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12th United States Congress: Map

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The Twelfth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C.marker from March 4, 1811 to March 3, 1813, during the third and fourth years of James Madison's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Second Census of the United States in 1800. Both chambers had a Democratic-Republican majority.

Major events



Major legislation

States admitted and territories organized



Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

TOTAL members: 36

House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 143

Leadership

Senate



House of Representatives



Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election.. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1814; Class 2 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1816; and Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1812

Connecticut


Delaware


Georgia


Kentucky


Louisiana


Maryland


Massachusetts


New Hampshire


New Jersey


New York


North Carolina


Ohio


Pennsylvania


Rhode Island


South Carolina


Tennessee


Vermont


Virginia


House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide on the general ticket or otherwise at-large, are preceded by an "A/L," and the names of those elected from districts, whether plural or single member, are preceded by their district numbers.

Connecticut
All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Delaware


Georgia
All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Kentucky


Louisiana


Maryland
The 5th district was a plural district with two representatives.

Massachusetts


New Hampshire
All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

New Jersey
All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

New York
There were two plural districts, the 2nd & 6th each had two representatives.

North Carolina


Ohio


Pennsylvania
There were four plural districts, the 1st, 2nd, & 3rd had three representatives each, the 4th had two representatives.

Rhode Island
Both representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

South Carolina


Tennessee


Vermont


Virginia


Delegates

Illinois Territory


Indiana Territory


Mississippi Territory


Missouri Territory


Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

  • replacements: 1
  • deaths: 0
  • resignations: 4
  • interim appointments: 1
  • seats of newly admitted states: 2
  • vacancies:1
  • Total seats with changes: 6


State Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of Successor's Installation
Massachusetts
class 2
Vacant Vacancy in term Joseph B. Varnum (DR) Seated June 29, 1811
Rhode Island
class 1
Christopher G. Champlin (F) Resigned October 2, 1811 William Hunter (F) Seated October 28, 1811
Tennessee
class 2
Jenkin Whiteside (DR) Resigned October 8, 1811 George W. Campbell (DR) Appointed October 8, 1811
Louisiana
class 2
New seats Louisiana was admitted to the Union on April 30, 1812 Jean Noel Destréhan (DR) Installed September 3, 1812
Louisiana
class 3
Allan B. Magruder (DR)
Louisiana
class 2
Jean N. Destréhan (DR) Resigned October 1, 1812 Thomas Posey (DR) Appointed October 8, 1812
Louisiana
class 2
Thomas Posey (DR) Successor chosen February 4, 1813 James Brown (DR) Seated February 5, 1813


House of Representatives

  • replacements: 3
  • deaths: 2
  • resignations: 5
  • contested election: 1
  • seats of newly admitted states: 1
  • vacancies: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 10


District Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of Successor's Installation
John Montgomery (DR) Resigned April 29, 1811 after being appointed Attorney General of Maryland Stevenson Archer (DR) Seated October 26, 1811
Joseph B. Varnum (DR) Resigned June 29, 1811 after being elected to U.S. Senate William M. Richardson (DR) Seated November 4, 1811
John Hungerford (DR) Lost contested election November 29, 1811 John Taliaferro (DR) Seated November 29, 1811
Barzillai Gannett (DR) Resigned in 1812 Francis Carr (DR) Seated April 6, 1812
Thomas Blount (DR) Died February 7, 1812 William Kennedy (DR) Seated January 30, 1813
New seat Louisiana was admitted to the Union on April 30, 1812 Thomas B. Robertson (DR) Seated April 30, 1812
Robert Le Roy Livingston (F) Resigned May 6, 1812 Thomas P. Grosvenor (F) Seated January 29, 1813
Howell Cobb (DR) Resigned prior to October, 1812 William Barnett (DR) Seated October 5, 1812
Vacant Territory delegate seat established Edward Hempstead
Non-voting Delgate
Seated November 9, 1812
Vacant Territory delegate seat established Shadrach Bond
Non-voting Delgate
Seated December 3, 1812
John Smilie (DR) Died December 30, 1812 Vacant Not filled for remainder of term


Officers



Senate



House of Representatives



References



External links




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