) was a common year starting on
(link will display the full calendar).
Events of 1945
- : (Below, some events of World War
II have the "WW II" prefix.)
[[File:Auschwitz gate brama
1940s.jpg|thumb|230px|right| January 27:
- January – American troops cross the Siegfried Line into Belgium.
- January 5 – The
Australian Union recognizes the new
pro-Soviet government of Poland.
- January 7 – British General Bernard
Montgomery holds a press conference at Zonhoven describing
his supporting role at the Battle of
- January 9 – World War II: The Soviet Union begins the Vistula-Oder Offensive in Eastern Europe against the Nazis.
- January 16 –
World War II: A German patrol arrests
Raoul Wallenberg in Hungary.
- January 19 –
World War II: Adolf Hitler evacuates to his underground
- January 20 – World War II:
- January 22 – Franklin D. Roosevelt is inaugurated to an
unprecedented 4th term as President of the United
States. No president before, or since, has ever reached a third
term in office.
- January 23 –
Hungary drops out of
World War II, agreeing to an armistice with the Allies.
- January 27 –
The Holocaust – The Red Army liberates the Auschwitz and Birkenau death
- January 28 –
World War II: Supplies begin to reach
China over the newly reopened Burma
- January 30 – The
Gustloff, with over 10,000 mainly civilian Germans from
Gotenhafen (Gdynia) in the
Bay, is sunk by three torpedoes
from the Soviet submarine
S-13 in the Baltic
Sea; 7,700 die.
- January 30 –
Cabanatuan: 121 American soldiers and 800 Filipino guerrillas
free 813 American POWs from the
Japanese-held camp at Cabanatuan City, Philippines.
- January 31 – Eddie Slovik is executed by firing squad for
desertion, the first American soldier
since the American Civil War, and
last to date to be executed for this offense.
- March – Annelies Marie Frank, also called Anne Frank,
dies in the Bergen-Belsen concentration
Saxony, Germany of typhus.
- March 1 – Franklin D. Roosevelt gives what will be his last
address to a joint session of Congress, reporting on the Yalta
- March 2 – Former U.S. Vice-President
Henry Agard Wallace starts his
term of office as U.S. Secretary of Commerce,
serving under President Franklin Delano Roosevelt.
- March 2 – The
349 Natter is launched
from Stetten am
kalten Markt. The Natter is the first manned rocket,
developed as anti-aircraft weapon. The launch fails and the pilot
- March 3 – WW
- Previously neutral Finland declares war on the Axis
possible experimental atomic test blast occurs at the Nazis'
Ohrdruf military testing area.
United States and Filipino troops take Manila, Philippines.
- March 4 – In the
Kingdom, Princess Elizabeth, later
to become Queen Elizabeth II, joins the British Army as a driver.
- March 6 – A
Communist-led government is formed in Romania.
- March 7 – WW II: American troops seize the bridge over
River at Remagen, Germany and begin to cross.
- March 8 – Josip Broz Tito forms a government in
- March 9–10 – WW II: American
B-29 bombers attack Japan with
incendiary bombs; Tokyo is fire-bombed killing 100,000 citizens.
- March 15 – The 17th Academy Awards ceremony is held,
broadcast via radio for the first time. Best Picture goes to Going My Way.
- March 16 – WW II: The Battle of Iwo Jima ends, with small pockets of guerrilla resistance
persisting past the official conclusion of the battle.
- March 17 – WW II: Kobe, Japan is fire-bombed by 331 B-29 bombers, killing over 8,000
- March 18 – WW II: 1,250 American bombers attack Berlin.
- March 19 – WW
- Adolf Hitler
orders that all industries, military installations, machine shops,
transportation facilities and communications facilities in Germany be destroyed.
the coast of Japan, bombers hit
the aircraft carrier USS Franklin, killing about
800 of her crewmen and crippling the ship.
- March 21 – WW II: British troops
liberate Mandalay, Burma.
- March 22 – The
Arab League is formed with the adoption
of a charter in Cairo, Egypt.
- March 24
- March 29 – The
"Clash of Titans": George Mikan and
Bob Kurland duel at Madison
Square Garden. OSU defeats DePaul 52–44.
- March 30 – WW
- April 1 – WW II – Battle of
States troops land on Okinawa.
