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The United States Census of 1800 was the second Census conducted in the United Statesmarker. It was conducted on August 4, 1800.

It showed that 5,308,483 people were living in the United States of which 893,602 were slaves. The 1800 Census included the new District of Columbiamarker. The census for the following states were lost: Georgiamarker, Kentuckymarker, New Jerseymarker, Tennesseemarker, and Virginiamarker. The 1800 census contains the following information in columns, left to right:

  1. Name of the head of family
  2. # of free white males under age 10
  3. # of free white males age 10-16
  4. # of free white males age 16-26
  5. # of free white males age 26-45
  6. # of free white males over age 45
  7. # of free white females under age 10
  8. # of free white females age 10-16
  9. # of free white females age 16-26
  10. # of free white females age 26-45
  11. # of free white females over age 45
  12. # of all other free persons
  13. # of slaves

This census is one of the several for which some of the original data are no longer available. Original census returns for Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Jersey, Tennessee, and Virginia were lost over the years.

Data availability

No microdata from the 1800 population census are available, but aggregate data for small areas, together with compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System.


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