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36th United States Congress: Map

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The Thirty-sixth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United Statesmarker federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C.marker from March 4, 1859 to March 4, 1861, during the third and fourth years of James Buchanan's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Seventh Census of the United States in 1850. The Senate had a Democratic majority, and the House had a Republican plurality.

Major events

Major legislation



States admitted and territories organized



Party summary

Kansasmarker was newly admitted to the Union and first represented as a state in this Congress. South Carolinamarker, Mississippimarker, Alabamamarker, Floridamarker, Louisianamarker, Georgiamarker, and Texasmarker declared their secession from the Union during this Congress and withdrew their representatives.

In this session, the Republican party had its first plurality in the House, but was four members short of a majority, until Southern Democrats began withdrawing near the end of the term. The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

TOTAL members: 66

House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 238

Leadership

Senate

House of Representatives



Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1862; Class 2 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1864; and Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1860.

Alabama





Arkansas



California



Connecticut



Delaware



Florida

  • 1: Stephen R. Mallory (D), withdrew January 21, 1861, vacant for remainder of term
  • 3: David Levy Yulee (D), withdrew January 21, 1861, vacant for remainder of term


Georgia



Illinois



Indiana



Iowa



Kentucky



Louisiana

  • 2: Judah P. Benjamin (D), withdrew February 4, 1861, vacant for remainder of term
  • 3: John Slidell (D), withdrew February 4, 1861, vacant for remainder of term


Maine



Maryland



Massachusetts



Michigan



Minnesota



Mississippi

  • 2: Albert G. Brown (D), withdrew January 12, 1861, vacant for remainder of term
  • 1: Jefferson Davis (D), withdrew January 21, 1861, vacant for remainder of term


Missouri



New Hampshire



New Jersey



New York



North Carolina



Ohio



Oregon



Pennsylvania



Rhode Island



South Carolina

  • 3: James H. Hammond (D), withdrew November 11, 1860, vacant for remainder of term
  • 2: James Chesnut, Jr. (D), withdrew November 10, 1860, vacant for remainder of term


Tennessee



Texas



Vermont



Virginia



Wisconsin





House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide on the general ticket or otherwise at-large, are preceded by an "A/L," and the names of those elected from districts, whether plural or single member, are preceded by their district numbers.

Alabama

  • . James A. Stallworth (D), withdrew January 21, 1861, vacant for remainder of term
  • . James L. Pugh (D), withdrew January 21, 1861, vacant for remainder of term
  • . David Clopton (D), withdrew January 21, 1861, vacant for remainder of term
  • . Sydenham Moore (D), withdrew January 21, 1861, vacant for remainder of term
  • . George S. Houston (D), withdrew January 21, 1861, vacant for remainder of term
  • . Williamson R. W. Cobb (D), withdrew January 30, 1861, vacant for remainder of term
  • . Jabez L. M. Curry (D), withdrew January 21, 1861, vacant for remainder of term


Arkansas



California



Connecticut



Delaware



Florida

  • . George S. Hawkins (D), withdrew January 21, 1861, vacant for remainder of term


Georgia

  • . Peter E. Love (D), retired January 23, 1861, vacant for remainder of term
  • . Martin J. Crawford (D), withdrew January 23, 1861, vacant for remainder of term
  • . Thomas Hardeman, Jr. (O), withdrew January 23, 1861, vacant for remainder of term
  • . Lucius J. Gartrell (D), retired January 23, 1861, vacant for remainder of term
  • . John W. H. Underwood (D), withdrew January 23, 1861, vacant for remainder of term
  • . James Jackson (D), retired January 23, 1861, vacant for remainder of term
  • . Joshua Hill (O), resigned January 23, 1861, vacant for remainder of term
  • . John J. Jones (D), withdrew January 23, 1861, vacant for remainder of term


Illinois



Indiana



Iowa



Kansas



Kentucky



Louisiana



Maine



Maryland



Massachusetts



Michigan



Minnesota

Both representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Mississippi

  • . Lucius Q. C. Lamar (D), retired December ????, 1860, vacant for remainder of term
  • . Reuben Davis (D), withdrew January 12, 1861, vacant for remainder of term
  • . William Barksdale (D), withdrew January 12, 1861, vacant for remainder of term
  • . Otho R. Singleton (D), withdrew January 12, 1861, vacant for remainder of term
  • . John J. McRae (D), withdrew January 12, 1861, vacant for remainder of term


Missouri



New Hampshire



New Jersey



New York



North Carolina



Ohio



Oregon



Pennsylvania



Rhode Island



South Carolina

  • . John McQueen (D), retired December 21, 1860, vacant for remainder of term
  • . William P. Miles (D), retired December 21, 1860, vacant for remainder of term
  • . Laurence M. Keitt (D), retired December, 1860, vacant for remainder of term
  • . Milledge L. Bonham (D), retired December 21, 1860, vacant for remainder of term
  • . John D. Ashmore (D), retired December 21, 1860, vacant for remainder of term
  • . William W. Boyce (D), retired December 21, 1860, vacant for remainder of term


Tennessee



Texas



Vermont



Virginia



Wisconsin



Non-voting members





Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

  • Replacements: 3
  • Deaths: 1
  • Resignations: 1
  • Interim appointments: 1
  • Withdrawals: 13
  • Total seats with changes: 17


House of Representatives



  • Deaths: 4
  • Resignations: 3
  • Contested election: 1
  • Withdrawals: 28
  • Total seats with changes: 41


Officers



Senate



House of Representatives



References



External links




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