- April 4 – WW II: American troops liberate their first
Nazi concentration camp, Ohrdruf death camp in Germany.
- April 7 – WW
- April 9 – Abwehr conspirators Wilhelm Canaris, Hans
Oster and Hans Dohanyi are hanged at Flossenberg concentration
camp, along with pastor Dietrich
- April 9 – WW
II: The Battle of
Königsberg, in East Prussia,
- April 10 – The
Allied Forces liberate the Nazi concentration
- April 12 – United States President
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
(1933–1945) dies suddenly at Warm
Springs, Georgia; Vice President Harry
S. Truman (1945–1953) becomes the 33rd President.
- April 15 – The
camp is liberated.
- April 16 – WW II: The Goya is
sunk by the Soviet submarine
- April 17 – Brazilian forces
liberate the town of Montese, Italy, from
- April 18 – the
American war correspondent
Ernie Pyle is killed by Japanese machine gun fire on the island of Ie Shima off Okinawa.
- April 19 – Rodgers and Hammerstein's
Carousel, a musical play
based on Ferenc Molnar's Liliom, opens on Broadway and becomes their second long-running stage
- April 22 – Heinrich Himmler, through Count Bernadotte, puts forth an offer of
German surrender to the Western Allies, but not the Soviet
- April 24 –
Retreating German troops destroy all the
bridges over the Adige in
the historical Ponte di Castelvecchio and Ponte Pietra.
- April 25 – Founding
negotiations for the United Nations
begin in San
- April 25 – WW II – Elbe Day:
States and Soviet troops link
up at the Elbe River, cutting Germany in two.
- April 26 – Battle of Bautzen : The
last "successful" German panzer-offensive in Bautzen ends with the city recaptured.
- April 27
- U.S. Ordinance troops find the coffins of Frederick Wilhelm I,
Frederick the Great, Paul Von
Hindenburg, and his wife.
- The Western Allies flatly reject any offer of surrender by
Germany other than unconditional on all fronts.
- April 28 – Benito Mussolini and his mistress, Clara Petacci, are executed by Italian
partisans as they attempt to flee the country. Their bodies are then
hung by their heels in the public square of Milan.
- April 29 – Operation Manna: British Lancaster bombers drop food into the Netherlands to prevent the starvation of the civilian
29 – Brazilian
forces liberate the commune of Fornovo di Taro, Italy, from
- April 30 – Adolf Hitler and his wife of one day, Eva Braun, commit
suicide as the Red Army approaches the
Führerbunker in Berlin.
Karl Dönitz succeeds Hitler as
President of Germany. Joseph Goebbels succeeds Hitler as Chancellor of
- May 1 – WW II:
- May 2 – WW II:
- May 3 – WW II:
- May 4 – WW II:
concentration camp Neuengamme near Hamburg is liberated by the British Army.
- The North German army surrenders to Marshal Bernard Montgomery.
- Holland is liberated by British and Canadian troops.  German troops officially surrender one day
- Denmark is liberated.  All German troops there officially surrender
one day later.
- May 5 – WW II:
- May 6 – WW II:
Axis Sally delivers her last propaganda broadcast to Allied troops (the first was on December 11, 1941).
- May 7 – WW II: General Alfred
Jodl signs unconditional surrender terms at Rheims, France, ending
Germany's participation in the war. The document
takes effect the next day.
- May 8 – WW II:
- V-E Day (Victory in
Europe, as Nazi Germany surrenders)
commemorates the end of World War II in
Europe, with the final surrender being to the
Soviets in Berlin, attended
by representatives of the Western Powers.
British 8th Army, together with Slovene partisan troops and a
motorized detachment of the Yugoslav 4th Army, arrives in Carinthia and Klagenfurt.
- May 8–29 – Sétif
massacre: In Algeria, thousands die as French troops and released
Italian POWs kill an estimated 6,000 Algerian citizens.
- May 9 – WW II:
- May 14–15 – World War II –
Battle of Poljana: The last battle
of World War II in Europe is fought at Poljana near Slovenj
- May 23 – President of Germany Karl Dönitz and Chancellor of Germany
Count Lutz Schwerin von
Krosigk are arrested by British forces at
Flensburg. They are respectively the last German
Head of state and Head of government until 1949.
