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Year 1712 (MDCCXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). Year 1712 of the Swedish calendar was a double leap year starting on Monday, see February 30 below.

Events of 1712

January–June

  • January 26Tuscarora War: More than half of the Native Americans in Colonel John Barnwell's Carolina militia desert during the crossing of the Cape Fear Rivermarker.
  • January 29 – Tuscarora War: Colonel John Barnwell's Carolina militia attack the sprawling Tuscarora farming community of Torhunta by focusing on Fort Narhantes. Many Tuscarora captives are enslaved.
  • February 4 – Tuscarora War: The Carolina militia burns Torhunta and heads north towards Chief Hancock's forces.
  • February 5 – Tuscarora War: Due to severe desertion by Native American troops, Colonel John Barnwell's militia changes course and heads towards Bathmarker.
  • February 6 – Tuscarora War: The Carolina militia burns the abandoned Tuscarora village of Chunaneets.
  • February 11 – Tuscarora War: The Carolina militia of Native Americans and settlers from the South Carolinamarker portion of the Province of Carolina arrive at Bath.
  • February 27 – Tuscarora War: The Carolina militia leaves Fort Reading on the Pamlico River to attack the Tuscarora stronghold of Catechna.
  • February 30 – Sweden temporarily adopts February 30 as a day to adjust the Swedish Calendar closer to the Julian calendar.
  • March 1 – Tuscarora War: The Carolina militia, strengthened by settlers and Native Americans from the North Carolinamarker portion of the Province of Carolina, arrive at the Tuscaroran stronghold of Catechna to find it deserted.
  • March 5 – Tuscarora War: The Carolina militia attacks a Tuscaroran fort on the banks of Contentea Creek opposite Catechna. The attack fails and the 2 sides agree to a temporary truce.
  • March 6 – Tuscarora War: Colonel John Barnwell's militia leaves Catechna for New Bernmarker, the North Carolina portion of the Province of Carolina, after agreeing to meet with the Chief Hancock of the Tuscarora on March 19 for peace negotiations.
  • March 19 – Tuscarora War: Scheduled peace negotiations between the Tuscarora and the Province of Carolina fail when the Tuscarora fail to send a representative to the meeting. Colonel John Barnwell's forces begin building Fort Barnwell on the Neuse Rivermarker near Contentea Creek.
  • April – A black insurrection takes place in New York Citymarker; 21 blacks are executed after the militia suppresses the rebellion.
  • April 1 – Tuscarora War: Governor Edward Hyde of the North Carolina portion of the Province of Carolina notifies Colonel John Barnwell that reinforcements and supplies are en route to Fort Barnwell.
  • April 7 – Tuscarora War: The Carolina militia lays siege to Hancock's Fort on Contentea Creek without waiting for reinforcements.
  • April 17 – Tuscarora War: The siege of Hancock's Fort ends when the Tuscarora garrison agrees to a conditional surrender. The North Carolina government censures Colonel John Barnwell and relieves him of his command for failing to obey orders. Tuscarora attacks increase in the coming months.
  • June – Tuscarora War: An agent from the North Carolina portion of the Province of Carolina asks the provincial government in Charles Town, South Carolinamarker for 1,000 troops under the command of a commander other than Colonel John Barnwell to fight the Tuscarora and their allies. The request is granted.


July–December

  • July 24Battle of Denain: The French defeat a combined Dutch-Austrian force.
  • September 9 – Tuscarora War: Thomas Pollock becomes acting governor of the North Carolina portion of the Province of Carolina after Governor Edward Hyde succumbs to yellow fever. The new governor assumes control over the Carolina militia in the continuing war against the Tuscarora.
  • November 25 – Tuscarora War: Although acting governor of North Carolina Thomas Pollock knows Colonel James Moore's South Carolina militia is en route to attack the Tuscarora, he meets with Chief Tom Blunt of the Tuscarora and representatives of several other tribes to discuss a peace treaty. Chief Blunt agrees to capture and deliver fellow Tuscarora Chief Hancock to the North Carolinians in exchange for an end to hostilities. He follows through on the deal and Chief Hancock is executed.
  • December 9Battle of Gadebuschmarker: Sweden defeats Denmark and Saxony.


Undated



Ongoing events



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