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1934 FIFA World Cup: Map

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The 1934 FIFA World Cup, or the World's Cup as it was known then, was the second football World Cup staged, and hosted by Italymarker from 27 May to 10 June. Italy was chosen as hosts by FIFAmarker at the Berlinmarker congress of October 1932. It was the first World Cup for which teams would have to qualify in order to take part. 32 nations entered the competition, and after qualification, 16 teams participated in the finals tournament. Italy became the second World Cup champions, beating Czechoslovakia in the final, 2-1.

Qualification

Qualifying countries
This World Cup was unique in that the reigning World Cup holders Uruguay declined an invitation to participate as a mark of defiance against the European snub from the previous World Cup in 1930, becoming the only holders not to compete in the following tournament. There are also indications that Uruguay declined its participation because the major club teams were afraid that their major players might stay with teams in Europe.

Another unusual fact is that the hosts, Italy, had to qualify. Since 1938, the hosts have been given an automatic spot in the tournament. The next host to compete in World Cup qualifiers was South Africa in 2010; although they are assured of a World Cup place as the hosts, they had to compete because the African confederation is using its 2010 World Cup qualifiers as the qualifying for the 2010 African Cup of Nations. (The South Africans were eliminated at the second round of the 2010 CAF qualifiers.)

Only ten of the 32 entrants, and four of the 16 qualified teams (Brazil, Argentina, United States and Egypt, the first African team to qualify for a World Cup finals tournament), were from outside Europe. The last spot in the finals was contested between the United States and Mexico only three days before the start of the tournament in a one-off match in Romemarker, which the United States won.

Summary

The tournament was held after cupsystem. Eight European teams—Austria, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland—advanced to the quarter-finals.

In the quarter-finals, the first replayed match in World Cup history took place, after Italy and Spain drew 1-1 after extra time. Italy won the replay 1-0, and then went on to beat Austria in the semifinals by the same score. Meanwhile, Czechoslovakia secured their place in the final by beating Germany 3-1.

The Stadium of the National Fascist Partymarker was the venue for the final. With 70 minutes played, the Czechoslovakians were ahead 1-0. The Italians managed to score before the final whistle, and then added another goal in extra time to be crowned World Cup Winners.

Venues

Eight cities hosted the tournament:

Squads

Results

First round






















Quarter-finals




Replay:







Semi-finals




Third place match

Final

Scorers

5 goals
4 goals
3 goals
2 goals


1 goal


1 goal (cont.)


Footnotes

  1. FIFA book of statutes, Roma 1934, prtd. Gebr. Fey & Kratz, Zürich, FIFA internal libray no. C br. 18, 1955


External links




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