- May 23 – Heinrich Himmler, former head of the
Nazi SS, commits
suicide in British custody.
- May 28 – William
Joyce ("Lord Haw-Haw") is captured.
later charged with high treason in London for his
English-language wartime broadcasts on German radio, convicted, and
then hanged in January 1946.
- May 29 – German
communists, led by Walther Ulbricht, arrive in Berlin.
- May 29 – the Dutch painter Han van Meegeren is arrested for
collaboration with the Nazis, but the paintings he had sold to
Hermann Göring (Koch) are later
found to be his fakes.
- May 30 – The Iranian government demands that all Soviet and British
troops leave the country.
- July 1 – WW
II: Germany is divided between the Allied occupation
- July 5 – WW II: The Philippines are declared liberated.
- July 8 – WW
II: Harry S. Truman is informed that Japan will talk
peace if it can retain the reign of the Emperor. 
- July 9 – A forest
fire breaks out in the Tillamook
Burn (the third in that area since 1933).
- July 16 – The
Test, the first of an atomic
bomb, using about six kilograms of plutonium, succeeds in unleashing an explosion
equivalent to that of 19 kilotons of TNT.
- July 16 – WW II: A train collision near Munich, Germany kills 102 war prisoners.
- July 17 – WW II – Potsdam
Conference: At Potsdam, the 3 main Allied leaders
begin their final summit of the war (meeting ends August 2).
- July 21 – WW
II: President Harry S.
Truman approves the order for atomic bombs
to be used against Japan.
- July 23 – WW
II: French marshal Philippe
Pétain, who headed the Vichy
government during World War II,
goes on trial for treason.
- July 26 – Winston Churchill resigns as the United
Kingdom's Prime Minister after his Conservative Party is soundly
defeated by the Labour Party in
the 1945 general
election. Clement Attlee
becomes the new Prime Minister.
- July 26 – The Potsdam Declaration demands Japan's
unconditional surrender; Article 12 permitting Japan to retain the
reign of the Emperor has been deleted by President Truman. 
- July 28 – An U.S. Army Air Forces B-25 bomber crashes into the Empire
State Building, killing 14 people, including all on
- July 28 – WW II: Japan ambiguously
rejects the Potsdam
- July 29 – The BBC Light Programme radio station is launched, aimed at mainstream light entertainment and
- July 30 – WW II: The heavy cruiser USS Indianapolis is hit
and sunk by torpedoes from the Japanese submarine I-58 in the
Philippine Sea. Some 900 survivors jump into the sea and
are adrift for up to four days. Nearly 600 die before help arrives.
Captain Charles B. McVay III of the cruiser is later
court-martialed and convicted.
- September 2 –
Japanese general Tomoyuki
Yamashita surrenders to Filipino and American forces at
- September 2 –
World War II ends: The final official
surrender of Japan is accepted
by the Supreme Allied Commander, General Douglas MacArthur, and Fleet Admiral Chester Nimitz for the United
States, and delegates from Australia, New Zealand, the
United Kingdom, The
Netherlands, China, and others from a Japanerse delegation led
by Mamoru Shigemitsu, on board the
American battleship USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay (but in Japan August 14 is recognized as the day the Pacific War ended).
- September 2 –
Ho Chi Minh promulgates the Vietnamese Declaration of Independence, and unity from the
north to the south.
- September 4 –
WW II: Japanese forces surrender on Wake Island after hearing word of their country's
- September 5 – Iva Toguri D'Aquino, a Japanese-American
suspected of being wartime radio propagandist "Tokyo Rose," is arrested in Yokohama.
- September 5 –
The Russian code clerk Igor Gouzenko
comes forward with numerous documents implicating the Soviet Union
in numerous spy rings in North
America: both in the United States and in Canada.
- September 8 –
American troops occupy southern Korea, while the Soviet Union occupies the north, with the dividing line being
the 38th parallel of latitude. This arrangement
proves to be the indirect beginning of a divided Korea.
- September 8 – Hideki Tojo, Japanese prime minister during most
of World War II, attempts suicide to
avoid facing a war crimes tribunal.
