The Full Wiki

200 metres: Map

Advertisements
  
  
  

Wikipedia article:

Map showing all locations mentioned on Wikipedia article:



A 200 metres race is a sprint running event. On an outdoor 400 m track, the race begins on the curve and ends on the home straight, so a combination of techniques are needed to successfully run the race. A slightly shorter race, called the stadion and run on a straight track, was the first recorded event at the Ancient Olympics. The 200 m places more emphasis on speed endurance than shorter sprint distances as athletes rely on different energy systems during the longer sprint.

In the United Statesmarker and elsewhere, athletes previously ran the 220-yard dash (201.168 m) instead of the 200 m, though the distance is now obsolete. The standard adjustment used for the conversion from times recorded over 220 yards to 200 m times is to subtract 0.1 seconds, but other conversion methods exist.

The race attracts runners from other events wishing to double up and claim both titles. This feat has been achieved nine times at the Olympic Games, most recently by Jamaica'smarker Usain Bolt in 2008. An Olympic double of 200 m and 400 m was first achieved by Valerie Brisco-Hooks in 1984, and later by Michael Johnson from the United Statesmarker and Marie-José Pérec of Francemarker both in 1996.

The men's world record holder is Usain Bolt, who ran 19.19 s at the 2009 World Championships. The women's world record holder is Florence Griffith-Joyner of the United Statesmarker, who ran 21.34 s at the 1988 Summer Olympics. The reigning Olympic champions are Usain Bolt and Veronica Campbell-Brown, both of whom are from Jamaicamarker.

Because humans use the same muscles for both support and forward speed, the runners in the inside lanes are disadvantaged by centrifugal force during the bend phase. Consequently, the middle and outer lanes are preferred.

All-time fastest 200 m athletes

Only the fastest time for each athlete is listed.

Men

.


Rank Res. Wind Athlete Nation Date Location
1. 19.19 −0.3 Usain Bolt 20 August 2009 Berlinmarker
2. 19.32 +0.4 Michael Johnson 1 August 1996 Atlantamarker
3. 19.58 +1.3 Tyson Gay 30 May 2009 New York Citymarker
4. 19.63 +0.4 Xavier Carter 11 July 2006 Lausannemarker
5. 19.65 0.0 Wallace Spearmon 28 September 2006 Daegumarker
6. 19.68 +0.4 Frankie Fredericks 1 August 1996 Atlantamarker
7. 19.69 +0.9 Walter Dix 26 May 2007 Gainesvillemarker
8. 19.72 +1.8 Pietro Mennea 12 September 1979 Mexico Citymarker
9. 19.73 −0.2 Michael Marsh 5 August 1992 Barcelonamarker
10. 19.75 +1.5 Carl Lewis 19 June 1983 Indianapolismarker
+1.8 Joe DeLoach 28 September 1988 Seoulmarker


Women

.


Rank Res. Wind Athlete Nation Date Location
1. 21.34 +1.3 Florence Griffith-Joyner 29 September 1988 Seoulmarker
2. 21.62 −0.6 Marion Jones 11 September 1998 Johannesburgmarker
3. 21.64 +0.8 Merlene Ottey 13 September 1991 Brusselsmarker
4. 21.71 +0.7 Marita Koch 10 June 1979 Karl-Marx-Stadtmarker
+1.2 Heike Drechsler 29 June 1986 Jenamarker
6. 21.72 +1.3 Grace Jackson 29 September 1988 Seoulmarker
−0.1 Gwen Torrence 15 August 1992 Barcelonamarker
8. 21.74 +0.4 Marlies Göhr 3 June 1984 Erfurtmarker
+1.2 Silke Gladisch-Möller 3 September 1987 Romemarker
−0.6 Veronica Campbell-Brown 21 August 2008 Beijing


Olympic medalists

Men

1900 Paris
1904 St. Louis
1908 London
1912 Stockholm
1920 Antwerp
1924 Paris
1928 Amsterdam
1932 Los Angeles
1936 Berlin
1948 London
1952 Helsinki
1956 Melbourne
1960 Rome
1964 Tokyo
1968 Mexico City
1972 Munich
1976 Montreal
1980 Moscow
1984 Los Angeles
1988 Seoul
1992 Barcelona
1996 Atlanta
2000 Sydney
2004 Athens
2008 Beijing


Women

1948 London
1952 Helsinki
1956 Melbourne
1960 Rome
1964 Tokyo
1968 Mexico City
1972 Munich
1976 Montreal
1980 Moscow
1984 Los Angeles
1988 Seoul
1992 Barcelona
1996 Atlanta
2000 Sydney vacant
2004 Athens
2008 Beijing


