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The 50 State Quarters program ( ) is the release of a series of commemorative coin by the United States Mint. Between 1999 and 2008, it featured each of the 50 individual U.S. states on unique designs for the reverse of the quarter.

In 2009, the U.S. Mint started issuing quarters under the 2009 District of Columbia and U.S. Territories Program, authorized by the passage of . This program features the District of Columbiamarker, Puerto Rico, American Samoamarker, Guammarker, the U.S.marker Virgin Islandsmarker, and Northern Mariana Islandsmarker. Although commonly mistaken as part of the 50 State Quarters Program, it is a separate program recognized by the U.S. Mint.

The program was conceived as a means of creating a new generation of coin collectors, and in that it succeeded. The 50 State Quarters program became the most successful numismatic program in history, with roughly half of the U.S. population collecting the coins, either in casual manner or as a serious pursuit. The U.S. federal government so far has made a profit of $4.6 billion from collectors taking the coins out of circulation.


The program's origins are with the Citizens Commemorative Coin Advisory Committee, which was appointed by Treasury Secretary Lloyd Bentsen in December 1993. By 1995, the committee had already endorsed a circulating commemorative coin when Congressman Michael Castle called for hearings. Mint director Philip Diehl picks up the commentary: "The idea of a circulating commemorative has been around the hobby for decades, but frankly, good ideas are a dime a dozen. Far more rare is the ability to move an idea to reality, especially in the rough and tumble environment of Washington, D.C. From my vantage point, the lion's share of the credit for making the 50 States program a reality goes to David Ganz, for his persistence as an advocate, and Congressman Michael Castle for championing the proposal through Congress. David gradually persuaded me of the merits of the proposal, and we at the Mint, in turn, convinced Treasury and the Hill that it was doable. There are other claimants, to be sure, but the hobby owes a debt of gratitude to Congressman Castle and Mr. Ganz." The program was first introduced by Rep. Michael Castle in 1997 as but only passed in the House. Sen. John Chafee introduced three days after HR 2414 passed the House. S. 1228 passed in the Senate on November 9, 1997 and the House on November 13, 1997. President Bill Clinton signed the 50 States Commemorative Coin Program Act into law on December 1, 1997. The first state quarter, which featured Delawaremarker, was released into circulation in 1999.

The state quarter program

During the program, a new statehood quarter was released by the United States Mint every quintile, or 1/5th of a year (73 days, or ten weeks), meaning that five designs were released each year. Each quarter's reverse celebrated one of the 50 states with a design honoring its unique history, traditions and symbols, usually designed by a resident of that state and chosen by the state government.

The quarters are released in the same order that the states joined the Union. The obverse of each quarter is a slight redesign of the previous design of the quarter.

The statehood quarters program has become one of the most popular commemorative coin programs in United Statesmarker history; the United States Mint has estimated that over one hundred million individuals have collected state quarters, either formally or informally.

By the end of 2008, all of the original 50 states quarters had been minted and released. The official total, according to the U.S. Mint, was 34,797,600,000 coins. The average per state design was 695,952,000 coins, but ranged all the way from Virginia's 1,594,616,000 to Oklahoma's 416,600,000, a difference by a factor of about 3.83. The average was skewed higher by a few states with very large mintage numbers, while the median state had a total of 580,500,000 coins. Only two states had a very close number of minted coins, Missouri and Wisconsin each with about 453,200,000 coins.