- September 9 – The first actual case
of (a computer) bug being found, is a
moth lodged in a relay of
a Harvard Mark II computer at the Naval Weapons Center in Dahlgren,
- September 11 – Radio Republik Indonesia
- September 11 –
The Batu Lintang camp in Sarawak, Borneo is liberated by Australian forces.
- September 12 –
The Japanese Army formally surrenders to the British in Singapore.
- September 18 –
Typhoon Makurazaki in Japan kills 3,746 people.
- September 20 –
Mohandas Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru demand that all British
troops depart India.
Science and technology
Canadian Memorial Chiropractic
College, the first chiropractic college in Canada,
initiates its four year doctoral program.
Clinic, streptomycin is
first used to treat tuberculosis.
- Percy Spencer accidentally
discovers that microwaves can heat food. The invention of the
microwave oven follows.
- Grand Rapids, Michigan, and Newburgh, New York, become the first cities or towns to add fluoride to municipal drinking
first nuclear reactor outside of the U.S. is completed in Chalk
- High-altitude, west-to-east winds across
Ocean (discovered by the Japanese in 1942 and by U.S.
Forces in 1944) are dubbed the
- Salvador Edward Luria and
Alfred Day Hershey independently
recognize that viruses undergo mutations.
- The herbicide 2,4-D is introduced; it is later used as a component
of Agent Orange.
- A team led by Charles DuBois
Coryell discovers chemical
element 61, the only one still missing between one and 96 on
the periodic table. The new element
is called promethium.
- Raymond Libby develops the oral penicillin antibiotic.
- American Canamid discovers folic
acid, a vitamin abundant in green leafy vegetables, liver, kidney, and yeast.
first geothermal milk pasteurization is done in Klamath
- January 3 – Stephen Stills, American rock singer and
- January 3 – Abbas Khattak, Commander of the Pakistan Air Force
- January 4 – Richard R. Schrock, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
- January 10 – Jennifer Moss, British actress (d.
- January 10 – Rod Stewart, British rock singer
- January 14 – Einar Hakonarson, Icelandic painter
- January 15 – Vince Foster, deputy White House counsel during
the first term of President Bill Clinton (d. 1993)
- January 15 – Princess Michael of Kent, member of
the British Royal Family
- January 20 – Robert Olen Butler, American writer
- January 26 – Jacqueline du Pré, English cellist (d.
- January 27 – Harold Cardinal, Cree political leader,
writer, and lawyer (d. 2005)
- January 29 – Jim Nicholson, Northern Irish
- January 29 – Tom Selleck, American actor
- January 30 – Michael Dorris, American author (d. 1997)
- January 31 – Joseph Kosuth, American artist
- February 2 – David Friedman, American economist
- February 3 – Bob Griese, American football player
- February 3 – Philip Waruinge, Kenyan boxer
- February 5 – Charlotte Rampling, English actress
- February 6 – Bob Marley, Jamaican reggae singer and musician
- February 7 – Gerald Davies, Welsh rugby player
- February 7 – Pete Postlethwaite, English actor
- February 9 – Mia Farrow, American actress
- February 12 – Maud Adams, Swedish actress
- February 16 – Frank Welker, American voice actor
- February 14 – Prince Hans-Adam II of
- February 17 – Brenda Fricker, Irish actress
- February 24 – Barry Bostwick, American actor
- February 25 – Elkie Brooks, English singer
- February 25 – Roy Saari, American swimmer
- February 26 – Marta Kristen, Norwegian actress
- February 27 – Carl Anderson, American singer and
actor (d. 2004)
- February 28 – Bubba Smith, American football player and
- March 1 – Dirk
Benedict, American actor
- March 4 – Dieter
Meier, Swiss singer and children's writer
- March 4 – Tommy Svensson, Swedish football manager and
- March 4 – Gary
Williams, American basketball coach
- March 7 – John Heard, American actor
- March 8 – Jim
Chapman, American politician
- March 8 – Micky
Dolenz, American actor, director, and rock musician (The Monkees)
- March 8 – Anselm Kiefer, German painter
- March 9 – Dennis
Rader, American serial killer
- March 13 – Anatoly Timofeevich Fomenko,
- March 15 – A. K.
