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1871: Map

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Year 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1871

January–March



April–June



July–September



October–December



Undated

  • The provinces of Alsacemarker and Lorraine are transferred from France to Germany.
  • British trade unions are legalized.
  • Heinrich Schliemann begins the excavation of Troymarker.
  • Japanmarker forms its own nationwide police force based on the French model.
  • George Biddell Airy discovers that astronomical aberration is independent of the local medium.
  • William M. Tweed serves his last year as the "Boss" of the Tammany Hall political machine in New Yorkmarker.
  • The South Improvement Company is formed by John D. Rockefeller and a group of major railroad interests in an early effort to organize and control the petroleum industry in the U.S.A.
  • The Harvard Summer School is founded.
  • The Constitution of the German Empire abolishes all restrictions on Jewish marriage, choice of occupation, place of residence, and property ownership. Exclusion from government employment and discrimination in social relations remain in effect.
  • The Ameican minister to Chinamarker takes five warships to attempt to "open up" Koreamarker, but his forces leave after exchanges of fire result in 250 Koreans dying and the Korean government still unwilling to make any concessions.
  • Virginiamarker adopts a new Constitution, taking into account of, among other things, all of the counties that had left Virginia in 1863 to form the new non-slave state of West Virginiamarker and became a new state of the United States, with all of the rights and privileges thereof. This exiting of one state to form a new one has never been done otherwise without the permission / consent of the Legislature of the one involved, as was done in the cases of Vermontmarker, Kentuckymarker, and Mainemarker.


Births

January–June



July–December



Deaths

January–June



July–December




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