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45th United States Congress: Map

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The Forty-fifth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C.marker from March 4, 1877 to March 4, 1879, during the first two years of Rutherford Hayes's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Ninth Census of the United States in 1870. The Senate had a Republican majority, and the House had a Democratic majority.

Major events



Major legislation



Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

Total members: 76

House of Representatives

Total members: 293

Leadership

Senate

House of Representatives



Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1880; Class 2 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1882; and Class 3 meant their term ended in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1878.

Alabama



Arkansas



California



Colorado



Connecticut



Delaware



Florida



Georgia



Illinois



Indiana



Iowa



Kansas



Kentucky



Louisiana



Maine



Maryland



Massachusetts



Michigan



Minnesota



Mississippi



Missouri



Nebraska



Nevada



New Hampshire



New Jersey



New York



North Carolina



Ohio



Oregon



Pennsylvania



Rhode Island



South Carolina



Tennessee



Texas



Vermont



Virginia



West Virginia



Wisconsin



House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide on the general ticket or otherwise at-large, are preceded by an "A/L," and the names of those elected from districts, whether plural or single member, are preceded by their district numbers.

Alabama



Arkansas



California



Colorado



Connecticut



Delaware



Florida



Georgia



Illinois



Indiana



Iowa



Kansas



Kentucky



Louisiana



Maine



Maryland



Massachusetts



Michigan



Minnesota



Mississippi



Missouri



Nebraska



Nevada



New Hampshire



New Jersey



New York



North Carolina



Ohio



Oregon



Pennsylvania



Rhode Island



South Carolina



Tennessee



Texas



Vermont



Virginia



West Virginia



Wisconsin



Non-voting members



Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

  • replacements: 5
  • deaths: 2
  • resignations: 2
  • interim appointments: 1
  • contested elections: 2
  • Total seats with changes: 6


House of Representatives

  • replacements: 6
  • deaths: 7
  • resignations: 1
  • contested election: 5
  • Total seats with changes: 13


Officers



Senate



House of Representatives



References



External links




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