Faezul Huq, Bangladeshi lawyer and
politician (d. 2007)
- March 17 – Katri Helena, Finnish singer
- March 19 – Cem
Karaca, Turkish musician (d. 2004)
- March 20 – Jay
Ingram, Canadian television host, author and journalist
- March 20 – Pat
Riley, American basketball coach
- March 26 – Mikhail Voronin, Russian gymnast (d.
- March 29 – Walt
Frazier, American basketball player
- March 30 – Eric
Clapton, English rock guitarist
- March 31 – Gabe
Kaplan, American actor, comedian, and professional poker
- April 2 – Linda
Hunt, American actress
- April 4 – Daniel Cohn-Bendit, French activist
- April 7 – Werner Schroeter, German film director
- April 9 – Peter
Gammons, American baseball sportswriter
- April 12 – Antonio Lujan, member of the New Mexico House of
- April 12 – Lee
Jong-wook, Korean Director-General of the World Health Organization (d.
- April 13 – Tony
Dow, American actor, producer, and director (Leave It to
- April 13 – Lowell George, American rock musician
- April 13 – Bob
Kalsu, American football player (d. 1970)
- April 14 – Ritchie Blackmore, English rock guitarist
- April 21 – Diana Darvey, British actress, singer and
dancer (d. 2000)
- April 25 – Björn Ulvaeus, Swedish rock songwriter
- April 27 – August Wilson, American playwright (d.
- April 29 – Hugh
Hopper, British musician (d. 2009)
- April 29 – Tammi Terrell, American soul singer (d.
- May 1 – Rita
Coolidge, American pop singer
- May 2 – Sarah
Weddington, American attorney
- May 4 – Narasinham Ram, Indian journalist
- May 5 – Kurt
Loder, American film critic, author, and television
- May 6 – Jimmie Dale Gilmore, American
- May 6 – Bob
Seger, American rock singer
- May 8 – Keith
Jarrett, American musician
- May 14 – Yochanan Vollach, former Israeli footballer and president of Maccabi Haifa, CEO
- May 15 – Duarte Pio, Duke of Braganza,
heir to the Portuguese crown
- May 16 – Nicky
Chinn, English rock songwriter (The
Sweet, Suzi Quatro)
- May 17 – Tony
Roche, Australian tennis player
- May 19 – Pete
Townshend, English rock guitarist and lyricist (The Who)
- May 21 – Ernst Messerschmid, German physicist and
- May 23 – Doris Mae Oulton, Canadian community
- May 24 – Priscilla Presley, American actress
- May 28 – John
Fogerty, American rock singer (Creedence Clearwater
- May 31 – Rainer Werner Fassbinder, German
film director (d. 1982)
- June 1 – Frederica von Stade, American
- June 8 – Steven Fromholz, American
- June 9 – Nike
Wagner, German woman of the theater
- June 11 – Adrienne Barbeau, American film and
- June 12 – Pat
Jennings, Northern Irish footballer player
- June 14 – Jörg Immendorff, German painter
- June 15 – Françoise Chandernagor, French
- June 16 – Claire Alexander, Canadian ice hockey
- June 17 – P. D.
