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The Sixty-fifth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DCmarker from March 4, 1917 to March 4, 1919, during the fourth and fifth years of Woodrow Wilson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Thirteenth Census of the United States in 1910. The Senate had a Democratic majority, and the House had a Republican plurality but the Democrats remained in control with the support of the Progressives.

Major events

Major legislation



Resolutions

  • War Resolutions that brought America into World War I:
    • Germany: Joint Res. April 6, 1917,
    • Austria-Hungary: Joint Res. December 7, 1917,


Party summary

Senate

TOTAL members: 96

House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 435

Leadership

Senate



House of Representatives



Members

Senate

Because of the 17th Amendment, starting in 1914 U.S. Senators were elected directly instead of by the state legislatures. However, this did not affect the terms of U.S. Senators whose terms had started before that Amendment took effect.

Alabama



Arizona



Arkansas



California



Colorado



Connecticut



Delaware



Florida



Georgia



Idaho

* John F. Nugent (D), appointed and subsequently elected


Illinois



Indiana



Iowa



Kansas



Kentucky

* George B. Martin (D), appointed


Louisiana

* Walter Guion (D), appointed
* Edward J. Gay (D), elected


Maine



Maryland



Massachusetts



Michigan



Minnesota



Mississippi



Missouri

* Xenophon P. Wilfley (D), appointed
* Selden P. Spencer (R), elected


Montana



Nebraska



Nevada

* Charles B. Henderson (D), appointed and subsequently elected


New Hampshire

* Irving W. Drew (R), appointed
* George H. Moses (R), elected


New Jersey

* David Baird (R)


New Mexico



New York



North Carolina



North Dakota



Ohio



Oklahoma



Oregon

* Charles L. McNary (R), appointed
* Frederick W. Mulkey (R), elected and subsequently resigned
* Charles L. McNary (R), reappointed


Pennsylvania



Rhode Island



South Carolina

* Christie Benet (D), appointed
* William P. Pollock (D), elected


South Dakota



Tennessee



Texas



Utah



Vermont



Virginia



Washington



West Virginia



Wisconsin

* Irvine L. Lenroot (R), appointed and subsequently elected


Wyoming



House of Representatives

Alabama



Arizona



Arkansas



California



Colorado



Connecticut

* Schuyler Merritt (R)


Delaware



Florida



Georgia

* William C. Wright (D)


Idaho



Illinois

* John W. Rainey (D)


Indiana

* Richard N. Elliott (R)


Iowa



Kansas



Kentucky



Louisiana



Maine



Maryland

* Carville D. Benson (D)


Massachusetts

* Willfred W. Lufkin (R)


Michigan

* Samuel Beakes (D), gained seat after recount


Minnesota



Mississippi



Missouri

* Frederick Essen (R)


Montana



Nebraska



Nevada



New Hampshire

* Sherman Everett Burroughs (R)


New Jersey

* William F. Birch (R)


New Mexico



New York

* John J. Delaney (D)
* William E. Cleary (D)
* Jerome F. Donovan (D)
* Anthony J. Griffin (D)


North Carolina

* James Jefferson Britt (R), seated by contesting election


North Dakota

* John Miller Baer (R)


Ohio

* Martin L. Davey (D)


Oklahoma



Oregon



Pennsylvania

* Earl Hanley Beshlin (D)


Rhode Island



South Carolina



South Dakota



Tennessee



Texas



Utah



Vermont



Virginia

* S. Otis Bland (D)
* James P. Woods (D)


Washington



West Virginia



Wisconsin

* Florian Lampert (R)
* Adolphus P. Nelson (R)


Wyoming



Non-voting members

* James Wickersham (R), seated after contesting election


Employees

Senate

House of Representatives



References




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