The 12 Hours of Sebring is an annual motorsport endurance race held at Sebring International Racewaymarker, a former Army Air Force base in Sebring, Floridamarker.

History

The track opened in 1950 on an airfield and is a road racing course styled after those used in European Grand Prix motor racing. The race is now considered one of the premier endurance races in the United States and is famous for its "once around the clock" action, starting during the day and finishing at night. For many years Sebring was part of the World Sportscar Championship.

The race has a rich history, as legendary drivers such as Mario Andretti, Briggs Cunningham, Juan Manuel Fangio, A.J. Foyt, Jacky Ickx, Stirling Moss and Lake Underwood, and manufacturers such as Ferrarimarker, Porsche, BMW, Jaguar, Cunningham, Audi and Ford have all been victorious.

It is known as an excellent preparation for the famous 24 Hours of Le Mansmarker, as the track's extremely bumpy surface, combined with south-central Florida's perennial hot weather, is a true test of a car's reliability. In recent years, six overall victories have been achieved by the Audi R8, one less than record seven wins of the Porsche 935.

In 2009 Tom Kristensen became the only one who had managed to win the race five times - in 1999, 2000, 2005, 2006 and 2009.

The Event

Fans are allowed to camp inside the green of the race track, starting several days before the actual race. Both general admission and, for a fee, reserved camping exists. RVs and cars are allowed into the track. Fans that show up during the week (and in some cases months before the actual race) can bear witness to many practice and qualification races, as well as a vintage race. There are several classes of tickets, ranging anywhere from full-access to simply the (usually Saturday) actual race. The tickets are numbered, and there are designated numbered tickets needed to access pit areas, press and spectator boxes, and certain parts of the track.

Within the track is a Midway, containing everything from souvenirs and official merchandise, to hot coffee and cold beer. Attractions are also featured in the midway and differ from year to year; In recent years Spring Break attractions have been set up to draw in college students on break during the week of the race. Radio promotions for the race are not uncommon to hear in Florida weeks before the race, advertising to both race fans and spring breakers.

Recent results

In 2005, the Chevrolet Corvette C6.R and Aston Martin DBR9 made their race debut in the hotly contested GT1 class, with Aston Martin winning its class for the first time in 49 years at Sebring ahead of the two Corvettes. Corvette had dominated the class the past three years with its previous generation C5R.

The all-new Audi R10 TDI won the 2006 edition of the race, the car's first ever run in competition. The victory set the stage for an even more momentous win by the R10 in its next race, the Le Mans 24 Hoursmarker later in the year. The much-hyped Porsche RS Spyder campaigned by Penske Racing dropped to take 2nd place in its LMP2 class, behind the Intersport Lola car. The GT1 Corvette C6R team got their revenge against the Aston Martin, although the second Corvette came within 1/3 of a second of the podium in the closing laps of the race.

2007 saw Audi again winning in the R10 TDI despite requiring more frequent refueling due to changes in American Le Mans series rules intended to even the field between gasoline and diesel powered engines. In addition to an overall win, Audi also set a track record in 2007 with Marco Werner behind the wheel in qualifying.

