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38th United States Congress: Map

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The Thirty-eighth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C.marker from March 4, 1863 to March 4, 1865, during the last two years of the first administration of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Eighth Census of the United States in 1860. Both houses had a Republican majority.

Major events

  • American Civil War, which had started in 1861, continued through this Congress and ended later in 1865


Major legislation



Treaties ratified



States admitted and seceded and Territories organized

States admitted

  • June 19, 1863 — West Virginiamarker admitted (formed from a portion of Virginiamarker), (See also )
  • October 31, 1864 — Nevadamarker admitted, (See also )


States seceded

Congress did not accept secession. Secessionists were not eligible for Congress, and the states of the Confederacy did not hold elections for it.
  • Already seceded in 1861: South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, Tennessee


Territory organized



Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

TOTAL members: 52

House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 184

Leadership

Senate



Majority (Republican) leadership



House of Representatives



Majority (Republican) leadership



Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1868; Class 2 meant their term ended in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1864; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1866.

Alabama

  • 2: vacant
  • 3: vacant


Arkansas

  • 2: vacant
  • 3: vacant


California



Connecticut



Delaware



Florida

  • 1: vacant
  • 3: vacant


Georgia

  • 2: vacant
  • 3: vacant


Illinois



Indiana



Iowa



Kansas



Kentucky



Louisiana

  • 2: vacant
  • 3: vacant


Maine



Maryland



Massachusetts



Michigan



Minnesota



Mississippi

  • 1: vacant
  • 2: vacant


Missouri



Nevada



New Hampshire



New Jersey



New York



North Carolina

  • 2: vacant
  • 3: vacant


Ohio



Oregon



Pennsylvania



Rhode Island



South Carolina

  • 2: vacant
  • 3: vacant


Tennessee

  • 1: vacant
  • 2: vacant


Texas

  • 1: vacant
  • 2: vacant


Vermont



Virginia



West Virginia



Wisconsin



House of Representatives



Alabama

  • All seats vacant


Arkansas

  • All seats vacant


California

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.



Connecticut



Delaware



Florida

  • All seats vacant


Georgia

  • All seats vacant


Illinois



Indiana



Iowa



Kansas



Kentucky



Louisiana

  • All seats vacant


Maine



Maryland



Massachusetts



Michigan



Minnesota



Mississippi

  • All seats vacant


Missouri



Nevada



New Hampshire



New Jersey



New York



North Carolina

  • All seats vacant


Ohio



Oregon



Pennsylvania



Rhode Island



South Carolina

  • All seats vacant


Tennessee

  • All seats vacant


Texas

  • All seats vacant


Vermont



Virginia

  • All seats vacant


West Virginia



Wisconsin



Non-voting members



Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

  • replacements: 2
  • deaths: 1
  • resignations: 2
  • interim appointments: 1
  • seats of newly admitted seats: 4
  • Total seats with changes: 4


House of Representatives

  • replacements: 6
  • deaths: 3
  • resignations: 3
  • contested election: 1
  • seats of newly admitted seats: 4
  • Total seats with changes: 7


Employees



Senate



House of Representatives



References



External links




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