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  • Benjamin Britten's opera Peter Grimes, based on George Crabbe's The Borough
  • Vladimir Nabokov becomes a naturalized citizen of the United States
  • March 4Pablo Neruda elected a Communist party senator in Chile. He officially joined the Communist Party of Chile four months later.
  • April — Ilona Karmel and Henia Karmel, sisters from the Kraków Ghettomarker and together Polish Jewish prisoners of the Nazis, were on a forced death march when Germans in tanks crushed them and then shoved them, still living, into a mass grave. Soon after, a group of prisoners passed them, including a cousin of theirs. From their hiding place in her clothes, Henia Karmel ripped out some poems she and her sister had written and handed them to her cousin to give to her husband, Leon, back in Krakow. The cousin did deliver the poems, and the sisters were also saved by a nearby farmer who took them to a hospital. Henia wrote in 1947, "these poems are real, not just scribblings.[they] came about when I was still creating myself, experiencing the pain of separation. How I could have survived, you might ask? If so, sir, you know nothing of life. It lasted, that’s all." Henia wrote in her poem, "Snapshots": "My name is Number 906. / And guess what? I still write verse."
  • May 2, 1945, Ezra Pound was arrested by Italian partisans, and taken (according to Hugh Kenner) "to their HQ in Chiavarimarker, where he was soon released as possessing no interest." The next day, he turned himself in to U.S. forces. He was incarcerated in a United States Army detention camp outside Pisamarker, spending 25 days in an open cage before being given a tent. Here he appears to have suffered a nervous breakdown. While in the camp he drafted the Pisan Cantos, a section of the work in progress which marks a shift in Pound's work, being a meditation on his own and Europe's ruin and on his place in the natural world. The Pisan Cantos won the first Bollingen Prize from the Library of Congress in 1948.
  • June — Australia's most celebrated literary hoax takes place when Angry Penguins is published with poems by the fictional Ern Malley. Poets James McAuley and Harold Stewart created the poems from lines of other poems and then sent them as the purported work of a recently deceased poet. The hoax was played on Max Harris, then a 22-year-old avant garde poet and critic who had started the modernist magazine, Angry Penguins. Harris and his circle of literary friends agreed that a hitherto completely-unknown modernist poet of great merit had come to light in suburban Australia. The Autumn 1944 edition of the magazine with the poems came out in mid-1945 due to wartime printing delays. An Australian newspaper uncovered the hoax within weeks. McAuley and Stewart loved early Modernist poets but despised later modernism and especially the well-funded Angry Penguins and were jealous of Harris's precocious success.
  • Two small Canadian literary magazines, Preview and First Statement (each founded separately in 1942) combined to form Northern Review (which lasts until 1956).
  • Kyk-over-al magazine founded in Guyana

Works published in English

Listed by nation where the work was first published and again by the poet's native land, if different; substantially revised works listed separately:


United Kingdom

United States

Other in English

Works published in other languages


Indian subcontinent

Including all of the British colonies that later became India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Nepal. Listed alphabetically by first name, regardless of surname:


  • Abdul Ahad Azad, Daryav, the author's magnum opus, on the theme of political revolution
  • Mahjoor:
    • Kalam-e Mahjoor (No. 9), lyrics on love
    • Payem-e Mahjoor (No. 2 and No. 3), in the Devangari script; on social and national themes

Other Indian languages

Other languages



Death years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:


Birth years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:

