The Full Wiki

38th parallel north: Map

Advertisements
  
  
  

Wikipedia article:

Map showing all locations mentioned on Wikipedia article:



The 38th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 38 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Europe, the Mediterranean Seamarker, Asia, the Pacific Oceanmarker, North America, and the Atlantic Oceanmarker.

The 38th parallel north has been especially important in the recent history of Koreamarker.

Korea



The 38th parallel was first suggested as a dividing line for Korea in 1902 . Russiamarker was attempting to pull Korea under its control, while Japan had just secured recognition of its rights in Korea from the British. In an attempt to prevent any conflict, Japan proposed to Russia that the two sides split Korea into separate spheres of influence along the 38th parallel. However, no formal agreement was ever reached, and Japan later took full control of Korea.

After the surrender of Japan in 1945, the parallel was established as the boundary by Dean Rusk and Charles Bonesteel of the US State-War Navy Coordinating Committee in Washington during the night of 10-11 August 1945, four days before the complete liberation of Korea. The parallel divided the peninsula roughly in the middle. In 1948, the dividing line became the boundary between the newly independent countries of Northmarker and South Koreamarker. On 25 June 1950, North Korean forces crossed the parallel and invaded South Korea, sparking the Korean War.

After the ceasefire that effectively ended the Korean War in 1953, a new border was established through the middle of the Demilitarized Zone, which cuts across the 38th parallel at an acute angle, from southwest to northeast. The 38th parallel was also the place where the ceasefire was called to end the fighting.

Geography

Starting at the Prime Meridian heading eastwards, the 38th parallel north passes through:

{| class="wikitable"


References

See also



Further Reading

  • Oberdorfer, Don. The Two Koreas: A Contemporary History. (1997)


Co-ordinates
Country, territory or sea
Notes
Mediterranean Seamarker
Passing just north of the island of Marettimomarker,
Islands of Levanzomarker and Sicily
Mediterranean Seamarker
Strait of Messinamarker
Mediterranean Seamarker
Ionian Seamarker - passing between the islands of Kefaloniamarker and Zakinthosmarker,
Passing through Athensmarker
Aegean Seamarker
Islands of Petalioi and Euboeamarker
Aegean Seamarker
Passing just north of the island of Androsmarker,
Caspian Seamarker
Passing just north of Ashgabatmarker
Xinjiang

/> Qinghaimarker

/
> Gansumarker

/
> Inner Mongolia

/> Ningxia

/> Inner Mongolia

/> Shaanximarker

/
> Shanximarker - passing just north of Taiyuanmarker

/
> Hebeimarker - passing just north of Shijiazhuangmarker

/
> Shandongmarker
Yellow Seamarker
Passing just north of Baengnyeong Islandmarker,
Ongjin Peninsula
Yellow Seamarker
Ongjin Bay
Sea of Japanmarker (East Sea)
Island of Sado
Sea of Japanmarker (East Sea)
Island of Honshūmarker
Pacific Oceanmarker
Californiamarker

/
> Nevadamarker

/
> Utahmarker

/
> Coloradomarker

/
> Kansasmarker

/
> Missourimarker

/
> Illinoismarker

/
> Indianamarker

/
> Kentuckymarker

/
> West Virginiamarker

/
> Virginiamarker
Chesapeake Bay
Marylandmarker

/
> Virginiamarker
Atlantic Oceanmarker
Passing between São Miguelmarker and Picomarker islands, Azores,
Mediterranean Seamarker

Embed code:
Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message