Mintage quantities

State Denver Philadelphia Total
Delaware 401,424,000 373,400,000 774,824,000
Pennsylvania 358,332,000 349,000,000 707,332,000
New Jersey 299,028,000 363,200,000 662,228,000
Georgia 488,744,000 451,188,000 939,932,000
Connecticut 657,880,000 688,744,000 1,346,624,000
1999 Totals 4,430,940,000
Massachusetts 535,184,000 628,600,000 1,163,784,000
Maryland 556,532,000 678,200,000 1,234,732,000
South Carolina 566,208,000 742,576,000 1,308,784,000
New Hampshire 495,976,000 673,040,000 1,169,016,000
Virginia 651,616,000 943,000,000 1,594,616,000
2000 Totals 6,470,932,000
New York 619,640,000 655,400,000 1,275,040,000
North Carolina 427,876,000 627,600,000 1,055,476,000
Rhode Island 447,100,000 423,000,000 870,100,000
Vermont 459,404,000 423,400,000 882,804,000
Kentucky 370,564,000 353,000,000 723,564,000
2001 Totals 4,806,984,000
Tennessee 286,468,000 361,600,000 648,068,000
Ohio 414,832,000 217,200,000 632,032,000
Louisiana 402,204,000 362,000,000 764,204,000
Indiana 327,200,000 362,600,000 689,800,000
Mississippi 289,600,000 290,000,000 579,600,000
2002 Totals 3,313,704,000
Illinois 237,400,000 225,800,000 463,200,000
Alabama 232,400,000 225,000,000 457,400,000
Maine 231,400,000 217,400,000 448,800,000
Missouri 228,200,000 225,000,000 453,200,000
Arkansas 229,800,000 228,000,000 457,800,000
2003 Totals 2,280,400,000
Michigan 225,800,000 233,800,000 459,600,000
Florida 241,600,000 240,200,000 481,800,000
Texas 263,000,000 278,800,000 541,800,000
Iowa 251,400,000 213,800,000 465,200,000
Wisconsin 226,800,000 226,400,000 453,200,000
2004 Totals 2,401,600,000
California 263,200,000 257,200,000 520,400,000
Minnesota 248,400,000 239,600,000 488,000,000
Oregon 404,000,000 316,200,000 720,200,000
Kansas 300,000,000 264,400,000 563,400,000
West Virginia 356,200,000 365,400,000 721,600,000
2005 Totals 3,013,600,000
Nevada 312,800,000 277,000,000 589,800,000
Nebraska 273,000,000 318,000,000 591,000,000
Colorado 294,200,000 274,800,000 569,000,000
North Dakota 359,000,000 305,800,000 664,800,000
South Dakota 265,800,000 245,000,000 510,800,000
2006 Totals 2,925,400,000
Montana 256,240,000 257,000,000 513,240,000
Washington 280,000,000 265,200,000 545,200,000
Idaho 286,800,000 294,600,000 581,400,000
Wyoming 320,800,000 243,600,000 564,400,000
Utah 253,200,000 255,000,000 508,200,000
2007 Totals 2,712,440,000
Oklahoma 194,600,000 222,000,000 416,600,000
New Mexico 244,400,000 244,200,000 488,600,000
Arizona 265,000,000 244,600,000 509,600,000
Alaska 254,000,000 251,800,000 505,800,000
Hawaii 263,600,000 254,000,000 517,600,000
2008 Totals 2,438,200,000
District of Columbia 88,800,000 83,600,000 172,400,000
Puerto Rico 53,000,000 86,000,000 139,000,000
Guam 42,600,000 45,000,000 87,600,000
American Samoa 39,600,000 42,600,000 82,200,000

List of designs

Image:2003 AL Proof.png|
Image:2008 AK Proof.png|
Image:2008 AZ Proof.png|
Image:2003 AR Proof.png|
Image:2005 CA Proof.png|
Image:2006 CO Proof.png|
Image:1999 CT Proof.png|
Image:1999 DE Proof.png|
Image:2004 FL Proof.png|
Image:1999 GA Proof.png|
Image:2008 HI Proof.png|
Image:2007 ID Proof Rev.png|
Image:2003 IL Proof.png|
Image:2002 IN Proof.png|
Image:2004 IA Proof.png|
Image:2005 KS Proof.png|
Image:2001 KY Proof.png|
Image:2002 LA Proof.png|
Image:2003 ME Proof.png|
Image:2000 MD Proof.png|
Image:2000 MA Proof.png|
Image:2004 MI Proof.png|
Image:2005 MN Proof.png|
Image:2002 MS Proof.png|
Image:2003 MO Proof.png|
Image:Montana quarter, reverse side, 2007.png|
Image:2006 NE Proof.png|
Image:2006 NV Proof.png|
Image:2000 NH Proof.png|
New Hampshiremarker
Image:1999 NJ Proof.png|
New Jerseymarker
Image:2008 NM Proof.png|
New Mexicomarker
Image:2001 NY Proof.png|
New Yorkmarker
Image:2001 NC Proof.png|
North Carolinamarker
Image:2006 ND Proof.png|
North Dakotamarker
Image:2002 OH Proof.png|
Image:2008 OK Proof.png|
Image:2005 OR Proof.png|
Image:1999 PA Proof.png|
Image:2001 RI Proof.png|
Rhode Islandmarker
Image:2000 SC Proof.png|
South Carolinamarker
Image:2006 SD Proof.png|
South Dakotamarker
Image:2002 TN Proof.png|
Image:2004 TX Proof.png|
Image:2007 UT Proof Rev.png|
Image:2001 VT Proof.png|
Image:2000 VA Proof.png|
Image:2007 WA Proof.png|
Image:2005 WV Proof.png|
West Virginiamarker
Image:2004 WI Proof.png|
Image:2007 WY Proof Rev.png|

