) was a common year starting on
(link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar
(or a common year starting on
of the 12-day slower Julian
Events of 1845
- July 4 – Near Concord,
Massachusetts, Henry David
Thoreau embarks on a 2-year experiment in simple living at
Pond (see Walden).
- July 20 – Charles Sturt enters the Simpson
Desert in central Australia.
- August 9 – The Aberdeen Act is signed.
- August 28 – The journal Scientific American begins
- September 25 – The Phi Alpha Literary Society is
- October 9 – The eminent and
controversial Anglican, John Henry Newman, is received into the
Roman Catholic Church.
- October 10 – In
Maryland, the Naval School (later renamed the United
States Naval Academy) opens with 50 midshipmen students and 7
- October 13 – A
majority of voters in the Republic of
Texas approve a proposed constitution, that if accepted by the
United States Congress, will
make Texas a U.S. state.
- October 21 – The New York Herald becomes the first
newspaper to mention the game of baseball.
- October 22 – The New York Morning
News becomes the first newspaper to include a box-score of a
- November 20 –
Vuelta de Obligado: The Argentine
Confederation is narrowly defeated by an Anglo-French fleet on the
waters of the Paraná
- December 2 – Manifest Destiny: U.S. President James K. Polk announces
to Congress that the Monroe Doctrine
should be strictly enforced and that the United States should aggressively expand into the
- December 5 – The
Templars of Honor and
Temperance is founded in the United States.
- December 6 – Alpha Sigma Phi Fraternity is founded.
22–December 23 – Battle of Ferozeshah: British forces defeat Sikhs in Punjab.
- December 27 –
Anesthesia is used for childbirth for the
first time (Dr. Crawford Long in
- December 27 - American journalist
John L. Sullivan claims in a newspaper article that
the United States have a "Manifest
Destiny" to expand their borders. It's the second time he
uses the term and it will have a huge influence on the American
imperialistic movement of the 19th century.
- December 29 –
Texas is admitted as the 28th U.S.
- December 30 –
Queen's Colleges of
Belfast, Cork, and Galway are incorporated in Ireland.
Republic of Yucatán separates for a second time from Mexico.
- Ephraim Bee reveals that the Emperor
of China has given him a special dispensation; that he has
entrusted him with certain sacred and mysterious rituals through
Caleb Cushing, the U.S. Commissioner to China, to "extend the work
and influence of the Ancient and Honorable Order of E Clampus Vitus" in the new world.
- In the United States
Magazine and Democratic Review editor John L.
O'Sullivan declares that foreign powers
are trying to prevent American annexation of Texas in order to
impede "the fullfillment of our manifest destiny to overspread the
continent allotted by Providence for the free development of our
yearly multiplying millions".
- Elizabeth Barret
Browning writes the Sonnets from the Portuguese.
- Frederick Douglass publishes
his autobiography about slavery.
- February 14 – Quintin Hogg, British philanthropist
- February 15 – Elihu Root, American statesman and diplomat,
recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
- February 25 – George Reid, fourth
Prime Minister of
Australia (d. 1918)
- March 3 – Georg
Cantor, German mathematician (d. 1918)
- March 10 – Emperor Alexander III of Russia (d. 1894)
- March 20 – Victor Child Villiers,
7th Earl of Jersey, 18th Governor of New South Wales (d.
- March 27 – Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, German
physicist, Nobel Prize
laureate (d. 1923)
- April 24 – Carl Spitteler, Swiss writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1924)
- May 12 – Gabriel Fauré, French composer (d.
- May 16 – Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov, Russian
microbiologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology
or Medicine (d. 1916)
- May 17 – Jacint Verdaguer, Catalan poet (d. 1902)
- May 25 – Eugène Grasset, Swiss-born artist (d.
- May 30 – King Amadeo I of Spain (d. 1890)
- June 7 – Leopold
Auer, Hungarian violinist and composer (d. 1930)
- June 16 – Heinrich Dressel, German archaeologist (d.
- June 18 – Charles Louis Alphonse
Laveran, French physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology
or Medicine (d. 1922)
- July 4 – Thomas John Barnardo, Irish
philanthropist (d. 1905)
- July 18 – Tristan Corbière, French poet (d.
- July 19 – Horatio Nelson Young, American naval
hero (d. 1913)
- August 10 – Abay Qunanbayuli, Kazakh poet (d. 1904)
- August 19 – Edmond James de Rothschild,
French philanthropist (d. 1934)
- August 25 – King Ludwig II of Bavaria (d. 1886)
- October 21 – William McKendree Carleton,
American poet (d. 1912) (pneumonia)
- November 3 – Edward Douglass White, 9th Chief Justice of the United
States (d. 1921)
- November 4 –
Vasudev Balwant Phadke,
Indian revolutionary (d. 1883)
- November 10 – John Sparrow David Thompson,
Prime Minister of Canada
- December 9 – Joel Chandler Harris, American writer (d. 1908)
- February 13 – Henrik Steffens, Norwegian philosopher (b.
- March 18 – Johnny Appleseed, pioneer (b. 1774)
- March 19 – Seku
Amadu, founder of the Fula Massina Empire (b. 1773)
- April 10 – Dr. Thomas Sewall, American anatomist (b. 1786)
- May 12 – János Batsányi, Hungarian poet (b.
- May 15 – Braulio Carrillo Colina, Costa Rican
Head of State (b. 1800)
- June 4 – Lasse-Maja, notorious Swedish criminal (b.
- June 8 – Andrew
Jackson, 7th President of the United
States (b. 1767)
- July 12
- July 17 – Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey,
Prime Minister of
the United Kingdom (b. 1764)
- August 23 – Rafael Urdaneta, hero of the Latin American
War of Independence (b. 1788)
- October 12 – Elizabeth Fry, British humanitarian (b.
- October 26 – Lady Nairne, Scottish songwriter
- date unknown