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The Forty-sixth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C.marker from March 4, 1879 to March 4, 1881, during the last two years of the administration of U.S. President Rutherford B. Hayes.

The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Ninth Census of the United States in 1870. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate
TOTAL members: 76
House of Representatives
TOTAL members: 293


Leadership

Senate
House of Representatives


Major events

Main article: Events of 1879; Events of 1880; Events of 1881


Samuel J. Randall was elected in one of the most tightly fought contests for the speakership after the Civil War. Randall, who favored the protective tariff and "hard money," drew his greatest strength from northern cities and greatest opposition from the west and south. The midterm elections of 1878 had gone badly for the Democrats, with the Greenback Party making inroads in key districts. This emboldened Randall's opponents, who rallied to the support of Joseph Blackburn from Kentucky. In the end, Randall prevailed in the Democratic caucus to receive the nomination, with 75 votes to Blackburn's 57 and a scattering of 9 votes to three other candidates. Blackburn, in moving to make Randall's nomination unanimous, steered his supporters away from the nomination of Hendrick B. Wright, a Democrat from Pennsylvania who was nominated by the Greenbacks. In the eventual vote in the House to elect the Speaker, Randall prevailed with 144 votes, to 125 for James Garfield (Republican from Ohio), 13 for Wright, and one for William "Pig Iron" Kelley (Pennsylvania).

Major legislation

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.
See also: 46th United States Congress - political parties
See also: 46th United States Congress - State Delegations
See also: United States House elections, 1878


Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1880; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1882; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1884.
See also: :Category:United States Senators
See also: :Category:United States congressional delegations by state


Alabama


Arkansas


California


Colorado


Connecticut


Delaware


Florida


Georgia


Illinois


Indiana


Iowa


Kansas
Kentucky


Louisiana


Maine


Maryland


Massachusetts


Michigan


Minnesota


Mississippi


Missouri


Nebraska


Nevada


New Hampshire


New Jersey
New York


North Carolina


Ohio


Oregon


Pennsylvania


Rhode Island


South Carolina


Tennessee


Texas


Vermont


Virginia


West Virginia


Wisconsin


House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide on the general ticket or otherwise at-large, are preceded by an "A/L," and the names of those elected from districts, whether plural or single member, are preceded by their district numbers.

Many of the congressional district numbers are linked to articles describing the district itself. Since the boundaries of the districts have changed often and substantially, the linked article may only describe the district as it exists today, and not as it was at the time of this Congress.
See also: :Category:Members of the United States House of Representatives
See also: :Category:United States congressional delegations by state


Alabama


Arkansas


California


Colorado


Connecticut


Delaware


Florida


Georgia


Illinois


Indiana


Iowa


Kansas


Kentucky


Louisiana
Maine


Maryland


Massachusetts


Michigan


Minnesota


Mississippi


Missouri


Nebraska


Nevada


New Hampshire


New Jersey


New York
North Carolina


Ohio


Oregon


Pennsylvania


Rhode Island


South Carolina


Tennessee


Texas


Vermont


Virginia


West Virginia


Wisconsin



Delegates

Arizona Territory


Dakota Territory


Idaho Territory


Montana Territory


New Mexico Territory


Utah Territory


Washington Territory


Wyoming Territory


Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.
Senate
  • replacements: 4
  • deaths: 3
  • resignations: 1
  • interim appointments: 2
  • Total seats with changes: 5
House of Representatives
  • replacements: 8
  • deaths: 6
  • resignations: 4
  • contested election: 2
  • Total seats with changes: 12


Officers

Senate
Other
House of Representatives


References



External links







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