Image:2009 DC Proof.png|
District of Columbiamarker
Image:2009 PR Proof.png|
Puerto Rico
Image:2009 GU Proof.png|
Image:2009 AS Proof.png|
American Samoamarker
Image:2009 USVI Proof.png|
Virgin Islandsmarker
Image:2009 NMI Proof.png|
Northern Mariana Islandsmarker

Year map

The following map shows the years each state, federal district, or territory is released as a State Quarter.

| bgcolor="#FF0000" |  
| bgcolor="#FF9A00" |  
| bgcolor="#FAF800" |  
| bgcolor="#00FF8C" |  
| bgcolor="#51D000" |  
| bgcolor="#51ACFF" |  
| bgcolor="#3B35FF" |  
| bgcolor="#CA35FF" |  
| bgcolor="#AB00AB" |  
| bgcolor="#FF0099" |  
| bgcolor="#008081" |  
The following table has the quarters grouped by year.
Color Year 1st release 2nd release 3rd release 4th release 5th release 6th release
|| Delawaremarker
||New Jerseymarker
||South Carolinamarker
||New Hampshiremarker
||New Yorkmarker
||North Carolinamarker
||Rhode Islandmarker
||West Virginiamarker
||North Dakotamarker
||South Dakotamarker
||New Mexicomarker
||District of Columbiamarker
||Puerto Rico
||American Samoamarker
||U.S.marker Virgin Islandsmarker
||Northern Mariana Islandsmarker

Collectible value

In 1997, Congress passed the 50 States Commemorative Coin Program Act, which ordered the creation of the state quarters series to "honor the unique Federal Republic of 50 States that comprise the United States; and to promote the diffusion of knowledge among the youth of the United States about the individual states, their history and geography, and the rich diversity of the national heritage...", and to encourage "young people and their families to collect memorable tokens of all of the States for the face value of the coins."

Coin with erroneous "In God We Rust" motto

While mintage totals of the various designs vary widely – Virginia quarters are almost four times more abundant than Maine quarters — none of the regular circulating issues is rare enough to become a valuable investment. Since, on average, 16% fewer coins will be minted for each territory and district than for each state (6 different coins in a year instead of five), the last six coins of the series are expected to be slightly more valuable as collectibles than the state quarters.

There was, however, a measure of collector interest and controversy over die errors in the Wisconsin quarter. Some designs feature corn without a smaller leaf, others feature a small leaf pointing upwards, and still others have the leaf bending down. A set of all three quarters from the Philadelphia mint sold on eBay in February 2005 for $300, and have since seen significant increases.

A 2005 Minnesota double die quarter, as well as a 2005 Minnesota quarter with extra trees (another die error), have both triggered numismatic interest. An unusual die break on some 2005 Kansas quarters created a humpback bison. Relatively more common are Kansas quarters sporting the motto "IN GOD WE RUST".

The 1999 silver proof coinage set is valuable, being the first year of the series and with a relatively small mintage. The set in base metal is worth only a fraction as much.


Seigniorage is the profit gained by a government when it issues currency. The U.S. government discovered at the launch of the State Quarters series that a large number of people were collecting each new quarter as it rolled out of the U.S. Mint, taking the pieces out of circulation. Since it costs the Mint less than five cents for each 25-cent piece it produces, the government made a profit whenever someone bought a coin and chose not to spend it. The U.S.marker Treasurymarker estimates that it has earned about $4.6 billion in seigniorage revenue from the quarters so far. The addition of six new designs in 2009 to recognize the nation's capital and its five territories is expected to boost seigniorage revenue even further, especially since fewer coins will be minted of each design, because six different coins will be issued that year, instead of the usual five, and the number of quarters minted so far for DC, PR and GU has been lower than those minted for any state of the Union (see table).


  • On May 4, 2005, The Onion ran a satirical news story titled "U.S. Mint Gears Up To Issue Commemorative County Pennies".

  • Sculptor Daniel Carr, whose designs were used for the New York and Rhode Island state quarters and whose concept was adapted for the Maine state quarter, has created a series of parody quarters making light of the state quarter concept.

See also


External links

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