World Championship medalists

Men

1983 Calvin Smith (USA) Elliott Quow (USA) Pietro Mennea (ITA)
1987 Calvin Smith (USA) Gilles Queneherve (FRA) John Regis (GBR)
1991 Michael Johnson (USA) Frankie Fredericks (NAM) Atlee Mahorn (CAN)
1993 Frankie Fredericks (NAM) John Regis (GBR) Carl Lewis (USA)
1995 Michael Johnson (USA) Frankie Fredericks (NAM) Jeff Williams (USA)
1997 Ato Boldon (TRI) Frankie Fredericks (NAM) Claudinei da Silva (BRA)
1999 Maurice Greene (USA) Claudinei da Silva (BRA) Francis Obikwelu (NIG)
2001 Konstantinos Kenteris (GRE) Christopher Williams (JAM) Shawn Crawford (USA)
2003 John Capel (USA) Darvis Patton (USA) Shingo Suetsugu (JPN)
2005 Justin Gatlin (USA) Wallace Spearmon (USA) John Capel (USA)
2007 Tyson Gay (USA) Usain Bolt (JAM) Wallace Spearmon (USA)
2009 Usain Bolt (JAM) Alonso Edward (PAN) Wallace Spearmon (USA)


Women

1983 Marita Koch (GDR) Merlene Ottey (JAM) Kathy Smallwood-Cook (GBR)
1987 Silke Gladisch (GDR) Florence Griffith-Joyner (USA) Merlene Ottey (JAM)
1991 Katrin Krabbe (GER) Gwen Torrence (USA) Merlene Ottey (JAM)
1993 Merlene Ottey (JAM) Gwen Torrence (USA) Irina Privalova (RUS)
1995 Merlene Ottey (JAM) Irina Privalova (RUS) Galina Malchugina (RUS)
1997 Zhanna Pintusevich-Block (UKR) Susanthika Jayasinghe (SRI) Merlene Ottey (JAM)
1999 Inger Miller (USA) Beverly McDonald (JAM) Merlene Frazer (JAM)Andrea Philipp (GER)
2001 Marion Jones (USA) Debbie Ferguson (BAH) LaTasha Jenkins (USA)
2003 Anastasiya Kapachinskaya (RUS) Torri Edwards (USA) Muriel Hurtis (FRA)
2005 Allyson Felix (USA) Rachelle Boone-Smith (USA) Christine Arron (FRA)
2007 Allyson Felix (USA) Veronica Campbell-Brown (JAM) Susanthika Jayasinghe (SRI)
2009 Allyson Felix (USA) Veronica Campbell-Brown (JAM) Debbie Ferguson (BAH)


Notes

  1. http://www.cbc.ca/sports/iaaf/how/200m.html
  2. On 5 October 2007, Marion Jones of the United States admitted to having taken performance enhancing drugs prior to the 2000 Summer Olympics. On 9 October, she relinquished her medals to the United States Olympic Committee and on 12 December, the International Olympic Committee formally stripped her of her medals. However, the IOC did not decide on re-awarding the medals as it said it needed more time to consider the drug probe in which Jones was caught. The IOC said the upgrades following the disqualification of Jones would not be automatic as the scandal involving the Bay Area Laboratory Co-Operative may also involve other athletes. The IOC has also formally contacted the U.S. Department of Justice to seek information about its investigation of BALCO. IOC president Jacques Rogge in December said that the medals would be redistributed only when the IOC is convinced that the investigation will not reveal any further issues.


References

  1. http://www.cbc.ca/sports/iaaf/how/200m.html
  2. On 5 October 2007, Marion Jones of the United States admitted to having taken performance enhancing drugs prior to the 2000 Summer Olympics. On 9 October, she relinquished her medals to the United States Olympic Committee and on 12 December, the International Olympic Committee formally stripped her of her medals. However, the IOC did not decide on re-awarding the medals as it said it needed more time to consider the drug probe in which Jones was caught. The IOC said the upgrades following the disqualification of Jones would not be automatic as the scandal involving the Bay Area Laboratory Co-Operative may also involve other athletes. The IOC has also formally contacted the U.S. Department of Justice to seek information about its investigation of BALCO. IOC president Jacques Rogge in December said that the medals would be redistributed only when the IOC is convinced that the investigation will not reveal any further issues.



Embed code:
Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message