T. Acharya, Secretary General Lok Sabha
- June 17 – Frank
Ashmore, American actor
- June 17 – Art
Bell, American radio talk show host
- June 17 – Anupam
Kher, Indian actor
- June 17 – Ken
Livingstone, British politician
- June 17 – Eddy
Merckx, Belgian cyclist
- June 19 – Aung San Suu Kyi, Myanmar poet, politician,
recipient of the Nobel Peace
- June 19 – Radovan Karadžić, Serbian
- June 24 – George Pataki, former Governor of New York
- June 25 – Carly
Simon, American singer and songwriter
- June 26 – Dwight
York, American musician, fashion consultant, cult leader, and
- July 1 – Debbie
Harry, American rock singer (Blondie)
- July 5 – Lu
Sheng-yen, leader of the True
- July 6 – Burt
Ward, American actor
- July 7 – Michael Ancram, British politician
- July 8 – Micheline Calmy-Rey, Swiss Federal
- July 9 – Dean
R. Koontz, American writer
- July 10 – Ron
Glass, American actor
- July 11 – Richard Wesley, American playwright and
- July 15 – Jürgen Möllemann, German
politician (d. 2003)
- July 16 – Victor
Sloan, Irish artist
- July 17 – Alexander, Crown Prince of
- July 20 – Kim
Carnes, American singer-songwriter
- July 20 – Larry Craig, U.S. senator from Idaho
- July 21 – John
Lowe, English darts player
- July 24 – Azim
Premji, Indian businessman
- July 26 – Dame Helen Mirren, British actress
- July 28 – Jim Davis, American cartoonist
- July 30 – Roger Dobkowitz, American game show
- August 1 – Douglas D. Osheroff, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
- August 2 – Joanna Cassidy, American actress
- August 4 – Alan
Mulally, American businessman, current CEO of the Ford Motor Company
- August 5 – Loni Anderson, American actress
- August 6 – Ron Jones, British director
- August 7 – Alan
Page, American football player
- August 9 – Posy Simmonds, English cartoonist
- August 14 – Steve Martin, American actor and comedian
- August 14 – Eliana Pittman, Brazilian singer and
- August 19 – Ian
Gillan, English rock singer (Deep
- August 22 – Ron
Dante, American rock singer, songwriter, and record producer
- August 24 – Vince McMahon, is an American professional
wrestler, promoter, in-ring announcer, play-by-play commentator and
film producer. He currently serves as the WWE
chairman and chief executive officer of World Wrestling
- August 26 – Tom
Ridge, American politition
- August 31 – Van Morrison, Irish rock musician
- August 31 – Itzhak Perlman, Israeli-American violinist
- September 1 – Mustafa Balel, Turkish writer
- September 5 – Al Stewart, Scottish singer-songwriter
- September 8 – Jose Feliciano, Puerto Rican singer
- September 9 – Doug Ingle, American songwriter and singer for
- September 11 – Franz Beckenbauer, German footballer and
- September 14 – Martin Tyler, British sports broadcaster
- September 15 – Jessye Norman, American soprano
- September 17 – Phil Jackson, American basketball coach
- September 19 – Randolph Mantooth, American actor
- September 21 – Shaw Clifton, General of The Salvation
- September 27 – Kay Ryan, American poet
- September 29 – Nadezhda Chizhova, Russian athlete
- September 30 – Ehud Olmert, 12th Prime Minister of Israel
- October 2 – Don
McLean, American rock singer-songwriter
- October 3 – Kay
Baxter, American bodybuilder (d. 1988)
- October 3 – Viktor Saneyev, Soviet athlete
- October 6 – Ivan Graziani, Italian singer-songwriter (d.
- October 12 – Aurore Clément, French actress
- October 12 – Dusty Rhodes, American professional
- October 15 – Jim Palmer, American baseball player
- October 18 – Huell Howser, host of California's Gold.
- October 18 – Yıldo, Turkish showman, footballer
- October 19 – John Lithgow, American actor
- October 22 – Yvan Ponton, Canadian actor and
- October 24 – Eugenie Scott, Executive Director of the
for Science Education
- October 25 – David Schramm, American
- October 25 – Peter Ledger, Australian artist (d. 1994)
- October 27 – Luís Inácio Lula da
Silva, President of
- October 29 – Melba Moore, American singer and actress
- October 30 – Henry Winkler, American actor
- October 31 – Brian Doyle-Murray, American actor
- November 3 – Gerd Muller, German footballer
- November 5 – Jacques Lanctôt, Canadian
- November 12 – Michael Bishop, American author
- November 12 – Tracy Kidder, American journalist and
- November 12 – Neil Young, Canadian musician
- November 15 – Anni-Frid Lyngstad, Norwegian rock singer
- November 18 – Wilma Mankiller, Chief of the Cherokee
- November 18 –
Mahinda Rajapaksa, President of
- November 21 – Goldie Hawn, American actress
- November 23 – Jerry Harris, American sculptor
- November 26 – Daniel Davis, American actor
- November 26 – John McVie, English rock musician (Fleetwood Mac)
- November 30 –
Millington, British porn star
- December 1 – Bette Midler, American singer and actress
- December 6 – Larry Bowa, American baseball player
- December 6 – Dan Harrington, American poker player
- December 7 – Marion Rung, Finnish singer
- December 8 – John Banville, Irish novelist and
- December 10 –
Mukhtar Altynbayev, former
Kazakhstani Minister of
Defense and General of the Army
- December 12 – Tony Williams, American musician (d. 1997)
- December 13 – Kathy Garver, American actress
- December 20 – Peter George Criscoula, American rock drummer
and singer (KISS)
- December 22 – Diane Sawyer, American television anchor
- December 24 – Ian
"Lemmy" Kilminster, British bassist and singer (Motörhead)
- December 24 – Steve Smith, Canadian comedic
- December 26 – Joyce Jillson, American actress, astrologer
- December 28 – King Birendra of Nepal (d. 2001)
- December 28 – Max Hastings, British writer
- December 30 – Concetta Tomei, American actress
- January 2 – Bertram Ramsay, British admiral (b. 1883)
- January 3 – Edgar Cayce, American psychic (b. 1877)
- January 6 – Josefa Llanes Escoda, Filipino advocate
of women's suffrage and founder of the
Girl Scouts of the
Philippines (b. 1898)
- January 9 – Jüri Uluots, Estonian statesman (b.
