Twenty-third United States Census will be the next
national census in the United States.
The census has been conducted every 10
years since 1790, as required by the United States Constitution
the previous one completed in 2000
- The Census Bureau will no longer use a separate long form for
the 2010 Census. In previous censuses, one in six households
received this more detailed form asking for detailed social and
economic information. The 2010 Census will use only a short-form
asking basic questions, such as name, gender, age, date of birth,
race, ethnicity, relationship, and housing tenure. Some individuals
have raised privacy concerns over providing this additional
- Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past
censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey. The
survey provides data about communities in the United States on a
yearly basis rather than once every 10 years. A small percentage of
the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each
year, and no household will receive it more than once every five
estimated in 2004
that the cost of the census could climb to over $11 billion. In a
detailed report to Congress
it called on the Census
to address cost and design issues.
won a six-year, $500
million contract to capture and standardize data for the census.
The contract includes systems, facilities, and staffing for about a
quarter of the projected $11.3 billion cost of the decennial
census. This will be the first census to use hand-held computing
devices with GPS
capability. Unlike the 2000 census, an Internet response option
will not be offered.
In June 2009, the U.S. Census Bureau
announced it would count
same-sex married couples. However, technical problems with current
Census software may affect whether they are included in the census
as "married" or whether they will be listed as "unmarried
partners." , five states – Connecticut, Iowa, Massachusetts, New
Vermont – allow marriages between partners of any sex
combination to be performed by the state.
18,000 same-sex couples in California were married in 2008.
York and the District of Columbia (pending court challenge) recognize marriages
between partners of the same sex performed in other states as
Interracial and multiracial categories will be used in a United
States Census for the first time in 2010.
In April, 2009, the Census Bureau announced that it intended to
work with community
in an effort to count all illegal immigrants
in the United States for the census. In September, 2009, after
of questionable activities by staff of one of
these community organizations were made public, the partnership of
in the 2010 United States Census was terminated.
The results of the 2010 census will determine the number of seats
each state receives in the United States House of
starting with the 2012
. Consequently, this will also affect the number of
votes that states receive in the Electoral College
One projection for changes in representation in the House of
Representatives based on 2000-2008 growth rate from the Census
Bureau's population estimates are as follows:
- Probable gainers
- Probable losers
Other possible changes include California losing a seat, and North
Carolina gaining one. In addition, Florida may gain only one seat,
rather than two, and Oregon may gain a seat.
The 2010 census has garnered the attention of conspiracy theorists,
many focusing on the use of GPS
by census workers.
September 12, 2009, 51-year-old census worker Bill Sparkman was found hanged in Daniel Boone
National Forest in Kentucky with the word "fed" written on his chest.His death
was later ruled a suicide made to look like a murder in order not
to nullify his life insurance.
Also, organizations such as the Prison Policy Initiative
the Census counts of incarcerated men and women as residents of
prisons, rather than of their pre-incarceration addresses, will
skew political clout and result in misleading demographic and
- Preparing for a decennial task
- Budget of the United States Government, FY 2006
- Online Conspiracy Theorists Latch Onto Census GPS
Units, Kevin Poulson, Wired.com, September 24, 2009.
- F.B.I. Is Investigating the Death of a Federal
Census Field Worker, Associated Press, New York Times,
September 24, 2009.
- Police: Census worker made death look like homicide to get
money, Bill Estep, Lexington Herald-Leader, November 25,
- , Prisoners of the Census: Electoral and Financial
Consequences of Counting Prisoners Where They Go, Not Where They
Come From, Eric Lotke and Peter Wagner, Pace Law Review Volume 24,
Number 2, Spring 2004 Published April 2005.