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Macedonian Empire

  • Alexander the Great leaves Indiamarker and nominates his officer Peithon, son of Agenor, as the satrap of the region around the Indusmarker.
  • Alexander the Great orders his admiral, Nearchus, to sail from the Hydaspesmarker River in western India to the Persian Gulfmarker and up the Euphrates River to Babylonmarker while Alexander's army starts marching through Gedrosia (Baluchistanmarker).
  • While returning to Persia, Alexander's army runs into the Mallimarker clans (in modern day Multanmarker). The ensuing battle severely weakens his army. Alexander sends much of his remaining army to Carmania (modern southern Iranmarker) with his general Craterus, while he leads the rest of his forces back to Persiamarker by the southern route through the Gedrosian Desert (now part of southern Iranmarker and Makran in southern Pakistanmarker).
  • By the end of the year, Alexander's army reaches Persepolismarker, while his navy, under Nearchus, reaches Susamarker at around the same time.
  • The first known reference to sugar cane appears in writings by Alexander the Great's admiral Nearchus, who writes of Indian reeds "that produce honey, although there are no bees".



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