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The Thirty-ninth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C.marker from March 4, 1865 to March 4, 1867, during the second administration of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln, and the first two years of the administration of his successor, U.S. President Andrew Johnson.

The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Eighth Census of the United States in 1860. Both chambers had a Republican majority.

Dates of sessions

March 4, 1865 - March 3, 1867
  • Special session of the Senate:
  • First session: December 4, 1865 - July 28, 1866
  • Second session: December 3, 1866 - March 3, 1867 — a lame duck session
Previous congress: 38th Congress

Next congress: 40th Congress

Party summary

Tennesseemarker was readmitted to representation in this Congress.

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate
TOTAL members: 54
House of Representatives
TOTAL members: 193


Leadership

Senate
House of Representatives




Major events

Main article: Events of 1865; Events of 1866; Events of 1867


Major legislation



Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.
See also: 39th United States Congress - political parties
See also: 39th United States Congress - State Delegations
See also: United States House elections, 1864


Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1868; Class 2 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1870; and Class 3 meant their term ended in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1866.
See also: :Category:United States Senators
See also: :Category:United States congressional delegations by state


Alabama
  • 2: vacant
  • 3: vacant


Arkansas
  • 2: vacant
  • 3: vacant


California


Connecticut


Delaware


Florida
  • 1: vacant
  • 3: vacant


Georgia
  • 2: vacant
  • 3: vacant


Illinois


Indiana


Iowa


Kansas


Kentucky
Louisiana
  • 2: vacant
  • 3: vacant


Maine


Maryland


Massachusetts


Michigan


Minnesota


Mississippi
  • 1: vacant
  • 2: vacant


Missouri


Nebraska


Nevada


New Hampshire


New Jersey
New York


North Carolina
  • 2: vacant
  • 3: vacant


Ohio


Oregon


Pennsylvania


Rhode Island


South Carolina
  • 2: vacant
  • 3: vacant


Tennessee


Texas
  • 1: vacant
  • 2: vacant


Vermont


Virginia
  • 1: vacant
  • 2: vacant


West Virginia


Wisconsin


House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide on the general ticket or otherwise at-large, are preceded by an "A/L," and the names of those elected from districts, whether plural or single member, are preceded by their district numbers.

Many of the congressional district numbers are linked to articles describing the district itself. Since the boundaries of the districts have changed often and substantially, the linked article may only describe the district as it exists today, and not as it was at the time of this Congress.
See also: :Category:Members of the United States House of Representatives
See also: :Category:United States congressional delegations by state


Alabama
  • all seats vacant


Arkansas
  • all seats vacant


California


Connecticut


Delaware


Florida
  • all seats vacant


Georgia
  • all seats vacant


Illinois


Indiana


Iowa


Kansas


Kentucky


Louisiana
  • all seats vacant


Maine


Maryland
Massachusetts


Michigan


Minnesota


Mississippi
  • all seats vacant


Missouri


Nebraska


Nevada


New Hampshire


New Jersey


New York
North Carolina
  • all seats vacant


Ohio


Oregon


Pennsylvania


Rhode Island


South Carolina
  • all seats vacant


Tennessee


Texas
  • all seats vacant


Vermont


Virginia
  • all seats vacant


West Virginia


Wisconsin


Delegates

Arizona Territory


Colorado Territory


Dakota Territory


Idaho Territory


Montana Territory


Nebraska Territory


New Mexico Territory


Utah Territory


Washington Territory


Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.
Senate
  • replacements: 7
  • deaths:
  • resignations:
  • vacancy:
  • Total seats with changes:
House of Representatives
  • replacements: 6
  • deaths:
  • resignations:
  • contested election:
  • Total seats with changes:


Officers

Senate
Other
House of Representatives


References



External links







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