- January 22 – Else Lasker-Schuler, German poet (b.
- January 31 – Eddie Slovik, American soldier (executed) (b.
- February 1 – Prince Kiril of Bulgaria (b.
- February 2
- February 3 – Roland Freisler, Nazi German judge (b. 1893)
- February 5 – Denise Bloch, French World War II heroine
(executed) (b. 1915)
- February 5 – Lilian Rolfe, French World War II heroine
(executed) (b. 1914)
- February 5 – Violette Szabo, French World War II heroine
(executed) (b. 1921)
- February 10 – Anacleto Diaz, Filipino jurist (murdered
during the Battle of Manila)
- February 11 – Al
Dubin, Swiss songwriter (b. 1891)
- February 12 – Antonio Villa-Real, Filipino jurist
(murdered during the Battle of
Manila) (b. 1878)
- February 17 – Gabrielle Weidner, Belgian World War II
heroine (b. 1914)
- February 21 – Eric Liddell, Scottish runner (b. 1902)
- February 25 – Mário de Andrade, Brazilian writer and
photographer (b. 1893)
- March – Margot Frank (b. 1926) and her younger sister Anne
Frank, German-born Jewish diarist (typhus) (b. 1929)
- March 2 – Emily
Carr, Canadian artist (b. 1871)
- March 4
- March 16 – Börries von Münchhausen,
German poet (b. 1874)
- March 18 – William Grover-Williams, French race
car driver and war hero (b. 1903)
- March 19 – Friedrich Fromm, German Nazi official (b.
- March 20 – Lord Alfred Douglas, English poet (b.
- March 22 – Eliyahu Bet-Zuri, Israeli assassin
(executed) (b. 1922)
- March 22 – Eliyahu Hakim, Israeli assassin (executed) (b.
- March 23 – Elisabeth de Rothschild, French
World War II heroine (executed) (b. 1902)
- March 26 – David Lloyd George, Welsh Prime Minister of the
United Kingdom (b. 1863)
- March 29 – Ferenc Csik, Hungarian swimmer (b. 1913)
- March 30 – Élise Rivet, French nun and war heroine (b.
- March 31 – Hans
Fischer, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1881)
- March 31 – Harriet Boyd-Hawes, American
archaeologist (b. 1871)
- April – Auguste van Pels,
German-Jewish housemate of Anne Frank (b.
- April 5 – Huldreich Georg Früh, Swiss
composer (b. 1903)
- April 7 – Elizabeth Bibesco, writer (b. 1897)
- April 9 – Dietrich Bonhoeffer, German theologian
(hanged) (b. 1906)
- April 9 – Wilhelm Canaris, head of the German Abwehr
(hanged) (b. 1887)
- April 10
- April 12 – Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 32nd
President of the United
States (b. 1882)
- April 18 – Ernie
Pyle, American journalist (sniper fire) (b. 1900)
- April 18 – William, Prince of Albania (b.
- April 22 – Käthe Kollwitz, German artist (b.
- April 24 – Ernst-Robert Grawitz, German
Reichsphysician (S.S. and Police) in the Third Reich (b. 1899)
- April 28 – Benito Mussolini, Italian Fascist dictator
(executed) (b. 1883)
- April 29 – Malcolm McGregor, American actor (b.
