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31st United States Congress: Map

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The Thirty-first United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C.marker from March 4, 1849 to March 3, 1851, during the last 17 months of the Zachary Taylor presidency and the first months of Millard Fillmore's. The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Sixth Census of the United States in 1840. The Senate had a Democratic majority, while there was a Democratic plurality in the House.

Major events



Major legislation



States admitted and territories organized



Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

TOTAL members: 62

House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 233

Leadership

Senate



House of Representatives



Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1850; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1852; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1854.

Alabama


Arkansas


California


Connecticut


Delaware


Florida


Georgia


Illinois


Indiana


Iowa


Kentucky
Louisiana


Maine


Maryland


Massachusetts


Michigan


Mississippi


Missouri


New Hampshire


New Jersey


New York
North Carolina


Ohio


Pennsylvania


Rhode Island


South Carolina


Tennessee


Texas


Vermont


Virginia


Wisconsin


House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide on the general ticket or otherwise at-large, are preceded by an "A/L," and the names of those elected from districts, whether plural or single member, are preceded by their district numbers.

Many of the congressional district numbers are linked to articles describing the district itself. Since the boundaries of the districts have changed often and substantially, the linked article may only describe the district as it exists today, and not as it was at the time of this Congress.

Alabama


Arkansas


California
Both representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Connecticut


Delaware


Florida


Georgia


Illinois


Indiana


Iowa


Kentucky


Louisiana


Maine


Maryland


Massachusetts


Michigan


Mississippi


Missouri


New Hampshire


New Jersey


New York


North Carolina


Ohio


Pennsylvania


Rhode Island


South Carolina


Tennessee


Texas


Vermont


Virginia


Wisconsin


Non-voting members





Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

  • replacements: 5
  • deaths: 1
  • resignations: 3
  • seats from newly admitted states: 2
  • interim appointments: 4
  • Total seats with changes: 8


House of Representatives

  • replacements: 11
  • deaths: 8
  • resignations: 5
  • contested election:1
  • seats from newly admitted states: 2
  • Total seats with changes: 16


Officers

Senate



House of Representatives



Notes



References



External links







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