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16th United States Congress: Map

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The Sixteenth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C.marker from March 4, 1819 to March 3, 1821, during the third and fourth years of James Monroe's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Third Census of the United States in 1810. Both chambers had a Democratic-Republican majority.



Major events



Major legislation



States admitted and territories created



Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

TOTAL members: 46

House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 186

Leadership

Senate



House of Representatives



Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1820; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1822; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1824.

Alabama



Connecticut



Delaware



Georgia



Illinois



Indiana



Kentucky



Louisiana



Maine



Maryland



Massachusetts



Mississippi



New Hampshire



New Jersey



New York



North Carolina



Ohio



Pennsylvania



Rhode Island



South Carolina



Tennessee



Vermont



Virginia



House of Representatives

Alabama



Connecticut

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Delaware

Both representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Georgia

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Illinois



Indiana



Kentucky



Louisiana



Maine



Maryland

The 5th district was a plural district with two representatives.

Massachusetts



Mississippi



New Hampshire

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

New Jersey

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

New York

There were six plural districts, the 1st, 2nd, 12th, 15th, 20th & 21st, each had two representatives.

North Carolina



Ohio



Pennsylvania

There were six plural districts, the 2nd, 3rd, 5th, 6th & 10th had two representatives each, the 1st had four representatives.

Rhode Island

Both representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

South Carolina



Tennessee



Vermont

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Virginia



Non-voting members



Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of this Congress.

Senate

There were 5 resignations, 2 deaths, 2 vacancies before the Congress, and 4 new seats. The Democratic-Republicans had an 7 seat net gain and the Federalists had a 1 seat net loss.

State Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of Successor's Installation
Georgia

class 2
Vacant John Forsyth had resigned before the beginning of the Congress. Freeman Walker (DR) Elected November 6, 1819
Kentucky

class 3
Vacant John J. Crittenden had resigned before the beginning of the Congress. Richard M. Johnson (DR) Elected December 10, 1819
Alabama

class 2
New seats Alabama was admitted to the Union. John W. Walker (DR) Elected December 14, 1819
Alabama

class 3
William R. King (DR) Elected December 14, 1819
Maine

class 2
Maine was admitted to the Union. John Holmes (F) Elected June 13, 1820
Maine

class 1
John Chandler (DR) Elected June 14, 1820
Maryland

class 1
Alexander C. Hanson (F) Died April 23, 1819 William Pinkney (DR) Elected December 21, 1819
Virginia

class 2
John W. Eppes (DR) Resigned December 4, 1819 James Pleasants (DR) Elected December 10, 1819
Massachusetts

class 1
Prentiss Mellen (F) Resigned May 15, 1820 Elijah H. Mills (F) Elected June 12, 1820
Mississippi

class 1
Walter Leake (DR) Resigned May 15, 1820 David Holmes (DR) Appointed August 30, 1820
Kentucky

class 2
William Logan (DR) Resigned May 28, 1820 to run for Governor of Kentucky Isham Talbot (DR) Elected October 19, 1820
Rhode Island

class 2
James Burrill, Jr. (F) Died December 25, 1820 Nehemiah R. Knight (DR) Elected January 9, 1821
New Jersey

class 1
James J. Wilson (DR) Resigned January 8, 1821 Samuel L. Southard (DR) Appointed January 26, 1821


House of Representatives

There were 13 resignations, 5 deaths, 2 contested elections, and 2 new seats. The Democratic-Republicans had a 3 seat net loss and the Federalists had no net change.
District Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of successor's taking office
Vacant Hutchins G. Burton (DR) Seated December 6, 1819
New seat Alabama was admitted to the Union. John Crowell (DR) Seated December 14, 1819
Vacant Contested election. Representative-elect Ebenezer Sage never qualified. James Guyon, Jr. (DR) Seated January 14, 1820
New seat Mainemarker was admitted to the Union. Joseph Dane (F) Seated December 11, 1820
John Condit (DR) Resigned November 4, 1819 Charles Kinsey (DR) Seated February 16, 1820
James Pleasants (DR) Resigned December 14, 1819 William S. Archer (F) Seated January 18, 1820
Orsamus C. Merrill (DR) Contested election, served until January 12, 1820 Rollin C. Mallary (DR) Seated January 13, 1820
James Johnson (DR) Resigned February 1, 1820 John C. Gray (DR) Seated November 13, 1820
George F. Strother (DR) Resigned February 10, 1820 Thomas L. Moore (DR) Seated November 13, 1820
David Walker (DR) Died March 1, 1820 Francis Johnson (DR) Seated November 13, 1820
John Holmes (DR) Resigned March 15, 1820 to become U.S. Senator from Maine. Vacant Seat lost to Maine
Jonathan Mason (F) Resigned May 15, 1820 Benjamin Gorham (DR) Seated November 27, 1820
David Fullerton (DR) Resigned May 15, 1820 Thomas G. McCullough (F) Seated November 13, 1820
Edward Dowse (DR) Resigned May 26, 1820 William Eustis (DR) Seated November 13, 1820
Tunstall Quarles (DR) Resigned June 15, 1820 Thomas Montgomery (DR) Seated November 13, 1820
Zabdiel Sampson (DR) Resigned July 26, 1820 Aaron Hobart (DR) Seated December 18, 1820
James Pindall (F) Resigned July 26, 1820 Edward B. Jackson (DR) Seated November 13, 1820
Joseph Hiester (DR) Resigned December 1820 Daniel Udree (DR) Seated January 8, 1821
Nathaniel Hazard (DR) Died December 17, 1820 Vacant Not filled in this Congress
Jesse Slocumb (F) Died December 20, 1820 William S. Blackledge (DR) Seated February 7, 1821
John Linn (DR) Died January 5, 1821 Vacant Not filled in this Congress
Willard Hall (DR) Resigned January 22, 1821 Vacant Not filled in this Congress
William A. Burwell (DR) Died February 16, 1821 Vacant Not filled in this Congress


Officers



Senate



House of Representatives



References



External links




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