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The 1920 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the VII Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event which was celebrated in 1920 in Antwerpmarker, Belgiummarker.The 1920 Games were awarded to Antwerp to honor the people of that city after the suffering they endured during World War I. The initial choice for the site of the Games had been Budapestmarker, Hungarymarker.

The 1916 Summer Olympics, to be held in Berlinmarker, capital of the German Empiremarker, were canceled due to the war. The aftermath of the war and the Paris Peace Conference, 1919 affected the Olympic Games not only due to new states being created, but also by sanctions against the nations that lost the war and were blamed for starting it.

Budapest had initially been selected to host the Games over Amsterdammarker and Lyonmarker, but as the Austro-Hungarian Empire had been a German ally in the First World War, the Games were transferred to Antwerp in April 1919. Hungary, Germanymarker, Austriamarker, Bulgariamarker and Turkeymarker were also banned from competing in the Games. Germany remained banned until 1925, and instead hosted a series of games called Deutsche Kampfspiele, starting with the Winter edition of 1922 (which predated the first Winter Olympics).

Highlights

  • These Olympics were the first in which the Olympic Oath was uttered, the first in which doves were released to symbolize peace, and was the first time the Olympic Flag was flown.
  • The USA won 41 Gold, 27 Silver, and 27 Bronze medals, the most won by any of the 29 nations attending. Sweden, Great Britain, Finland and Belgium rounded out the five most successful medal-winning nations.
  • The Games also featured a week of winter sports, with figure skating and ice hockey making their Olympic debut.
  • Duke Kahanamoku retained the 100 m swimming title he won before the war.
  • Nedo Nadi won 5 gold medals in the fencing events.
  • At the age of 72, Sweden's running deer double-shot event champion Oscar Swahn won in the team event to become the oldest Olympic champion ever.
  • 23-year-old Paavo Nurmi won the 10,000 m and 8,000 m cross country races, took another gold in team cross country, and a silver in 5,000 m run. His contributions for Finland broke the U.S. dominance record in track and field with 9 medals.
  • In a unique moment in Olympic history, the 12-foot dinghy event in sailing was held in two different countries. The final two races in the event were held in the Netherlandsmarker, as the only two competitors in the event were Dutch. [17398]
  • Sport shooter Guilherme Paraense won Brazil's first ever Gold Medal at the Olympic Games.


Medals awarded



Demonstration sport



Participating nations

Participants in the 1920 games, with the nations in blue participating for the first time.
A total of 29 nations participated in the Antwerp Games, only one more than in 1912, as Germanymarker, Austriamarker, Hungarymarker, Bulgariamarker and Turkeymarker were not invited, having lost World War I. From the newly created European states, only Estoniamarker took part, and Czechoslovakiamarker, succeeding Bohemia which had sent athletes prior to World War I as part of the Austrian Empiremarker. Polandmarker was busy with the Polish-Soviet War and therefore was unable to form an Olympic team. Argentinamarker, Finlandmarker, Yugoslaviamarker, Brazilmarker, Monacomarker competed as nations at the Olympic Games for the first time. New Zealandmarker, which had competed as part of a combined team with Australia in 1908 and 1912, competed on its own for the first time.



Medal count

These are the top ten nations that won medals at the 1920 Games.
1 41 27 27 95
2 19 20 25 64
3 15 15 13 43
4 15 10 9 34
5 (host nation) 14 11 11 36
6 13 9 9 31
7 13 5 5 23
8 9 19 13 41
9 4 2 5 11
10 3 9 1 13


References

External links




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