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The 17th/21st Lancers was a cavalry regiment of the British Army from 1922 to 1993.

It was formed in 1922 in England by the amalgamation of the 17th Lancers and the 21st Lancers . From 1930 to 1939 it was deployed overseas; first in Egypt for two years, and then in India for seven. In 1938 the regiment was mechanised.

On the outbreak of war, the regiment immediately transferred back to the UK, acting under 1st Motor Machine Gun Brigade in the summer of 1940, and then under 26th Armoured Brigade in 6th Armoured Division later in the year. A group of personnel from the regiment were detached in December to form the cadre of the 24th Lancers.

In November 1942, the division was deployed to Tunisia after Operation Torchmarker. Now equipped with Valentine tanks, the regiment saw action for some time, including taking heavy losses defending Thala in the Battle of the Kasserine Passmarker in February 1943 - all but twelve tanks were put out of action. After this the regiment was withdrawn, and equipped with M4 Sherman tanks. In April, an attempt to take the Fondouk Pass again put most of the regiment out of action.

The 6th Armoured Division deployed to Italy in March 1944, and fought to breach the Gustav Line. The regiment advanced to the Gothic Line, and spent the winter there - at points, serving as infantry rather than as an armoured unit, due to the static nature of the trench warfare there. After the final breakthrough in 1945, the regiment ended the war in Austria.

In 1946, the regiment was posted to Greece on internal security duties. In 1947 it deployed to the Suez Canal Zonemarker and re-equipped as an armoured car regiment, and then to Palestine in 1948.

During the Cold War period, the regiment spent about half its time as an armoured unit in the British Army of the Rhine; it was also deployed to various overseas locations including Hong Kong. The regiment also undertook deployments to Northern Irelandmarker, both as an armoured car unit and as dismounted infantry.

In 1993, with the reductions in forces after the end of the Cold War, the regiment was amalgamated with the 16th/5th Lancers to form the Queen's Royal Lancers.

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