Overall Winners

Year Drivers Team Car Distance Championship
1952 Harry Gray
Larry Kulok
Stuart Donaldson Frazer-Nash Le Mans 1213.445 km American Automobile Association
1953 Phil Walters
John Fitch
Briggs Cunningham Cunningham C4R-Chrysler 1447.766 km World Sportscar Championship
1954 Stirling Moss
Bill Lloyd
Briggs Cunningham O.S.C.A. MT4 1405.923 km World Sportscar Championship
1955 Mike Hawthorn
Phil Walters
Briggs Cunningham Jaguar D-Type 1523.083 km World Sportscar Championship
1956 Juan Manuel Fangio
Eugenio Castellotti
Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 860 Monza 1623.506 km World Sportscar Championship
1957 Jean Behra
Juan Manuel Fangio
Maseratimarker Maserati 450S 1648.612 km World Sportscar Championship
1958 Phil Hill
Peter Collins
Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 250 TR58 1673.718 km World Sportscar Championship
1959 Dan Gurney
Chuck Daigh
Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 250 TR59 Fantuzzi 1573.295 km World Sportscar Championship
1960 Hans Herrmann
Olivier Gendebien
Joakim Bonnier Porsche 718RS 1640.243 km World Sportscar Championship
1961 Phil Hill
Olivier Gendebien
SpA Ferrari SEFAC Ferrari 250 TRI/61 1740.666 km World Sportscar Championship
1962 Joakim Bonnier
Lucien Bianchi
Scuderia SSS Republica di Venezia Ferrari 250 TRI/61 1723.929 km World Sportscar Championship
1963 John Surtees
Ludovico Scarfiotti
SpA Ferrari SEFAC Ferrari 250P 1749.035 km World Sportscar Championship
1964 Mike Parkes
Umberto Maglioli
SpA Ferrari SEFAC Ferrari 275P 1790.878 km World Sportscar Championship
1965 Jim Hall
Hap Sharp
Chaparral Cars Inc. Chaparral 2-Chevrolet 1640.243 km World Sportscar Championship
1966 Ken Miles
Lloyd Ruby
Shelby American Inc. Ford X1 Roadster 1908.038 km World Sportscar Championship
1967 Bruce McLaren
Mario Andretti
Ford Motor Company Ford GT40 MkIV 1991.724 km World Sportscar Championship
1968 Jo Siffert
Hans Herrmann
Porsche Automobile Company Porsche 907 1983.356 km World Sportscar Championship
1969 Jacky Ickx
Jackie Oliver
J.W. Automotive Engineering Ford GT40 MkII 2000.093 km World Sportscar Championship
1970 Ignazio Giunti
Nino Vaccarella
Mario Andretti

SpA Ferrari SEFAC Ferrari 512S 2075.410 km World Sportscar Championship
1971 Vic Elford
Gérard Larrousse
Martini Racing Porsche 917K 2175.833 km World Sportscar Championship
1972 Mario Andretti
Jacky Ickx
SpA Ferrari SEFAC Ferrari 312PB 2167.465 km World Sportscar Championship
1973 Hurley Haywood
Peter Gregg
Dave Helmick

Dave Helmick Porsche Carrera RSR 1891.301 km IMSA GT Championship
1974 No race due to energy crisis
1975 Brian Redman
Allan Moffat
BMW Motorsport BMW 3.0 CSL 1991.724 km IMSA GT Championship
1976 Al Holbert
Mike Keyser
Holbert Porsche-Audi Porsche Carrera RSR 1924.775 km IMSA GT Championship
1977 George Dyer
Brad Frisselle
George Dyer Porsche Carrera RSR 1958.450 km IMSA GT Championship
1978 Brian Redman
Charles Mendez
Bob Garretson

Dick Barbour Racing Porsche 935 2008.461 km IMSA GT Championship
1979 Bob Akin
Rob McFarlin
Roy Woods

Dick Barbour Racing Porsche 935 2000.093 km IMSA GT Championship
1980 John Fitzpatrick
Dick Barbour
Dick Barbour Racing Porsche 935 K3 2117.253 km IMSA GT Championship
1981 Bruce Leven
Hurley Haywood
Al Holbert

Bayside Disposal Racing Porsche 935/80 2050.304 km IMSA GT Championship
World Sportscar Championship
1982 John Paul, Sr.
John Paul, Jr.
JLP Racing Porsche 935 JLP-3 2041.936 km IMSA GT Championship
1983 Wayne Baker
Jim Mullen
Kees Nierop

Personalized Autohaus Porsche 934 1765.853 km IMSA GT Championship
1984 Mauricio de Narvaez
Hans Heyer
Stefan Johansson

De Narvaez Enterprises Porsche 935J 2057.031 km IMSA GT Championship
1985 A. J. Foyt
Bob Wollek
Preston Henn Porsche 962 2197.817 km IMSA GT Championship
1986 Hans-Joachim Stuck
Jo Gartner
Bob Akin