See also


  1. "Book Notes" column, The Virginia Quarterly Review, Spring 2008, accessed April 17, 2008, a capsule review by Lilah Hegnauerof A Wall of Two: Poems of Resistance and Suffering from Kraków to Buchenwald and Beyond, by Henia Karmel and Ilona Karmel, adapted by Fanny Howe, University of California Press, 2007
  2. Roberts, Neil, editor, A Companion to Twentieth-century Poetry, Part III, Chapter 3, "Canadian Poetry", by Cynthia Messenger, Blackwell Publishing, 2003, ISBN 9781405113618, retrieved via Google Books, January 3, 2009
  3. "Selected Timeline of Anglophone Caribbean Poetry" in Williams, Emily Allen, Anglophone Caribbean Poetry, 1970–2001: An Annotated Bibliography, page xvii and following pages, Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002, ISBN 9780313317477, retrieved via Google Books, February 7, 2009
  4. Gustafson, Ralph, The Penguin Book of Canadian Verse, revised edition, 1967, Baltimore, Maryland: Penguin Books
  5. Cox, Michael, editor, The Concise Oxford Chronology of English Literature, Oxford University Press, 2004, ISBN 0-19-860634-6
  6. Ludwig, Richard M., and Clifford A. Nault, Jr., Annals of American Literature: 1602–1983, 1986, New York: Oxford University Press ("If the title page is one year later than the copyright date, we used the latter since publishers frequently postdate books published near the end of the calendar year." — from the Preface, p vi)
  7. M. L. Rosenthal, The New Poets: American and British Poetry Since World War II, New York: Oxford University Press, 1967, "Selected Bibliography: Individual Volumes by Poets Discussed", pp 334-340
  8. Web page titled "Wallace Stevens (1879 - 1955)" at the Poetry Foundation website, retrieved April 9, 2009. Archived 2009-05-04.
  9. Joshi, Irene, compiler, "Poetry Anthologies", "Poetry Anthologies" section, "University Libraries, University of Washington" website, "Last updated May 8, 1998", retrieved June 16, 2009. Archived 2009-06-19.
  10. Allen Curnow Web page at the New Zealand Book Council website, accessed April 21, 2008
  11. Naik, M. K., Perspectives on Indian poetry in English, p. 230, (published by Abhinav Publications, 1984, ISBN 0391032860, ISBN 9780391032866), retrieved via Google Books, June 12, 2009
  12. "Denis Glover" article in The Encyclopedia of New Zealand, 1966 website, accessed April 21, 2008
  13. Auster, Paul, editor, The Random House Book of Twentieth-Century French Poetry: with Translations by American and British Poets, New York: Random House, 1982 ISBN 0394521978
  14. Bree, Germaine, Twentieth-Century French Literature, translated by Louise Guiney, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1983
  15. Cady, Andrea, Measuring the visible: the verse and prose of Philippe Jaccottet, p 32, Editions Rodopi, 1992, retrieved via Google Books on August 20, 2009
  16. Web page titled "Saint-John Perse: The Nobel Prize in Literature 1960: Bibliography" at the Nobel Prize Website, retrieved July 20, 2009. Archived 2009-07-24.
  17. Das, Sisir Kumar, "A Chronology of Literary Events / 1911–1956", in Das, Sisir Kumar and various, History of Indian Literature: 1911-1956: struggle for freedom: triumph and tragedy, Volume 2, 1995, published by Sahitya Akademi, ISBN 9788172017989, retrieved via Google Books on December 23, 2008
  18. Das, Sisir Kumar and various, History of Indian Literature: 1911-1956: struggle for freedom: triumph and tragedy, Volume 2, 1995, published by Sahitya Akademi, ISBN 9788172017989, retrieved via Google Books on December 23, 2008
  19. Web page titled "Biblioteca de autores contemporaneos / Mario Benedetti - El autor" (in Spanish), retrieved May 27, 2009. Archived 2009-05-30.
  20. Debicki, Andrew P., Spanish Poetry of the Twentieth Century: Modernity and Beyond, University Press of Kentucky, 1995, ISBN 978-0-8131-0835-3, retrieved via Google Books, November 21, 2009
  21. Dictionary of Literary Biography Volume 40: "Great Britain and Ireland Since 1960"
  22. Web page titled "South Asian literature in English, Pre-independence era", compiled by Irene Joshi, at "University of Washington Libraries" website, "Last updated May 8, 1998", retrieved July 30, 2009. Archived 2009-08-02.

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