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6th century BC: Map


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The 6th century BC started the first day of 600 BC and ended the last day of 501 BC.
Map of the world in 500 BC

In India, Pāṇini, sometime during this century or slightly later, composed a grammar for Sanskrit, which is the oldest extant grammar of any language.

In the Near East, the first half of this century was dominated by the Neo Babylonian or Chaldean empire, which had risen to power late in the previous century after successfully rebelling against Assyrian rule. The Kingdom of Judah came to an end in 587 BC when Babylonian forces under Nebuchadnezzar II captured Jerusalemmarker, and removed most of its population to their own lands. Babylonian rule was toppled however in the 540's, by Cyrus, who founded the Persian Empire in its place. The Persian Empire continued to expand and grew into the greatest empire the world had yet known.

In Iron Age Europe, the Celtic expansion was in progress. China was in the Spring and Autumn Period.

Monument 1, an Olmec colossal head at La Venta


Significant persons


Inventions, discoveries, introductions


Decades and years

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