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34th United States Congress: Map

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The Thirty-fourth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C.marker from March 4, 1855 to March 4, 1857, during the last two years of the administration of U.S. President Franklin Pierce.

The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Seventh Census of the United States in 1850. The Senate had a Democratic majority, and the House had an anti-Democratic, coalition majority.

Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

During the time of the elections for the Thirty-Fourth Congress opponents to the Democrats used the Whig party label inconsistently and not at all in some states. Hence in this Congress, and in accordance with the practice of the Senate and House, representatives not associated with the Democratic Party or the American Party are labeled as “Opposition.” This is the first example in U.S. history of a form of coalition government in either house of Congress.

Senate
TOTAL members: 62
House of Representatives
TOTAL members: 234


Leadership

Senate
House of Representatives


Major events

Main article: Events of 1855; Events of 1856; Events of 1857


Major legislation



Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.
See also: 34th United States Congress - political parties
See also: 34th United States Congress - State Delegations
See also: United States House elections, 1854


Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1856; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1858; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1860.
See also: :Category:United States Senators
See also: :Category:United States congressional delegations by state


Alabama


Arkansas


California


Connecticut


Delaware


Florida


Georgia


Illinois


Indiana


Iowa
Kentucky


Louisiana


Maine


Maryland


Massachusetts


Michigan


Mississippi


Missouri


New Hampshire


New Jersey
New York


North Carolina


Ohio


Pennsylvania


Rhode Island


South Carolina


Tennessee


Texas


Vermont


Virginia


Wisconsin


House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide on the general ticket or otherwise at-large, are preceded by an "A/L," and the names of those elected from districts, whether plural or single member, are preceded by their district numbers.

Many of the congressional district numbers are linked to articles describing the district itself. Since the boundaries of the districts have changed often and substantially, the linked article may only describe the district as it exists today, and not as it was at the time of this Congress.
See also: :Category:Members of the United States House of Representatives
See also: :Category:United States congressional delegations by state


Alabama


Arkansas


California


Connecticut


Delaware


Florida


Georgia


Illinois


Indiana


Iowa


Kentucky


Louisiana


Maine


Maryland
Massachusetts


Michigan


Mississippi


Missouri


New Hampshire


New Jersey


New York


North Carolina
Ohio


Pennsylvania


Rhode Island


South Carolina


Tennessee


Texas


Vermont


Virginia


Wisconsin


Delegates

Kansas Territory


Minnesota Territory


Nebraska Territory


New Mexico Territory


Oregon Territory


Utah Territory


Washington Territory


Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.
Senate
  • replacements: 2
  • deaths: 1
  • resignations: 1
  • interim appointments: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 10
House of Representatives
  • replacements: 6
  • deaths: 4
  • resignations: 5
  • contested election: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 10


Officers

Senate
Other
House of Representatives


Notes

  1. The parties that opposed the Democrats joined a coalition and formed the majority.
  2. Both representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.


References



External links







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