The Full Wiki

More info on 38th Infantry Division (United States)

38th Infantry Division (United States): Map

Advertisements
  
  

Wikipedia article:

Map showing all locations mentioned on Wikipedia article:



The 38th Infantry Division is an Army National Guard division in the United States Army headquartered at Stout Field in Indianapolis, Indianamarker and presently undergoing transformation. As a division, it saw service in both World War I and World War II.

Company D (Ranger), 151st Infantry was one of a small number of National Guard units mobilized for service in the Republic of Vietnam and was one of the most highly decorated units to serve in that conflict. Since September 11, 2001, the 38th Infantry Division has provided headquarters and forces for a variety of operational rotations including Operation Iraqi Freedom (Iraqmarker), Operation Enduring Freedom (Afghanistanmarker), Operation Joint Forge (Bosniamarker), Operation Joint Guardian (Kosovomarker), Combined Joint Task Force - Horn of Africa (Djiboutimarker), Multi-National Forces and Observers Mission (Egyptmarker), United States Air Forces Europe Force Protection (Englandmarker, Germanymarker, Italymarker, and Belgiummarker), and Operation Noble Eagle (Continental United Statesmarker) Rotations I through IV.

In 1996, over 7,000 soldiers from the 38th Infantry Division (from Indianamarker, Ohiomarker, and Michiganmarker) supported the Centennial Olympic Games in Atlanta, Georgiamarker. In 2005, the Division Headquarters mobilized in the support of Hurricane Katrina relief operations (dubbed "Task Force Cyclone") and exercised command and control of all National Guard forces in the State of Mississippimarker.

World War I

The Division was activated in August 1917 as a National Guard Division from Indiana, Kentucky, and West Virginia. It had previously been in existence for a few months as the 17th Division, drawing personnel from Indiana and Kentucky only.

While training for the European war at Camp Shelby, Mississippi, the 38th was hit by a cyclone, killing Pvt. Vaughn D. Beekman, and giving the 38th the nickname of Cyclone Division.

World War II



Combat Chronicle

The 38th Infantry Division arrived in Hawaiimarker on 17 January 1944. It received further training and the duty of the defense of Oahumarker. Elements trained in the Oro Bay area, New Guinea, from July to November; then moved to Leyte in December. Enemy paratroops attempted to capture the Buri, Bayug, and San Pablo strips on 6 December. The 149th Infantry Regiment destroyed organized resistance, 11 December, and defended the strips until relieved, 4 January 1945. The Division landed in the San Narciso area in Southern Zambalesmarker Province, Luzonmarker, 29 January 1945, without opposition. The San Marcelinomarker airstrip was secured on the same day and the port facilities at Olongapomarker were captured on the 30th as well as Grande Island in Subic Baymarker after an amphibious landing. Driving west of Olongapo the 38th destroyed an intricate maze of enemy fortifications in Zig-Zag Pass. While elements landed at Marivelesmarker on the southern tip of the peninsula, 15 February, other units pushed down the east coast road to Pilar and across the neck of land to Bagac along the route of the March of Death. The Bataan Peninsulamarker was secured on 21 February, although mopping-up activities remained.

Elements moved to Corregidormarker, 24 February, to clear the enemy from the Rock. Units assaulted and captured Caballo Island, 27 March, Fort Drum on El Fraile Island, 13 April, and Carabao Island, 16 April. The 38th engaged enemy forces in the mountainous terrain between Fort Stotsenburg and Mount Pinatubomarker, 10 March. Elements pushed north from San Felipe to Palauig Bay and east from Botolan along the Capas Trail cutting the enemy's withdrawal route. The Division moved to the area east of Manilamarker, 1 May, and attacked enemy forces behind the Shimbu Line. By 30 June effective enemy opposition had been broken. The 38th continued mopping up enemy remnants in the Marikina area of eastern Luzon until VJ Day.

Current Structure

Structure 38th Infantry Division
38th Infantry Division consists of the following elements:
  • Division Special Troops Battalion
  • 37th Brigade Combat Team (OH NG)
    • 37th Brigade Special Troops Battalion
    • 1st Squadron, 126th Cavalry Regiment (MI NG)
    • 1st Battalion, 125th Infantry Regiment (MI NG)
    • 1st Battalion, 148th Infantry Regiment
    • 1st Battalion, 134th Field Artillery Regiment
    • 237th Brigade Support Battalion
  • 76th Brigade Combat Team (IN NG)
    • 76th Brigade Special Troops Battalion
    • 1st Squadron, 238th Cavalry Regiment (RSTA)
    • 1st Battalion, 152nd Infantry Regiment
    • 1st Battalion, 293rd Infantry Regiment
    • 1st Battalion, 163rd Field Artillery Regiment
    • 113th Brigade Support Battalion
  • 278th Brigade Combat Team (TN NG)
    • 278th Brigade Special Troops Battalion
    • 1st Squadron, 278th Cavalry Regiment (RSTA)
    • 3rd Battalion, 109th Armor Regiment
    • 4th Battalion, 117th Infantry Regiment
    • 3rd Battalion, 115th Field Artillery Regiment
    • 473rd Brigade Support Battalion
  • Combat Aviation Brigade, 38th Infantry Division (IN NG)
    • Headquarters and Headquarters Company
    • 1st (Attack) Battalion, 130th Aviation Regiment (North Carolina National Guard)
    • 1st (Assault) Battalion, 137th Aviation Regiment (Ohio/Indiana National Guard)
    • 2nd (S&S) Battalion, 151st Aviation Regiment (South Carolina/Virginia/Florida/North Carolina/Georgia/Alabama National Guard)
    • 3rd (General Aviation Support) Battalion, 238th Aviation Regiment (Michigan/Delaware/Ohio/New Hampshire/Indiana National Guard)
    • 638th Aviation Support Battalion (Indiana/Ohio/North Carolina/Indiana/Massachusetts National Guard)


Attached Units



See also



References

  1. Camp Atterbury "In the News", 3 September 2005. Accessed 18 August 2008.
  2. 38th Infantry Division (Mechanized) "Cyclone" Accessed 18 August 2008.




External links




Embed code:
Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message