) was a common year starting on
(link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar
(or a common year starting on
of the 12-day slower Julian
Events of 1859
- July – Count Camillo Benso
di Cavour resigns.
- July 1 – The first
intercollegiate baseball game is played,
between Amherst and Williams
- July 8
- July 11 – The chimes
Ben ring for the first time in London.
- July 11 – By the preliminary treaty
signed at Villafranca, Italy, Lombardy is
ceded to the French (who immediately cede it to Sardinia), while
the Austrians keep Venetia and the
French promise to restore the Central Italian rulers expelled in
the course of the war. This brings the Austro-Sardinian War effectively to a
- July 30 – Grand Combin, one of the highest summits in the Alps, is first
- August 16 – The Tuscan National
Assembly formally deposes the House of
Habsburg-Lorraine; ending an ascendancy of 109 years.
- August 27 –
Edwin Drake drills the first oil well in the United States, near Titusville, Pennsylvania, starting the Pennsylvanian oil rush.
- August 28 – September 2 – The solar storm of 1859, the largest
geomagnetic solar storm on record, causes the Northern lights aurora to be visible as far south as Cuba
and knocks out telegraph communication.
(This is also called the Carrington event).
(Carrington is the first known person to observe solar flares, due to this storm. This is also
the first major solar radiation storm to be recorded, according to
Dr. Phillip C. Plait (Phil Plait) in his latest book:
- October 16 –
John Brown raids the
Harpers Ferry Armory in
Ferry, Virginia, in an unsuccessful bid to spark a general slave
- October 18 – Troops under Colonel Robert E. Lee overpower Brown at the Federal arsenal.
- October 26 – The
Charter is wrecked on the coast of Anglesey, Wales with 454
- November 1 – The
current Cape Lookout, North
Carolina, lighthouse is lighted for the first time (its
first-order Fresnel lens can be seen
for 19 miles).
- November 10 – The Treaty of Zürich, reaffirming the
terms of Villafranca, brings
the Austro-Sardinian War to an
- November 24 – The French Navy's
La Gloire ("Glory"), the first
ocean-going ironclad warship in history, is launched.
- November 24 –
British naturalist Charles
Darwin publishes The
Origin of Species, a book which argues that species gradually evolve
through natural selection (it
immediately sells out its initial print run).
- December 2 –
Militant abolitionist leader John Brown is hanged for his
October 16 raid on Harpers
Ferry, West Virginia.
- December 4 – The Mekteb-i Mülkiye School is founded in
the Ottoman Empire.
- December 10 – The
Municipal de Manila is founded.
- January 11 – Lord George Nathaniel Curzon, British
statesman and Viceroy of India (d.
- January 27 – Wilhelm II of Germany, last Emperor of
Germany and King of
Prussia (d. 1941)
- February 1 – Henry Miller, stage actor &
producer (d. 1926)
- February 1 – Victor Herbert, Irish-born composer
(Babes In Toyland) (d. 1924)
- February 3 – Hugo Junkers, German industrialist and aircraft
designer (d. 1935)
- February 6 – Elias Disney, American farmer and father of
Walt Disney (d. 1941)
- February 14 – Henry Valentine Knaggs, English
physician and author (d. 1954)
- February 16 – George Washington Gale
Ferris, Jr., inventor of the Ferris
wheel (d. 1896)
- February 19 – Svante Arrhenius, Swedish chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1927)
- February 28 – Florian Cajori, Swiss historian of
mathematics (d. 1930)
- March 2 – Sholom Aleichem, Ukrainian Yiddish novelist
- March 4 – Alexander Stepanovich Popov,
Russian physicist (d. 1905)
- March 8 – Kenneth Grahame, English author (d. 1932)
- March 12 – Abraham H. Cannon, American Mormon apostle (d.
- March 26 – Alfred Edward Housman, English poet
- April 8 – Edmund Husserl, Austrian philosopher (d.
- May 15 – Pierre
Curie, French physicist, Nobel Prize
laureate (d. 1906)
- May 22 – Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Scottish
writer (d. 1930)
- June 21 – Henry Ossawa Tanner, American artist (d.
- July 6 – Verner von Heidenstam, Swedish writer,
Nobel Prize laureate (d.
- July 11 (June 29
Julian Calendar) – Peter Verigin, Doukhobor leader (d. 1924)
- August 4 – Knut
Hamsun, Norwegian author, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1952)
- August 18 – Anna Ancher, Dansk painter (d. 1935)
- September 3 – Jean Jaurès, French socialist (d. 1914)
- September 16 – Yuan Shikai, Chinese dictator (d. 1916)
- September 18 – Lincoln Loy McCandless, Hawaiian
politician and rancher (d. 1940)
- October 9 –
Dreyfus, French military officer (d. 1935)
- October 18 – Henri Bergson, French philosopher, recipient
of the Nobel Prize in
Literature (d. 1941)
- October 20 – John Dewey, American philosopher, psychologist,
and educator (d. 1952)
- October 21 – Francesc Macià, President of the Catalan
Generalitat (d. 1933)
- November 14 – Alexandru Averescu, Romanian soldier and
politician (d. 1938)
- November 19 – Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov, Russian
composer (d. 1935)
- November 23 – Billy the Kid, American outlaw (d. July 14,
- December 2 – Georges Seurat, French painter (d. 1891)
- December 15 – L. L. Zamenhof, Russo-Polish initiator of Esperanto
- December 17 – Paul César Helleu, French artist (d.
- date unknown
- July 8 – King Oscar I of Sweden and Norway (b. 1799)
- August 2 – Horace Mann, American educator and abolitionist
- August 4 – John
Vianney, French Saint known as the Cure de Ars (b. 1786)
- August 15 – Nathaniel Claiborne, U.S. politician (b.
- August 28 – Leigh Hunt, British critic and essayist (b.
- September 15 – Isambard Kingdom Brunel, British
engineer (b. 1806)
- September 28 – Carl Ritter, German geographer (b. 1779)
- October 4 – Karl Baedeker, German author and publisher (b.
- October 22 – Louis Spohr, German violinist and composer (b.
- November 28 – Washington Irving, American author (b.
- December 2 – John Brown, American abolitionist
(hanged) (b. 1800)
- December 8 – Thomas de Quincey, English writer (b.
- December 16 – Wilhelm Grimm, German children's writer (b.
- date unknown – Abderrahmane, Sultan of Morocco (b. 1778)
- http://html.rincondelvago.com/venezuela_4.html Problemas
Limítrofes de Venezuela (In Spanish)