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The Fifty-sixth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DCmarker from March 4, 1899 to March 4, 1901, during the third and fourth years of William McKinley's presidency. The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Eleventh Census of the United States in 1890. Both chambers had a Republican majority. There was one African-American member, George Henry White of North Carolinamarker, who served his second and final term as a Representative in this Congress, and would be the last black member of Congress until 1928, and the last black member of Congress from the South until 1972.

Major events



Major legislation



Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

TOTAL members: 90

House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 357

Leadership

Senate



House of Representatives



Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senate composition, by party
At this time, Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1904; Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1900; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1902.

Alabama



Arkansas



California



Colorado



Connecticut



Delaware



Florida

  • 1. Samuel Pasco (D), appointed to fill vacancy, served until April 19, 1899
* James P. Taliaferro (D), elected to fill vacancy, April 19, 1899


Georgia



Idaho



Illinois



Indiana



Iowa

* Jonathan P. Dolliver (R), appointed to fill vacancy, August 22, 1900


Kansas



Kentucky



Louisiana



Maine



Maryland



Massachusetts



Michigan



Minnesota

* Charles A. Towne (D), appointed to fill vacancy, December 5, 1900
:* Moses E. Clapp (R), elected to fill vacancy, January 23, 1901


Mississippi



Missouri



Montana



Nebraska

* William V. Allen (Pop.), appointed to fill vacancy, December 13, 1899


Nevada



New Hampshire



New Jersey



New York



North Carolina



North Dakota



Ohio



Oregon



Pennsylvania



Rhode Island



South Carolina



South Dakota



Tennessee



Texas



Utah



Vermont

* William P. Dillingham (R), elected to fill vacancy, October 18, 1900


Virginia



Washington



West Virginia



Wisconsin



Wyoming



House of Representatives

Alabama

* William F. Aldrich (R), contested election, seated March 8, 1900
* . William N. Richardson (D), elected to fill vacancy, seated December 3, 1900


Arkansas



California

* Samuel D. Woods (R), seated December 3, 1900


Colorado



Connecticut



Delaware

* Walter O. Hoffecker (R), seated December 3, 1900


Florida



Georgia



Idaho



Illinois



Indiana



Iowa

* Walter I. Smith (R), , seated December 3, 1900
* James P. Conner (R), seated December 4, 1900


Kansas



Kentucky

* June Ward Gayle (D), seated January 15, 1900


Louisiana

* Joseph E. Ransdell (D), seated December 4, 1899


Maine

* Amos L. Allen (R), seated November 6, 1899


Maryland

* Josiah Kerr (R), installed November 6, 1900


Massachusetts



Michigan



Minnesota



Mississippi



Missouri

* Dorsey W. Shackleford (D), seated December 4, 1899


Montana



Nebraska

* William Neville (Pop.), seated December 4, 1899


Nevada



New Hampshire



New Jersey

* Allan L. McDermott (D), seated December 3, 1900


New York

* Albert D. Shaw (R), seated November 6, 1900, died February 10, 1901, vacant to end


North Carolina

* Richmond Pearson (R), contested election, seated May 10, 1900


North Dakota



Ohio

* John J. Gill (R), seated December 4, 1899


Oregon



Pennsylvania

* Edward D. Morrell (R), seated November 6, 1900
* Henry D. Green (D), seated November 7, 1899


Rhode Island



South Carolina



South Dakota



Tennessee



Texas



Utah



Vermont



Virginia

* Richard A. Wise (R), contested election, seated March 12, 1900, died December 21, 1900, vacant for remainder of term
* Francis R. Lassiter (D), seated April 28, 1900


Washington



West Virginia



Wisconsin



Wyoming



Non-voting members



Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

  • replacements: 4
  • deaths: 3
  • resignations: 1
  • vacancy: 5
  • interim appointments: 3
  • Total seats with changes: 9


House of Representatives



  • deaths: 15
  • resignations: 8
  • contested election: 4
  • Total seats with changes: 25


Employees



Senate



House of Representatives



References



External links




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