Bob Akin Motor Racing Porsche 962 2244.745 km IMSA GT Championship
1987 Jochen Mass
Bobby Rahal
Bayside Disposal Racing Porsche 962 1971.092 km IMSA GT Championship
1988 Klaus Ludwig
Hans-Joachim Stuck
Bayside Disposal Racing Porsche 962 2103.380 km IMSA GT Championship
1989 Geoff Brabham
Chip Robinson
Arie Luyendyk

Electramotive Engineering Nissan GTP ZX-Turbo 2182.753 km IMSA GT Championship
1990 Derek Daly
Bob Earl
Nissan Performance Technology Nissan GTP ZX-Turbo 1990.936 km IMSA GT Championship
1991 Derek Daly
Geoff Brabham
Gary Brabham

Nissan Performance Technology Nissan NPT-90 1774.463 km IMSA GT Championship
1992 Juan Manuel Fangio II
Andy Wallace
All American Racers Eagle MkIII-Toyota 2143.646 km IMSA GT Championship
1993 Juan Manuel Fangio II
Andy Wallace
All American Racers Eagle MkIII-Toyota 1369.552 km IMSA GT Championship
1994 Steve Millen
Johnny O'Connell
John Morton

Clayton Cunningham Racing Nissan 300ZX 1947.145 km IMSA GT Championship
1995 Andy Evans
Fermín Vélez
Eric van de Poele

Scandia Motorsports Ferrari 333 SP 1548.189 km IMSA GT Championship
1996 Wayne Taylor
Jim Pace
Eric van de Poele

Doyle Racing Riley & Scott Mk III-Oldsmobile 1935.075 km IMSA GT Championship
1997 Andy Evans
Fermín Vélez
Yannick Dalmas
Stefan Johansson


Team Scandia Ferrari 333 SP 1628.012 km IMSA GT Championship
1998 Didier Theys
Gianpiero Moretti
Mauro Baldi

MOMO Doran Racing Ferrari 333 SP 1925.178 km IMSA GT Championship
1999 Tom Kristensen
JJ Lehto
Jörg Müller

BMW Motorsport BMW V12 LMR 1863.781 km American Le Mans Series
2000 Frank Biela
Tom Kristensen
Emanuele Pirro

Audi Sport North America Audi R8 2143.646 km American Le Mans Series
2001 Rinaldo Capello
Michele Alboreto
Laurent Aïello

Audi Sport North America Audi R8 2203.192 km American Le Mans Series
European Le Mans Series
2002 Rinaldo Capello
Christian Pescatori
Johnny Herbert

Audi Sport North America Audi R8 2060.282 km American Le Mans Series
2003 Frank Biela
Marco Werner
Philipp Peter

Infineon Team Joest Audi R8 2185.328 km American Le Mans Series
2004 Allan McNish
Frank Biela
Pierre Kaffer

Audi Sport UK Team Veloqx Audi R8 2084.101 km American Le Mans Series
2005 JJ Lehto
Marco Werner
Tom Kristensen

ADT Champion Racing Audi R8 2149.601 km American Le Mans Series
2006 Tom Kristensen
Allan McNish
Rinaldo Capello

Audi Sport North America Audi R10 TDI
(Diesel)
2078.145 km American Le Mans Series
2007 Frank Biela
Emanuele Pirro
Marco Werner

Audi Sport North America Audi R10 TDI
(Diesel)
2165.8 km American Le Mans Series
2008 Timo Bernhard
Romain Dumas
Emmanuel Collard

Penske Racing Porsche RS Spyder 2088.45 km American Le Mans Series
2009 Tom Kristensen
Allan McNish
Rinaldo Capello

Audi Sport Team Joest Audi R15 TDI
(Diesel)
2278.85 km‡ American Le Mans Series


† - These races were stopped for a period of time due to heavy rain and/or accidents. The race clock was not stopped for these periods and counted towards the 12 Hours.

‡ - Race record for most distance covered

References



External links




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