One hundred (and) fifty-three is the natural
number following
one hundred fifty-two
and preceding
one hundred
fifty-four.
As a
triangular number, it is the
sum of the first 17 integers, and also the sum of the first five
positive
factorials. It is also a
hexagonal number. It is also one of six
known truncated triangle numbers, meaning 1, 15, and 153 are all
triangle numbers
The distinct prime factors of 153 add up to 20, and so do the ones
of 154, hence the two form a
Ruth-Aaron
pair.
Another interesting feature of the number 153 is that it's the
limit of the following algorithm:
- Take a random positive integer,
divisible by three.
- Split that number into its base 10 digits.
- Take the sum of their cubes.
- Go to the second step.
An example, starting with the number
84:
\begin{align}8^3 + 4^3 &=& 512 + 64 &=& 576\\5^3 +
7^3 + 6^3 &=& 125 + 343 + 216 &=& 684\\6^3 + 8^3 +
4^3 &=& 216 + 512 + 64 &=& 792\\7^3 + 9^3 + 2^3
&=& 343 + 729 + 8 &=& 1080\\1^3 + 0^3 + 8^3 + 0^3
&=& 1 + 0 + 512 + 0 &=& 513\\5^3 + 1^3 + 3^3
&=& 125 + 1 + 27 &=& 153\\1^3 + 5^3 + 3^3
&=& 1 + 125 + 27 &=& 153\end{align}
Evagrius Ponticus considered 153
to represent a harmonization of contrasts, since 153 =
100 +
28 +
25, with 100 a
square, 28 a
triangle and 25 a
circle.
Since 153 = 1^3 + 5^3 + 3^3, it is a 3-
narcissistic number, and it is a
Friedman number since 153 = 3 * 51.
It is a
Harshad number in base
10.
153 can also be written as 1!+2!+3!+4!+5!.
In the Bible
The
Gospel of John (21:1-14) includes
the narrative of the
Miraculous catch of 153
fish as the third appearance of Jesus after his
resurrection.. The precision of the
number of fish in this narrative has long been considered peculiar,
and many scholars, throughout history, have argued that 153 has
some deeper significance.
Jerome, for
example, wrote that
Oppian's
Halieutica listed 153 species of fish. St. Louis-Marie de
Montfort, in his fifth method of saying the Rosary, considers that
the number 153 was foreshadowing of the number of
Hail Marys in the Rosary:"its fruitfulness as
shown in the net that St. Peter by order of Our Lord threw into the
sea and which though filled with 153 [representing 153 Hail Marys
in the Rosary] fish did not break."
[54084]
The fact that
the measure of the fish was known to include
153, as one of its two numbers, and that the
measure of
how many fish the disciples are said to have caught is also 153,
has not gone unnoticed by many scholars , with some suggesting that
the number of fish in the New Testament episode is simply down to
being the most familiar large number to the writer, or a deliberate
reference to the geometric nomenclature as a sort of
in-joke. A story was told of Pythagoras by
Iamblichus, then
Porphyry describing how Pythagoras
correctly predicted the amount of fish caught by fishermen. Neither
Iamblichus or Porphyry's accounts describe a miraculous catch nor
specify the number of fish caught and the Gospel accounts make no
mention of Jesus predicting the number of fish caught. Some
scholars have argued that the entire Biblical episode is a coded
reference to a geometric diagram, since
Pythagoreanism saw geometry and numbers as
having deep esoteric meaning, and via
Hermeticism (and more minor routes) it was
profoundly influential in the development of Hellenic
mystery religion, and in certain
aspects of
gnosticism, an early belief
system with disputed origins. The number 153 has several curious
mathematical properties.
Scholars regarding the unnamed
Beloved
Disciple as
Mary Magdalene have
noted that in Greek
gematria her epithet "η
Μαγδαληνή" (h Magdalhnh) bears the number 153, thus revealing the
identity of the Gospel's author.
In the military
In sports
In transportation
- Arizona
State Route 153 was a state highway in Maricopa
County in Phoenix, Arizona
- Connecticut Route
153 runs from Westbrook to Essex
- K-153,
part of a western bypass in McPherson, Kansas
- M-153, also known as Ford Road, is
a state highway route that
runs from Ann
Arbor to Detroit in Michigan
- Missouri Route 153 runs from U.S. Route 60
Kennett
- New York
State Route 153 runs from Penfield to Perinton
- Ohio State Route
153 runs from Canton to Homeworth
- Oklahoma State Highway 153 in
Love
County
- Oregon Route
153 runs from Bellevue to Hopewell
- Virginia Route 153 runs
from U.S. Route 460 to U.S. Route 360
- Wisconsin
Highway 153 runs from Spencer to Tigerton
- Quebec Route 153
runs from Yamachiche to Lac-aux-Sables
- Route 153 in Prince County, Prince Edward Island, Canada runs between
Tignish and Alberton
- National Route
153 is a national
highway of Japan connecting
Higashi-ku,
Nagoya and Shiojiri, Nagano in Japan
- Malaysia Federal Route
153
- British Rail Class 153 is
a single-car diesel multiple
unit train
- Caledonian Airways Flight 153
from Douala
International Airport, Douala, Cameroon crashed on March 4, 1962
- The Peugeot Type 153 car,
produced between 1913 and 1925
- Yemenia Flight 626 Carrying 153 passengers crashes in Indian Ocean on
Monday, June 29, 2009
- 153rd Street station on Metra's SouthWest Service in Orland
Park, Illinois
In radio
In TV
In other fields
153 is also:
- The year AD 153 or 153
BC
- 153 AH is a year in the Islamic calendar that corresponds to
769 – 770 CE
- 153P/Ikeya-Zhang is a comet discovered in 2002
- 153 Hilda is a large asteroid in the outer Main
belt with a dark surface
- Any five consecutive months in the Gregorian calendar which do not include
February total 153 days. For example:
March (31), April (30),
May (31), June (30), and July (31) total 153
days
- The number of fish taken out of the Tiberias Sea by some of the
Apostles during Jesus' third apparition
after the resurrection. See Catch of
153 fish, the biblical narrative of Gospel of John chapter
21, Verse 11
- The original price, in US
Dollars, of the diet pill Leptoprin,
marketed by the slogan "When is a diet
pill worth $153 a bottle?"
- The ordinal number of the coat of arms of Komi Republic
in the State Heraldic
Register of the Russian Federation
- The number of combined Arabic and Persian Hidden Words in the Bahá'í Faith.
- The atomic number of an element
temporarily called Unpenttrium
- Swaziland ranks #153 in world population
- Fayiz
Ahmad Yahia Suleiman, a citizen of Yemen held in
detention at Guantanamo Bay is
detainee ID number is 153
- Sonnet 153
- 153 is the U.S. Bureau of Transportation
Statistics' world area code for Nicaragua
- The frequency of the longwave
transmitters Donebach, Ingoy and Brasov in kilohertz
See also
153 is equal to the sum of the cubes of its digits:1^3 + 5^3 + 3^3
= 1 + 125 + 27 = 153.
References
- Wells, D. The Penguin Dictionary of Curious and Interesting
Numbers London: Penguin Group. (1987): 140 - 141
External links