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1890s: Map


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The 1890s were sometimes referred to as the "Mauve Decade," because William Henry Perkin's aniline dye allowed the widespread use of that colour in fashion, and also as the "Gay Nineties", under the then-current usage of the word "gay" which referred simply to merriment and frivolity, with no connotation of homosexuality as in present-day usage. The phrase, "The Gay Nineties," was not coined until 1926. This decade was also part of the Gilded Age, a phrase coined by Mark Twain, alluding to the seemingly profitable era that was riddled with crime. In Americamarker, the 1890s were marked by a severe economic depression sparked by the Panic of 1893, as well as several strikes in the industrial workforce.

Events and trends



  • Commercial production of automobiles began and was at an early stage.
  • Lawrence Hargrave makes first stable wing design for heavier-than-air craft.


War, peace and politics

Culture, religion

Literature and arts



World leaders

  1. Nasser-al-Din Shah, 1848–1896
  2. Mozzafar-al-Din Shah, 1896–1907

Important people



Books about the 1890s

See also

External links

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