((March 2)) Claudette Colvin (a fifteen year old african
american girl) Refuses to give up her seat to a white wonam after
the bus driver demands it. She was carried off the bus backwords,
whilst being kicked and handcuffed. She was harrased on the way to
the police station while the officers tried to guess her bra
March 5 – WBBJ-TV signs on
the air in the Jackson,
Tennessee, with WDXI as its initial call-letters, to expanded
American commercial television in mostly-rural areas.
March 7 – The Broadway musical version of
Peter Pan, which had been
created in 1954, starring Mary Martin, is presented on television for the
first time by NBC-TV. It is also the first time
that a stage musical is presented in its entirety on TV exactly as
it was performed on stage. This program gains the largest
viewership of a TV special up to this time, and it becomes one of
the first great TV children's classics.
May 15 – The Austrian State Treaty, which restores
Austria's national sovereignty, is concluded between the four
occupying powers following World War II (the United Kingdom, the
United States, the Soviet Union, and France) and Austria, setting
up Austria as a neutral country.
first nuclear-generated electrical power is sold commercially,
partially powering the town of Arco, Idaho.
The Illinois Governor, William
Stratton, signs the "Loyalty Oath Act", passed by the State
Legislature, which mandates all public employees take a loyalty
oath to Illinois and the United States, or lose their jobs.
The first Geneva Summit meeting between the United States, the
Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and France begins. It ends on