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1600s in Canada: Map


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Events from the 1600s in Canadamarker.


  • 1602: Francoise Marie Jacqueline de la Tour is the first European woman to make a home in Acadia.

  • 1604-06: Mattieu da Costa travels with the Champlain expedition to Port Royalmarker. He serves as an interpreter between the French and the Micmac Indians of the area.

  • 1605-07: The Europeans are welcomed by Mi'kmaq Grand Chief Membertou, who converts to Catholicism, makes a wampum-belt treaty with the Vaticanmarker.

  • 1608: Champlain allies himself with the Algonquians and with the Hurons, who are amenable to missionary activities and acts as the principal suppliers of furs. This alliance, however, antagonizes the Iroquoian Confederacy, traditional rivals of the Huron and suppliers of furs to the Dutch in New Amsterdam.

  • July 3, 1608: Quebec Citymarker is established as a fur post by Champlain and French colonists, creating in effect the first permanent European settlement.

  • 1609: The settlement of Quebec owes much to Samuel de Champlain, an explorer hired by the sieur de Monts, who became the foremost champion of French colonization.

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