As a means of recording the passage of time
the 14th century
was the century
which lasted from 1301
- Black Death kills around a third of
the population of Europe. (1347–1351).
- Mid-14th century – Bottle, from Syria, is
made. It is now kept at Freer Gallery of
Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington,
Battle of Lake Poyang, a naval
conflict between Chinese rebel groups
led by Chen Youliang and Zhu Yuanzhang, took place in August to October
of 1363, and was one of the largest naval battles in
end of Mongol Yuan Dynasty in China and the
beginning of the Ming
heresy of Lollardy rises in England
- The Great Schism of the West
begins in 1378, eventually leading to 3
- An account of Buddha's life,
translated earlier into Greek by St
John of Damascus and widely circulated to Christians as the story of Barlaam and Josaphat, became so popular Buddha (under
the name Josaphat) was made a Catholic
- Singapore emerges for the first time as a fortified city and
trading centre of some importance.
- Reunification of Poland under
Ladislaus I of Poland
- Ciompi Revolt
- Peasants' Revolt in
- Islam reaches Terengganu, on the Malay
Hausa found several city-states in the south of modern Niger.
- The Mali Empire expands westward and
- The poet Petrarch coins the term
Dark Ages to describe the preceding 900
years in Europe, beginning with the fall of the Western Roman
Empire in 476 through to the renewal
embodied in the Renaissance.
- The Scots win the Scottish Wars of
- Union of Krewo
between Poland and Lithuania.
begins on the Great Enclosure at Great Zimbabwe, built of un-cemented, dressed stone. The
city's population is now between 10,000 and 40,000.
- Beginning of the Renaissance in
English word "abacus" used to describe the
calculating device from China.
- Wang Dayuan, the
first Chinese to sail into the
Mediterranean while visiting Egypt and North Africa from 1334 to
Kalmar Union is established in 1397, uniting Norway, Sweden and Denmark into one kingdom.
- Foundation of Tenochtitlan, Aztec
capital city, in the valley of Mexico.
- Iwan vault, Jamé Mosque
of Isfahan, Isfahan, Persia (Iran), is
- Louis the Great of Hungary
(king: 1342–1382) King of Hungary, Croatia, Dalmatia, Jerusalem,
Sicily and Poland from 1370. He led campaigns From Lithuania to
Southern Italy, From Poland to Northern Greece. He had the greatest
military potential of the century with his enormous armies.(Often
over 100,000 men)
- Osman I (1258–1326, Osman Gazi or
Osman Bey or I.Osman or Osman Sayed II)
leader of the Ottoman Turks, founder
of the dynasty that established and ruled the Ottoman Empire.*
- Giotto di Bondone, Italian
painter of the late Middle Ages, early Renaissance (c. 1267–1337)
- Simone Martini, Italian painter
of the late Middle Ages, early Renaissance 1284
– c. 1344
II (1284–1327?) of
Caernarfon, was King of
England from 1307 until he was deposed in January 1327.
- Charles IV, King of Bohemia, one of most powerful man in
- Robert the Bruce, King of Scotland, victor in the First War of Scottish
Independence against invasion by the Kingdom of England (1274–1329).
- David II of Scotland
(1324–1371) King of Scots, son of King Robert the Bruce by his second wife,
Elizabeth de Burgh (d.
was born at Dunfermline Palace, Fife.
- Joan of the Tower aka Joan of
England (1321–1362), was
the first wife and Queen consort of David II of Scotland. She was born at the
London and was the youngest daughter of Edward II of England and Isabella of France.
- Juan Manuel, Duke of
Penafiel, Spanish author (1282–1349).
- William of Ockham, English
Franciscan friar and philosopher (c. 1285–1347).
- Charles V (1338–1380), called the
Wise, was King of
France from 1364 to his death and a member of the House of Valois.
- Charles I of Hungary,
military, diplomatic and financial reformer, restoring the Kingdom of Hungary to power (1288–1342).
- Chen Youliang, Chinese rebel
leader and arch nemesis to Zhu
Yuanzhang (aka Emperor Hongwu)
- Isabella of France, queen
consort and regent of the Kingdom of
England (c. 1295–1358).
- Roger de Mortimer, 1st Earl
of March (1287–1330),
an English nobleman, was for three years de facto ruler of
leading a successful rebellion against Edward II.
- Richard II (1367–1400) was the King of England from 1377 until he was deposed in 1399.
- Ibn Battuta, Berber Muslim traveler
- Jiao Yu, Chinese general and author of
the Huolongjing military
- Liu Ji, a Chinese general,
court advisor, philosopher, and co-editor of the Huolongjing
- Casimir III of Poland,
expansionist and financial reformer (1310–1370).
- Edward III, King of
England. His claim to the throne of France resulted in the
Hundred Years' War (1312–1377).
- Edward, the Black
Prince or Edward of Woodstock, Prince of Wales, KG (1330–1376), was the eldest son of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault, and father to
King Richard II of
- Timur, Central Asian warlord and founder
of the Timurid Dynasty (1336–1405).
- Mansa Musa (d. 1347), King of the Mali
Empire while it was the source of almost half the world's
Emperor, founder of the Ming Dynasty in China (1328–1398)
Inventions, discoveries, introductions
Decades and years