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The Fourteenth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in the Old Brick Capitol in Washington, D.C.marker from March 4, 1815 to March 3, 1817, during the seventh and eighth years of James Madison's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Third Census of the United States in 1810. Both chambers had a Democratic-Republican majority.

Major events

Major legislation



States admitted and territories organized



Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

TOTAL members: 38

House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 183

Leadership

Senate



House of Representatives



Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1820; Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1816; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1818.

Connecticut



Delaware



Georgia

* George Troup (DR)


Indiana



Kentucky

* Martin D. Hardin (F)


Louisiana



Maryland

* Alexander C. Hanson (F)


Massachusetts

* Eli P. Ashmun (F)


New Hampshire



New Jersey



New York



North Carolina

* Montfort Stokes (DR), installed December 4, 1816
  • 3. Vacant, until December 13, 1815
* Nathaniel Macon (DR), installed December 13, 1815


Ohio



Pennsylvania



Rhode Island



South Carolina

* William Smith (DR)


Tennessee

* John Williams (DR)


Vermont



Virginia

* Armistead T. Mason (DR), installed January 3, 1816


House of Representatives

Connecticut

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Delaware

Both representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Georgia

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.
* Zadock Cook (DR)


Indiana



Kentucky

* Thomas Fletcher (DR)


Louisiana



Maryland

The 5th district was a plural district with two representatives.
* George Peter (F)
* Samuel Smith (DR)
* Peter Little (DR)


Massachusetts

* Benjamin Adams (F)


New Hampshire

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

New Jersey

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

New York

There were six plural districts, the 1st, 2nd, 12th, 15th, 20th & 21st, each had two representatives.
* James W. Wilkin (DR)
* Erastus Root (DR)
* Daniel Avery (DR)
* Archibald S. Clarke (DR)


North Carolina

* Charles Hooks (DR)
* Weldon N. Edwards (DR)
* Samuel Dickens (DR)


Ohio

* William Henry Harrison (DR)


Pennsylvania

There were six plural districts, the 2nd, 3rd, 5th, 6th & 10th had two representatives each, the 1st had four representatives.

* John Sergeant (F)
* Thomas Burnside (DR)
* William P. Maclay (DR)


Rhode Island

Both representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

South Carolina

* Stephen D. Miller (DR)


Tennessee

* William G. Blount (DR)


Vermont

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Virginia

* John Kerr (DR)
* Thomas M. Nelson (DR)
* John Tyler (DR)


Non-voting members

* Nathaniel Pope
* John Scott, August 6, 1816 – January 13, 1817


Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

  • replacements: 6
  • deaths: 0
  • resignations: 7
  • interim appointment: 1
  • seats of newly admitted states 2
  • Total seats with changes: 12
State Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of Successor's Installation
Tennessee
class 1
Vacant George W. Campbell (DR) Took seat October 10, 1815
Maryland
class 1
Vacant Elected March 4, 1815, but delayed installation Robert G. Harper (F) Took seat January, 1816
Virginia
class 2
Vacant Resignation of William B. Giles from previous congress Armistead T. Mason (DR) Took seat January 3, 1816
Tennessee
class 2
Jesse Wharton (DR) Successor elected October 10, 1815. Wharton was appointed in previous term to fill remaining term of George W. Campbell. John Williams (DR) Seated October 10, 1815
North Carolina
class 3
Francis Locke Resigned December 5, 1815, having never qualified Nathaniel Macon (DR) Seated December 13, 1815
Kentucky
class 2
William T. Barry (DR) Resigned May 1, 1816 after being appointed to a judicial position Martin D. Hardin (F) Seated November 13, 1816
Massachusetts
class 1
Christopher Gore (F) Resigned May 30, 1816 Eli P. Ashmun (F) Seated June 12, 1816
South Carolina
class 2
John Taylor (DR) Resigned November, 1816 William Smith (DR) Seated December 4, 1816
Georgia
class 2
William W. Bibb (DR) Resigned November 9, 1816 after being appointed Governor of Alabama Territorymarker George Troup (DR) Seated November 13, 1816
North Carolina
class 2
James Turner (DR) Resigned November 21, 1816 due to ill health Montfort Stokes (DR) Seated December 4, 1816
Maryland
class 1
Robert G. Harper (F) Resigned December, 1816 Alexander C. Hanson (F) Seated December 20, 1816
Indiana
class 1
New seats Indiana was admitted to the Union on December 11, 1816 James Noble (DR) Seated December 11, 1816
Indiana
class 3
Waller Taylor (DR)


