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1984 Summer Olympics boycott: Map

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The Soviet-led boycott of the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angelesmarker, Californiamarker, United Statesmarker followed the American-led boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscowmarker.

The boycott involved 14 Eastern Bloc countries and allies, including the Soviet Unionmarker, Cubamarker and East Germanymarker (but not Romaniamarker), that refused to participate in the 1984 Olympics. The USSR announced its intentions on May 8, 1984, citing security concerns and claiming that "chauvinistic sentiments and an anti-Soviet hysteria [were] being whipped up in the United States", but most observers saw it as revenge for the boycott of the 1980 Moscow Games, enforced by President Jimmy Carter, in response to the 1979 Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan. Among those subscribing to the revenge hypothesis was Peter Ueberroth, the chief organizer of the 1984 L.A. Games, who expressed his views in a press conference after the boycott was announced, on the same day that the Olympic Torch Relay in the United States began in New York Citymarker. President Ronald Reagan later stated he believed the Soviets feared some of their athletes might defect.

Iran was the only country not to attend both the 1980 Moscow and the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics. For different reasons, Libyamarker also boycotted.

The boycott affected a large number of Olympic events that were normally dominated by the absent countries. Boycotting countries organized another major event, called the Friendship Games, in July-August, 1984.

Boycotting governments

Incomplete map of olympic boycotts, showing 1984 boycotting countries in red and orange


15 or 17 (from different sources) in all, list not complete
Soviet Bloc


Despite being considered part of the Soviet Bloc, permitted its athletes to participate, while may not have participated because they were not invited by the IOCmarker.

Others


The Boycott in Popular Culture

In The Simpsons Season 4 episode "Lisa's First Word," Krusty Burger is featured in a promotion where the characters get free food if they receive a slip that features an event that was "won" by the United States. However the promotion was rigged to feature events in which the Soviets never lose, but that backfired due to the boycott and Krusty Burger lost money. This was based on the McDonalds "If the US Wins, You Win" promotion which promised a Big Mac for every Gold Medal, French Fries for every Silver Medal, and a Coca-Cola for every Bronze Medal. Like the fictional promotion, McDonalds also lost money.

See also



References


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