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4th United States Congress: Map

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The Fourth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met at Congress Hallmarker in Philadelphiamarker Pennsylvaniamarker from March 4, 1795 to March 3, 1797, during the last two years of George Washington's Presidency.

The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the First Census of the United States in 1790. The Senate had a Federalist majority, and the House had a Democratic-Republican majority.

Major events



Major legislation

Treaties

Signed

Ratified



States admitted



Party summary

This was the first Congress to have organized political parties. Details on changes are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
     
Federalist Democratic-

Republican
Vacant
Begin (March 4, 1795) 21 11 32 0
? 1795 10 31 1
November 16, 1795 22 32 0
February 20, 1796 21 11
March 8, 1796 20 31 1
March 12, 1796 21 32 0
May 23, 1796 20 31 1
June 1, 1796 19 30 2
June 9, 1796 18 29 3
June 10, 1796 17 28 4
June 11, 1796 19 30 2
August 2, 1796 13 32
October 13, 1796 20 33 1
October 15, 1796 12 32 2
October 18, 1796 21 33 1
October 24, 1796 20 32 2
October 25, 1796 11 31 3
November 9, 1796 21 32 2
November 30, 1796 22 33 1
December 8, 1796 12 34 0
Final voting share 64.7% 35.3%


House of Representatives

Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
     
Democratic-

Republican
Federalist Vacant
Begin (March 4, 1795) 58 47 105 1
January 18, 1796 59 106 0
? 1796 44 103 3
March 28, 1796 58 102 4
May 5, 1796 59 103 3
June 1, 1796 58 102 4
June 1796 43 101 5
July 1, 1796 57 42 99 7
October 13, 1796 41 98 8
December 5, 1796 58 43 101 6
December 7, 1796 44 102 5
December 8, 1796 45 103 4
December 13, 1796 46 104 3
December 19, 1796 47 105 2
January 3, 1797 48 106 1
January 27, 1797 59 107 0
Final voting share 55.1% 44.9%
Non-voting members 1 0 1 0


Leadership

Senate



House of Representatives



Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1796; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1798; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1800.

Connecticut



Delaware



Georgia



Kentucky



Maryland



Massachusetts



New Hampshire



New Jersey



New York



North Carolina



Pennsylvania



Rhode Island



South Carolina



Tennessee



Vermont



Virginia



House of Representatives

Many of the congressional district numbers are linked to articles describing the district itself. Since the boundaries of the districts have changed often and substantially, the linked article may only describe the district as it exists today, and not as it was at the time of this Congress.

Connecticut

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Delaware



Georgia

Both representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Kentucky



Maryland



Massachusetts



New Hampshire

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

New Jersey

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

New York



North Carolina



Pennsylvania

The 4th district was a plural district with two representatives.

Rhode Island

Both representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

South Carolina



Tennessee



Vermont



Virginia



Non-voting members



Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of this Congress

Senate

There were 10 resignations, 2 new seats, and 1 election to replace an appointee. Both the Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans each had a 1 seat net gain.

State Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of Successor's Installation
Georgia
class 2
James Jackson (DR) Resigned 1795 George Walton (F) Appointed November 16, 1795
Georgia
class 2
George Walton (F) Interim appointment expired February 20, 1796 with an election Josiah Tattnall (DR) Elected February 20, 1796
Connecticut
class 1
Oliver Ellsworth (F) Resigned March 8, 1796 James Hillhouse (F) Elected March 12, 1796
New York
class 2
Rufus King (F) Resigned May 23, 1796, having been appointed Minister to England John Laurance (F) Elected November 9, 1796
Massachusetts
class 2
Caleb Strong (F) Resigned June 1, 1796 Theodore Sedgwick (F) Elected June 11, 1796
Massachusetts
class 1
George Cabot (F) Resigned June 9, 1796 Benjamin Goodhue (F) Elected June 11, 1796
Connecticut
class 3
Jonathan Trumbull, Jr. (F) Resigned June 10, 1796 Uriah Tracy (F) Elected October 13, 1796
Tennessee
class 1
New seat Tennessee was admitted to the Union William Cocke (DR) Elected August 2, 1796
Tennessee
class 2
William Blount (DR)
Vermont
class 1
Moses Robinson (DR) Resigned October 15, 1796 Isaac Tichenor (F) Elected October 18, 1796
Maryland
class 1
Richard Potts (F) Resigned October 24, 1796 John E. Howard (F) Elected November 30, 1796
South Carolina
class 2
Pierce Butler (DR) Resigned October 25, 1796 John Hunter (DR) Elected December 8, 1796
New Jersey
class 2
Frederick Frelinghuysen (F) Resigned November 12, 1796 Richard Stockton (F) Elected November 12, 1796


House of Representatives

There were 9 resignations, 1 death of a Representative-elect, and 1 new seat. Both Federalists and Democratic-Republicans each had a 1 seat net gain.
District Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of successor's taking office
Vacant Representative-elect James Morris died subsequent to the election John Richards (DR) Seated January 18, 1796
Jeremiah Crabb (F) Resigned 1796 William Craik (F) Seated December 5, 1796
Benjamin Bourne (F) Resigned 1796 Elisha Potter (F) Seated December 19, 1796
Theodore Sedgwick (F) Resigned 1796, having been elected U.S. Senator Thomson Skinner (DR) Seated January 27, 1797
Gabriel Duvall (DR) Resigned March 28, 1796, having been elected judge of the Supreme Court of Marylandmarker Richard Sprigg, Jr. (DR) Seated May 5, 1796
Absalom Tatom (DR) Resigned June 1, 1796 William Strudwick (F) Seated December 13, 1796
Benjamin Goodhue (F) Resigned June 1796, having been elected U.S. Senator Samuel Sewall (F) Seated December 7, 1796
James Hillhouse (F) Resigned July 1, 1796, having been elected U.S. Senator James Davenport (F) Seated December 5, 1796
James White Non-voting delegate Served until June 1, 1796 Territory organized to become State of Tennessee Territorial seat abolished June 1, 1796
Daniel Hiester (DR) Resigned July 1, 1796 George Ege (F) Seated December 8, 1796
Uriah Tracy (F) Resigned October 13, 1796, having been elected U.S. Senator Samuel Dana (F) Seated January 3, 1797
New seat Tennessee was admitted to the Union June 1, 1796 Andrew Jackson (DR) Seated December 5, 1796


Officers



Senate



House of Representatives



References



External links




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