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Year 1755 (MDCCLV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1755



  • July 9French and Indian WarBraddock Expedition: Britishmarker troops and colonial militiamen are ambushed and suffer a devastating defeat inflicted by Frenchmarker and Indian forces. During the battle, British General Edward Braddock is mortally wounded. Colonel George Washington survives.
  • July 17 – In a convoy of ships from Great Britainmarker, returning to Indiamarker for the East India Company, the lead ship Dodington wrecks at Port Elizabethmarker, losing a chest of gold coins from Robert Clive, worth L33,000. In 1998, 1,400 coins are offered for sale, and in 2002 a portion is given to the South African government.
  • July 25 – The decision to deport the Acadians is made during meetings of the Nova Scotia Council meeting in Halifax. From September 1755 to June 1763 the vast majority of Acadians are deported to one of the following British Colonies in America: Massachusetts, Connecticut, New York, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, North and South Carolina and Georgia. Contrary to popular belief, no Acadians are sent to Louisiana. Those sent to Virginia are refused and then sent on to Liverpool, Bristol, Southampton and Penn-ryn (Falmouth) in England. In 1758 the Fortress of Louisbourg falls and all of the civilian population of Isle Royal (Cape Breton Island) and Isle St. Jean (Prince Edward Island) are repatriated to France. Among them were several thousand Acadians who had escaped the deportation by fleeing into those areas. Very few Acadians successfully escape the deportation and do so only by fleeing into some of the northern sections of present day New Brunswick. The event inspires Longfellow to write the epic poem Evangeline.
  • August – The Great Expulsion of the Acadians begins.
  • November 11755 Lisbon earthquakemarker: In Portugalmarker, Lisbonmarker is destroyed by a massive earthquake and tsunami, killing 60,000–90,000 people.
  • November 18 – An earthquakemarker occurs in the vicinity of Cape Annmarker, Massachusettsmarker, causing extensive damage.
[[Image:Plymouth-England-Eddystone-Lighthouse-2-wooden-1709-1755-free.gif|thumb|180px|right| December 2:Eddystonemarkerfire.]]


Ongoing events


See also :Category: 1755 births.


See also :Category: 1755 deaths.


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