- April 30
- May 1
- May 2 – Martin
Bormann, German Nazi leader (b. 1900)
- May 5 – Peter
van Pels, German-Jewish love interest of diarist Anne Frank (b. 1926)
- May 8
- May 11– Kiyoshi
Ogawa, Kamikaze pilot. (b.1922)
- May 14 – Heber
J. Grant, 7th president of
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1856)
- May 15 – Charles Williams, British
author (b. 1886)
- May 17 – Bobby
Hutchins, Our Gang films child actor
- May 18 – William Joseph Simmons, American
founder of the second KKK (b. 1880)
- May 19 – Philipp Bouhler, German Nazi leader (b.
- May 23 – Heinrich Himmler, German head of the
- May 31 – Odilo
Globocnik, Austrian Nazi leader (suicide) (b. 1904)
- June 8 – Robert
Desnos, French poet and French resistance fighter (b. 1900)
- June 15 – Nikola Avramov, Bulgarian painter (b.
- June 16
- July 5 – John
Curtin, 14th Prime
Minister of Australia (b. 1885)
- July 13 – Alla
Nazimova, Russian actress (b. 1879)
- July 16 – Addison Randall, American actor (b. 1906)
- July 20 – Paul Valéry, French poet (b. 1871)
- July 28 – Margot Asquith,
Countess of Oxford and Asquith (b. 1864)
- July 31 – Artemio Ricarte, Filipino general (b.
- August 2 – Pietro Mascagni, Italian composer (b.
- August 9 – Harry Hillman, American athlete (b. 1881)
- August 10 – Robert Goddard, American rocket
scientist (b. 1882)
- August 15 – Korechika Anami, Japanese general (b.
- August 18 – Subhash Chandra Bose, Indian political
leader (b. 1897)
- August 19 – Tomas Burgos, Chilean philanthropist
- August 26 – Franz Werfel, Austrian writer (b. 1890)
- August 31 – Stefan Banach, Polish mathematician (b.
- September 1 – Frank Craven, American actor (b. 1881)
- September 12 – Sugiyama Hajime, Japanese general (b.
- September 15 – Anton Webern, Austrian composer (b. 1883)
- September 16 – John McCormack, Irish tenor (b.
- September 20
- September 24 – Johannes Hans Geiger, German physicist
and inventor (b. 1882)
- September 26
- October 13 – Milton Hershey, American chocolate tycoon (b.
- October 15 – Pierre Laval, Prime Minister of France (executed)
- October 19
- October 21 – Henry Armetta, Italian actor (b. 1888)
- October 24 – Vidkun Quisling, Norwegian traitor
(executed) (b. 1887)
- October 25 – Robert Ley, German Nazi politician (suicide) (b.
- October 26 – Paul Pelliot, French explorer (b. 1878)
- October 28 – Gilbert Emery, American actor (b. 1875)
- October 31 – Henry Ainley, English actor (b. 1879)
- November 7 – Gus Edwards, American songwriter (b. 1879)
- November 8 – August von Mackensen, German field
marshal (b. 1849)
- November 11 – Jerome Kern, American composer (b. 1885)
- November 16 – Sigurður Eggerz, Prime Minister of
Iceland during World War I (b. 1875)
- November 20 – Francis William Aston, English
chemist, Nobel Prize
laureate (b. 1877)
- November 21
- November 28 – Dwight F. Davis, American tennis player (b. 1879)
- December 4 – Thomas Hunt Morgan, American geneticist,
recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology
or Medicine (b. 1866)
- December 5 – Cosmo Lang, Archbishop of Canterbury (b.
- December 13 –
Josef Kramer, commandant of Bergen-Belsen concentration
camp (executed) (b. 1906)
- December 14 – Forrester Harvey, Irish actor (b. 1884)
- December 16 – Fumimaro Konoe, Prime Minister of Japan (suicide)
- December 21 – George S. Patton, U.S. general (car accident) (b.
- December 22 – Otto Neurath, Austrian philosopher and
political economist (b. 1892)
- December 25 – Duy
Tan, former emperor of Vietnam (b. 1899) (plane crash)
- December 28 – Theodore Dreiser, American author (b.
- Guinness Book of World Records, 2008. Page 137.
- "Year by Year 1945" – History Channel
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