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1902 Rose Bowl: Map

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Originally titled the "Tournament East-West football game," what is now known as the Rose Bowl Gamemarker was first played on 1 January 1902, starting the tradition of New Year's Day bowl games.

The inaugural game featured Fielding Yost's dominating 1901 Michigan Wolverines football team, representing the East, who crushed a previously 3-1-2 team from Stanford Universitymarker, representing the West, by a score of 49-0 after Stanford captain Ralph Fisher requested to quit with eight minutes remaining. Michigan finished the season 11-0-0 and was considered the national champion. Yost had been Stanford's coach the previous year.

Organization of the game

The Tournament of Roses Parade began in 1890 as a New Year's Day tradition in the City of Pasadena. The city boosters were exploring a way to bring in tourism and money to the area. The Tournament of Roses Association president, James Wagner, guaranteed $3,500 to cover the expenses of bringing the football teams of the University of Michigan and Stanford University to Pasadena to play. The admission price was 50 cents to $1 to see the game. An additional $1 would be charged to admit a family's horse and buggy to the grounds. The game would be played in Tournament Park, where temporary stands would be built.

Tournament Park

The very first Rose Bowl Game
Before the Rose Bowl stadiummarker was built for the 1923 Rose Bowl Game, games were played in Pasadena's Tournament Parkmarker, approximately three miles southeast of the current stadium.

Tournament Park is now a private park maintained by the California Institute of Technologymarker in Pasadena, Californiamarker. It was simply known as the "town lot" before being renamed Tournament Park in 1900.

Teams

Stanford had played the Olympic Clubmarker and Reliance Club twice, beating and tying each. They beat Nevada 12-0, then lost to Cal in the eleventh Big Game 0-2.

The 1901 Michigan Wolverines football team was nicknamed the "Point-a-minute team" when they came to Pasadena to play the game. The Wolverines had racked up 501 points while allowing their opponents no points at all. The 49 points they scored in the 1902 Rose Bowl game brought their season total to 550 to 0.

Game summary

  • The playing field was 110 yards long
  • Touchdowns counted five points, field goals five, and conversions one
  • The game was divided into two thirty minute halves
  • A team had to make five yards in three downs to make a first down
  • Forward passes were not allowed
  • Substitutions were used infrequently, as 11 men usually played the entire game
  • The game ended with eight minutes remaining on the clock upon request of Stanford captain Ralph Fisher and by agreement with Michigan team captain Hugh White.


Scoring

First half

  • Michigan – Neil Snow 5-yard run (Bruce Shorts kick) 6-0
  • Michigan – Everett Sweeley 20-yard field goal 11-0
  • Michigan – Chris Redden 25-yard punt return (Shorts kicks) 17-0


Second half

  • Michigan – Snow 2-yard run (kick failed) 22-0
  • Michigan – Redden 25-yard fumble recovery (Shorts kick) 28-0
  • Michigan – Snow 8-yard run (kick failed) 33-0
  • Michigan – Snow 17-yard run (kick failed) 38-0
  • Michigan – Snow 4-yard run (Shorts kick) 44-0
  • Michigan – Albert E. Herrnstein 21-yd field goal (kick failed) 49-0


Aftermath

The game was so lopsided that for the next 15 years, the Tournament of Roses officials ran chariot races, ostrich races, and other various events instead of football. But, on New Year's Day 1916 football returned to stay as Washington State Universitymarker defeated Brown Universitymarker in the first annual Tournament of Roses football game. At Stanford, rugby replaced football from the 1906 season through the 1917 season.

In record keeping, Neil Snow's five touchdowns are noted along with the "modern" Rose Bowl record of four touchdowns held by Eric Ball, Sam Cunningham, and Ron Dayne. Snow was named the Most Valuable Player of the game when the award was created in 1953 and selections were made retroactively.

The initial attendance has varied according to different sources. The ESPN BCS article lists the attendance as 8,500. The Michigan football media guide, and Michigan articles list the attendance as 8,000. The Official 2007 NCAA Division I football records book lists the attendance at 8,000.

Tournament park would be the site for the second to eighth Rose Bowl Games from 1916 to 1922 before the Rose Bowl stadiummarker opened for the 1923 Rose Bowl.

References

  1. Bowl Games: College Football's Greatest Tradition, by Robert Ours, 2004, pgs. 3-4
  2. Stanford football media guide - PDF copy available at gostanford.com
  3. 2008 Rose Bowl Program, 2008 Rose Bowl. Accessed 26 January 2008.
  4. Dan O'Sullivan - Bowl Championship Series - 1902 - Michigan 49, Stanford 0. ESPN.com/BCSfootball.com. December 13, 2002
  5. Official 2007 NCAA Division I football records book - PDF copy available at NCAA.org


Books

  • Maxwell Stiles - The Rose Bowl: A Complete Action and Pictorial Exposition of Rose Bowl Football, Sportsmaster Publications (1946), ASIN: B0007FBNU4
  • America's New Year Celebration (The Rose Parade & Rose Bowl Game). Albion Publishing Group Santa Barbara, CA 1999. ISBN 1880352621
  • The Rose Bowl Game by Rube Samuelsen. Doubleday Company and Inc. 1951. ASIN: B0007DZXFC


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