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The 441st Troop Carrier Group is an inactive United States Air Force Reserve organization. Its last assignment was to the 441st Troop Carrier Wing, stationed at Chicago-Orchard Aprt, Illinois , on 14 Mar 1951.

During World War II, the grooup was a C-47 Skytrain transport unit assigned to Ninth Air Forces in Western Europe. The 441st TCG group flew combat paratroopers on airborne assaults on Normandy (Operation Overlord); Southern France (Operation Dragoon); Holland (Operation Market-Garden), and Germany (Operation Varsitymarker). It also flew combat resupply misisons in the relief of Bastogne in 1945.

History

Lineage

  • Constituted as 441st Troop Carrier Group on May 25, 1943
Activated on 1 Aug 1943
Inactivated on September 30, 1946
  • Established as 41st Troop Carrier Wing, Medium, on 10 May 1949
Activated in the Reserve on 27 Jun 1949
Ordered into active service on 10 Mar 1951
Inactivated on 14 Mar 1951


Assignments

Attached to Supreme Headquarters, Allied Expeditionary Forces, 20 May-10 Aug 1945


Components

Group
  • 441st Troop Carrier Group, 27 Jun 1949-14 Mar 1951


Squadrons
  • 99th Troop Carrier Squadron (3J), 1 Aug 1943-27 Mar 1946
  • 100th Troop Carrier Squadron (8C), 1 Aug 1943-15 Feb 1946
  • 301st Troop Carrier Squadron (Z4), 1 Aug 1943-18 May 1945
  • 302d Troop Carrier Squadron (2L), 1 Aug 1943-15 May 1945


Stations



Aircraft Flown



Operational History

World War II

Douglas C-47A-80-DL Serial 43-15135 of the 302d TCS
Douglas C-47A-25-DK Skytrain Serial 42-93708 of the 301st TCS
Constituted as 441st Troop Carrier Group on May 25, 1943. Activated on August 1, 1943. Used C-47's to train for overseas duty. Moved to RAF Langar England, February–March 1944, and assigned to Ninth Air Force. The group was assigned to the 50th Troop Carrier Wing, IX Troop Carrier Command. It was scheduled to be assigned to Langar, however it only remained until April 25 until being moved to RAF Merryfield.

From Merryfield, the group participated in the D-Day operation, dropping 101st Airborne Division paratroops near Cherbourgmarker, then carried out re-supply and glider delivery missions the following day. For its efficiency and achievements during these two days it was, like other troop carrier groups, awarded a Distinguished Unit Citation. During these missions, three C-47s and two CG-4A gliders were missing in action.

The group's aircraft flew supplies into Normandy as soon as suitable landing strips were available and evacuated casualties to Merryfield. On July 17 the air echelons of the 99th, 100th and 302nd Troop Carrier Squadrons new to Grosseto airbase in Italymarker to prepare for operations connected with the invasion of southern France returning to Merryfield on August 24.

Meanwhile, the 301st TCS remained active on the Normandy shuttle while supplies were urgently needed for the advancing Allied armies, although operating from RAF Ramsburymarker from August 7 until the other squadrons returned.

Soon afterwards word was received that the 50th Troop Carrier Wing would move to Francemarker, the 441st being one of the first two groups, with headquarters leaving Merryfield on September 6 for its Advanced Landing Ground (ALG) at Villeneuve (ALG A-63).

From France the group dropped paratroops of 82nd and 101st Airborne Divisions near Nijmegenmarker on September 17 during the air attack on Holland, and towed gliders with reinforcements on 18 and September 23.

In December, the group transported ammunition, rations, medicine, and other supplies to troops of 101st Airborne Division surrounded by the enemy at Bastognemarker. Released gliders carrying troops of 17th Airborne Division near Weselmarker on March 24, 1945 when the Allies launched the airborne assault across the Rhinemarker. Hauled gasoline to armored columns in Germany after the Allies crossed the Rhine.

Continually transported freight and personnel in the theater when not participating in airborne operations. Evacuated casualties and prisoners who had been liberated.

The 441st remained overseas after the war as part of United States Air Forces in Europe, performing occupation duty from Frankfurtmarker Germany. It continued to transport personnel and equipment, using C-46, C-47, and C-109 aircraft.

The 441st Troop Carrier Group was inactivated at Frankfurt Germany on September 30, 1946.

Cold War

The 441st Troop Carrier Wing (Medium) was reactivated as a reserve unit in May 1949. Assigned C-46 Commando aircraft, the wing was inactivated in March 1951 when its equipment and personnel were transferred to active duty units during the Korean War.

References

  • Freeman, Roger A. (1994) UK Airfields of the Ninth: Then and Now 1994. After the Battle ISBN 0900913800
  • Freeman, Roger A. (1996) The Ninth Air Force in Colour: UK and the Continent-World War Two. After the Battle ISBN 1854092723
  • Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0892010924
  • Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings Lineage and Honors Histories 1947–1977. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0912799129.
  • Johnson, David C. (1988), U.S. Army Air Forces Continental Airfields (ETO), D-Day to V-E Day; Research Division, USAF Historical Research Center, Maxwell AFB, Alabama.


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