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The Forty-fourth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C.marker from March 4, 1875 to March 4, 1877, during the last two years of the second administration of U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant.

The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Ninth Census of the United States in 1870. The Senate had a Republican majority, and the House had a Democratic majority.

Dates of sessions

March 4, 1875 - March 3, 1877
  • Special Session of the Senate: March 5, 1875 – March 24, 1875
  • First session: December 6, 1875 - August 15, 1876
  • Second session: December 4, 1876 - March 3, 1877 — a lame duck session
Previous: 43rd Congress • Next: 45th Congress

Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

TOTAL members: 76

House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 293

Leadership

Senate
House of Representatives


Major events



Major legislation



States admitted

  • August 1, 1876 — Coloradomarker was admitted as a state into the Union.


Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.
See also: 44th United States Congress - political parties
See also: 44th United States Congress - State Delegations
See also: United States House elections, 1874


Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1880; Class 2 meant their term ended in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1876; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1878.
See also: :Category:United States Senators
See also: :Category:United States congressional delegations by state


Alabama


Arkansas


California


Colorado


Connecticut


Delaware


Florida


Georgia


Illinois


Indiana


Iowa


Kansas


Kentucky
Louisiana


Maine


Maryland


Massachusetts


Michigan


Minnesota


Mississippi


Missouri


Nebraska


Nevada


New Hampshire


New Jersey


New York
North Carolina


Ohio


Oregon


Pennsylvania


Rhode Island


South Carolina


Tennessee


Texas


Vermont


Virginia


West Virginia


Wisconsin


House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide on the general ticket or otherwise at-large, are preceded by an "A/L," and the names of those elected from districts, whether plural or single member, are preceded by their district numbers.

Many of the congressional district numbers are linked to articles describing the district itself. Since the boundaries of the districts have changed often and substantially, the linked article may only describe the district as it exists today, and not as it was at the time of this Congress.
See also: :Category:Members of the United States House of Representatives
See also: :Category:United States congressional delegations by state


Alabama


Arkansas


California


Colorado


Connecticut


Delaware


Florida


Georgia


Illinois


Indiana


Iowa


Kansas


Kentucky


Louisiana
Maine


Maryland


Massachusetts


Michigan


Minnesota


Mississippi


Missouri


Nebraska


Nevada


New Hampshire


New Jersey


New York
North Carolina


Ohio


Oregon


Pennsylvania


Rhode Island


South Carolina


Tennessee


Texas


Vermont


Virginia


West Virginia


Wisconsin


Delegates

Arizona Territory


Colorado Territory


Dakota Territory


Idaho Territory


Montana Territory


New Mexico Territory


Utah Territory


Washington Territory


Wyoming Territory


Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.
Senate
  • replacements: 4
  • deaths: 3
  • resignations: 1
  • vacancy: 1
  • interim appointments: 3
  • seats of newly admitted states: 2
  • Total seats with changes: 7
House of Representatives
  • replacements: 14
  • deaths: 9
  • resignations: 6
  • contested election: 5
  • seats of newly admitted states: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 21


Officers

Senate
Other
House of Representatives


References



External links







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