House of Representatives

  • replacements: 15
  • deaths: 9
  • resignations: 16
  • contested election: 2
  • seats of newly admitted states: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 27
District Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of Successor's Installation
Vacant death of Benjamin Pond from previous Congress Asa Adgate (DR) Seated June 7, 1815
Vacant Amos Ellmaker declined to serve James M. Wallace (DR) Seated October 10, 1815
Vacant seat declared vacant by the governor, “caused by the acceptance of Henry Clay to sign a commercial convention as Minister Plenipotentiary to Great Britain Henry Clay (DR) Elected to fill his own vacancy October 30, 1815
Vacant William S. Smith presented credentials, but election was contested Westel Willoughby, Jr. (DR) Successfully contested election December 13, 1815
Vacant John Adams presented credentials, but election was contested Erastus Root (DR) Successfully contested election December 26, 1815
Nicholas R. Moore (DR) Resigned in 1815 before convening of Congress Samuel Smith (DR) Seated January 31, 1816
Jonathan Fisk (DR) Resigned in March, 1815 James W. Wilkin (DR) Seated June 7, 1815
David Bard (DR) Died March 12, 1815 Thomas Burnside (DR) Seated October 10, 1815
Jonathan Williams (DR) Died May 6, 1815 John Sergeant (F) Seated October 10, 1815
Matthew Clay (DR) Died May 27, 1815 John Kerr (DR) Seated October 30, 1815
John Sevier (DR) Died September 24, 1815 William G. Blount (DR) Seated December 8, 1815
Nathaniel Macon (DR) Resigned December 13, 1815 after being elected to the U.S. Senate Weldon N. Edwards (DR) Seated February 7, 1816
Alexander C. Hanson (F) Resigned in 1816 George Peter (F) Seated October 7, 1816
John McLean (DR) Resigned in 1816 William Henry Harrison (DR) Seated October 8, 1816
Peter B. Porter (DR) Resigned January 23, 1816 Archibald S. Clarke (DR) Seated December 2, 1816
Elijah Brigham (F) Died February 22, 1816 Benjamin Adams (F) Seated December 2, 1816
Thomas Burnside (DR) Resigned April, 1816 William P. Maclay (DR) Seated October 8, 1816
Richard Stanford (DR) Died April 9, 1816 Samuel Dickens (DR) Seated December 2, 1816
William Pinkney (DR) Resigned April 18, 1816 to accept position as Minister Plenipotentiary to Russia Peter Little (DR) Seated September 2, 1816
Enos T. Throop (DR) Resigned June 4, 1816 Daniel Avery (DR) Seated September 30, 1816
Thomas Gholson, Jr. (DR) Died July 4, 1816 Thomas M. Nelson (DR) Seated December 4, 1816
James Clark (DR) Resigned August, 1816 Thomas Fletcher (DR) Seated December 2, 1816
Rufus Easton Served until August 5, 1816 John Scott Seated August 6, 1816
Benjamin Stephenson Term ended September 3, 1816 Nathaniel Pope Seated September 5, 1816
John Clopton (DR) Died September 11, 1816 John Tyler (DR) Seated December 17, 1816
William Mayrant (DR) Resigned October 21, 1816 Stephen D. Miller (DR) Seated January 2, 1817
William R. King (DR) Resigned November 4, 1816 Charles Hooks (DR) Seated December 2, 1816
Alfred Cuthbert (DR) Resigned November 9, 1816 Zadock Cook (DR) Seated December 2, 1816
Jonathan Jennings Indiana was admitted to the Union on December 11, 1816 District eliminated upon achieving statehood District eliminated
New seat Indiana was admitted to the Union on December 11, 1816 William Hendricks (DR) Seated December 11, 1816
John Scott Election declared illegal and the seat vacant January 13, 1817 Vacant Vacant for remainder of term


Employees



Senate



House of Representatives



References



External links




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